Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:04:46 UTC
Update date2019-11-27 17:03:59 UTC
Primary IDFDB000917
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameTryptamine
DescriptionOccurs widely in plants, especies Lens esculenta (lentil) and the fungi Coprinus micaceus (glistening ink cap) Many if not most plants contain small amounts of tryptamine which is an intermediate in one biosynthetic pathway to the plant hormone indole-3-acetic acid (heteroauxin). Higher concentrations can be found in many Acacia species.; The Abramovitch-Shapiro tryptamine synthesis is an organic reaction for the synthesis of tryptamines starting from a beta-Carboline; Tryptamine is a monoamine alkaloid found in plants, fungi, and animals. It is based around the indole ring structure, and is chemically related to the amino acid tryptophan, from which its name is derived. Tryptamine is found in trace amounts in the brains of mammals and is believed to play a role as a neuromodulator or neurotransmitter.; Tryptamine is a monoamine compound that is common precursor molecule to many hormones and neurotransmitters. Biosynthesis generally proceeds from the amino acid tryptophan, with tryptamine in turn acting as a precursor for other compounds. Substitutions to the tryptamine molecule give rise to a group of compounds collectively known as tryptamines. The most well-known tryptamines are serotonin, an important neurotransmitter, and melatonin, a hormone involved in regulating the sleep-wake cycle.
CAS Number61-54-1
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
1H-Indole-3-ethanamineChEBI
2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ETHANAMINEChEBI
2-(3-Indolyl)ethylamineChEBI
3-(2-Aminoethyl)indoleChEBI
(3-Indolyl)ethylamineHMDB
2-(1H-indol-3-yl)EthylamineHMDB
2-indol-3-yl-AethylaminHMDB
2-indol-3-yl-EthylamineHMDB
3-(2-Aminoethyl)-1H-indoleHMDB
3-IndoleethanamineHMDB
3-IndoleethylamineHMDB
TryptaminHMDB
TryptaminiumHMDB
Tryptamine monohydrochlorideMeSH, HMDB
Tryptamine sulfateMeSH, HMDB
β-(3-Indolyl)ethylaminebiospider
1H-Indole-3-ethanamine, 9CIdb_source
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.34 g/LALOGPS
logP1.21ALOGPS
logP1.49ChemAxon
logS-2.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)17.17ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.73ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area41.81 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity50.37 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability18.34 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC10H12N2
IUPAC name2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethan-1-amine
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C10H12N2/c11-6-5-8-7-12-10-4-2-1-3-9(8)10/h1-4,7,12H,5-6,11H2
InChI KeyAPJYDQYYACXCRM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESNCCC1=CNC2=CC=CC=C12
Average Molecular Weight160.2157
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight160.100048394
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as tryptamines and derivatives. Tryptamines and derivatives are compounds containing the tryptamine backbone, which is structurally characterized by an indole ring substituted at the 3-position by an ethanamine.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassIndoles and derivatives
Sub ClassTryptamines and derivatives
Direct ParentTryptamines and derivatives
Alternative ParentsNot Available
SubstituentsNot Available
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 74.97%; H 7.55%; N 17.48%DFC
Melting PointMp 118°DFC
Boiling PointBp0.15 137°DFC
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logP1.55HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Experimental pKapKa2 10.2 (25°)DFC
Isoelectric pointNot Available
Charge+1
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (2 TMS)splash10-00dr-2900000000-037af42e76613b924496View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)splash10-00di-1900000000-0f82cbf608e15678c41eView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-2900000000-a7c4e80f196945c43f38View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (2 TMS)splash10-00di-7900000000-3900b703ce7b512e882bView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (3 TMS)splash10-00di-8900000000-f45a71db0a2ef37bb21eView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-00di-2900000000-bd00339c48e04ebcf419View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS)splash10-00di-2900000000-830c8a076e1bd787d36bView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-001i-2900000000-b39aa63579c1df55320bView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-1900000000-ac580ff9d9d90ed4712fView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00dr-2900000000-037af42e76613b924496View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-1900000000-0f82cbf608e15678c41eView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-2900000000-a7c4e80f196945c43f38View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-7900000000-3900b703ce7b512e882bView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-8900000000-f45a71db0a2ef37bb21eView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-2900000000-bd00339c48e04ebcf419View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-2900000000-830c8a076e1bd787d36bView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-2900000000-bd00339c48e04ebcf419View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-2900000000-830c8a076e1bd787d36bView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-001i-6900000000-9eba5d47042c8fee1aebView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-03di-0900000000-b73564ce7b9f5f38af40View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00kf-0900000000-24ae4f71c6de13d45134View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-014l-7900000000-630a258032b083d5d676View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (MX-1303) , Positivesplash10-001i-2900000000-b39aa63579c1df55320bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-0006-0900000000-0572e0c6753816d29646View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-0006-0900000000-a3617243f16ac1d19ca3View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-0006-0900000000-5198dc18989eb021ff2bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-014l-2900000000-3b3b79050401c23f0c22View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-014l-7900000000-b62047ba50e6464b146cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0002-9500000000-692ccea6512d337d1e9bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0006-0900000000-0572e0c6753816d29646View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0006-0900000000-a3617243f16ac1d19ca3View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-0006-0900000000-5198dc18989eb021ff2bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-014l-2900000000-3b3b79050401c23f0c22View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , positivesplash10-014l-7900000000-b62047ba50e6464b146cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , positivesplash10-0006-0900000000-bb34ead00b4bce5008dcView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-0006-0900000000-bb699b23c5872ac8e0fdView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-03dl-0900000000-7bc3b97123326f275789View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0006-0900000000-5905ea387430fa86aaf0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-014l-2900000000-efe6e15de34968102591View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-c52fec329f216423ec97View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-274ddaffc49a15406923View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-014l-2900000000-11fbc4d015c37419fca0View in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-001i-2900000000-6a48efe719d0f7482467View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
ChemSpider ID1118
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL6640
KEGG Compound IDC00398
Pubchem Compound ID1150
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDDB08653
HMDB IDHMDB00303
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDBMS99-K:BMS99-K
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDTRYPTAMINE
BIGG ID34864
KNApSAcK IDC00001434
HET IDTSS
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
anti amebic33281 A substance that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoans.DUKE
hypertensiveDUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
vasopressorDUKE
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylaseDDCP20711
Serotonin N-acetyltransferaseAANATQ16613
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Tryptophan MetabolismSMP00063 map00380
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.