Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:04:44 UTC
Update date2018-05-28 23:03:37 UTC
Primary IDFDB000846
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameVanillic acid
DescriptionVanillic acid is a phenolic acid found in some forms of vanilla and many other plant extracts. It is a flavoring and scent agent that produces a pleasant, creamy odor. It is the intermediate product in the two-step bioconversion of ferulic acid to vanillin. (J Biotechnol 1996;50(2-3):107-13). Vanillic acid, which is a chlorogenic acid, is an oxidized form of vanillin. It is also an intermediate in the production of vanillin from ferulic acid. Vanillic acid is a metabolic byproduct of caffeic acid and is often found in the urine of humans who have consumed coffee, chocolate, tea and vanilla-flavored confectionary. Vanillic acid selectively and specifically inhibits 5'nucleotidase activity. (PMID: 16899266).
CAS Number121-34-6
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acidChEBI
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoateKegg
VanillateGenerator
3-Methoxy-4-hydroxybenzoateHMDB
3-Methoxy-4-hydroxybenzoic acidHMDB
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzoateHMDB
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzoic acidHMDB
4-Hydroxy-m-anisateHMDB
4-Hydroxy-m-anisic acidHMDB
Acide vanilliqueHMDB
p-VanillateHMDB
p-Vanillic acidHMDB
Protocatechuic acid 3-methyl esterHMDB
Acid, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoicHMDB
p Hydroxy m methoxy benzoic acidHMDB
4 Hydroxy 3 methoxybenzoic acidHMDB
Acid, vanillicHMDB
Acid, p-hydroxy-m-methoxy-benzoicHMDB
p-Hydroxy-m-methoxy-benzoic acidHMDB
Vanillic acidKEGG
4 Hydroxy 3 methoxybenzoic Acidbiospider
4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-Benzoatebiospider
4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-Benzoic acidbiospider
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid (vanillic acid)biospider
4-hydroxy-m-Anisatebiospider
4-hydroxy-m-Anisic acidbiospider
Acid, 4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoicbiospider
Benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-biospider
m-Anisic acid, 4-hydroxy-biospider
P hydroxy m methoxy benzoic acidbiospider
P-hydroxy-m-methoxy-benzoic acidbiospider
P-hydroxy-m-methoxy-benzonic acidbiospider
P-vanillatebiospider
P-vanillic acidbiospider
Protocatechuic acid, 3-methyl esterbiospider
VAbiospider
Va (van)biospider
VNLbiospider
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility5.7 g/LALOGPS
logP1.7ALOGPS
logP1.17ChemAxon
logS-1.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.16ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area66.76 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity41.76 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability15.86 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC8H8O4
IUPAC name4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C8H8O4/c1-12-7-4-5(8(10)11)2-3-6(7)9/h2-4,9H,1H3,(H,10,11)
InChI KeyWKOLLVMJNQIZCI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCOC1=C(O)C=CC(=C1)C(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight168.148
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight168.042258738
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as m-methoxybenzoic acids and derivatives. These are benzoic acids in which the hydrogen atom at position 3 of the benzene ring is replaced by a methoxy group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassBenzoic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentM-methoxybenzoic acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • M-methoxybenzoic acid or derivatives
  • Hydroxybenzoic acid
  • Methoxyphenol
  • Benzoic acid
  • Anisole
  • Phenoxy compound
  • Benzoyl
  • Phenol ether
  • Methoxybenzene
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Phenol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Ether
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 57.14%; H 4.80%; O 38.06%DFC
Melting PointMp 210°DFC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water Solubility1.5 mg/mL at 14 oCYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
Experimental logP1.43HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Experimental pKapKa2 9.39 (25°)DFC
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ChemSpider ID8155
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL120568
KEGG Compound IDC06672
Pubchem Compound ID8468
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16632
Phenol-Explorer ID414
DrugBank IDDB02130
HMDB IDHMDB00484
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDBJS05-K:BJS01-G
EAFUS ID3829
Dr. Duke ID4-HYDROXY-3-METHOXY-BENZOIC-ACID|VANILLIC-ACID
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00002682
HET IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDrw1051611
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDVA
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite ID414
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
aldose reductase inhibitor48550 An EC 1.1.1.* (oxidoreductase acting on donor CH-OH group, NAD(+) or NADP(+) acceptor) inhibitor that interferes with the action of aldehyde reductase (EC 1.1.1.21).DUKE
allelopathicDUKE
anti helmintic33281 A substance that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoans.DUKE
anti bacterial33282 A substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.DUKE
anti cancer35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
anti fatigue52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti inflammatory35472 A substance that reduces or suppresses inflammation.DUKE
anti leukemic35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
antioxidant22586 A substance that opposes oxidation or inhibits reactions brought about by dioxygen or peroxides. In European countries, E-numbers for permitted antioxidant food additives are from E 300 to E 324.DUKE
anti peroxidantDUKE
anti radicularDUKE
anti septic33281 A substance that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoans.DUKE
anti sicklingDUKE
antitumor35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
antitumor promoter35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
ascaricide33281 A substance that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoans.DUKE
cancer preventive35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
cholereticDUKE
fungicide24127 A substance used to destroy fungal pests.DUKE
immunosuppressant35705 An agent that suppresses immune function by one of several mechanisms of action. Classical cytotoxic immunosuppressants act by inhibiting DNA synthesis. Others may act through activation of T-cells or by inhibiting the activation of helper cells. In addition, an immunosuppressive agent is a role played by a compound which is exhibited by a capability to diminish the extent and/or voracity of an immune response.DUKE
laxative50503 An agent that produces a soft formed stool, and relaxes and loosens the bowels, typically used over a protracted period, to relieve constipation. Compare with cathartic, which is a substance that accelerates defecation. A substances can be both a laxative and a cathartic.DUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
ubiquiotDUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
dairy
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
milky
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
sweet
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
creamy
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
powdery
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
vanilla
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
bean
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Rothwell JA, Pérez-Jiménez J, Neveu V, Medina-Ramon A, M'Hiri N, Garcia Lobato P, Manach C, Knox K, Eisner R, Wishart D, Scalbert A. (2013) Phenol-Explorer 3.0: a major update of the Phenol-Explorer database to incorporate data on the effects of food processing on polyphenol content. Database, 10.1093/database/bat070.
— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.