Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:04:49 UTC
Update date2018-05-29 00:31:42 UTC
Primary IDFDB001060
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB018788
Chemical Information
FooDB NameGlycyrrhizin
DescriptionIsolated from Glycyrrhiza glabra (liquorice). Nutriceutical with anticancer props. Glycyrrhizic acid is a triterpenoid saponin glycoside of glycyrrhetinic acid. It is the main sweet-tasting compound from liquorice root. It is 30–50 times as sweet as sucrose. Glycyrrhizin is found in herbs and spices and root vegetables.
CAS Number1405-86-3
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
beta-GlycyrrhizinHMDB
DermacrinHMDB
GlycyramHMDB
GlycyronHMDB
Glycyrrhetic acid 3-O-[b-D-glucuronopyranosyl-(1->2)-a-D-glucuronopyranoside]HMDB
GlycyrrhitinHMDB
Glycyrrhizin, janHMDB
GlycyrrhizinateHMDB
Glycyrrhizinic acidHMDB
GlycyrrizinHMDB
Glycyrrhizate, zincHMDB
Acid, glycyrrhizinicHMDB
Dipotassium glycyrrhizinateHMDB
Glycyrrhizinate, diammoniumHMDB
Glycyrrhizinate, dipotassiumHMDB
Zinc glycyrrhizateHMDB
Acid, glycyrrhizicHMDB
Glycyrrhizic acidHMDB
Diammonium glycyrrhizinateHMDB
6-({6-carboxy-2-[(11-carboxy-4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,14b-heptamethyl-14-oxo-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,6a,6b,7,8,8a,9,10,11,12,12a,14,14a,14b-icosahydropicen-3-yl)oxy]-4,5-dihydroxyoxan-3-yl}oxy)-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylateGenerator
GlycyrrhizinMeSH
Beta-glycyrrhizinbiospider
Glycyrrhizin, JANdb_source
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.054 g/LALOGPS
logP2.78ALOGPS
logP3.13ChemAxon
logS-4.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.96ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count16ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count8ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area267.04 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count7ChemAxon
Refractivity198.83 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability86.97 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings7ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC42H62O16
IUPAC name5-[(6-carboxy-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxan-2-yl)oxy]-6-[(11-carboxy-4,4,6a,6b,8a,11,14b-heptamethyl-14-oxo-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,6a,6b,7,8,8a,9,10,11,12,12a,14,14a,14b-icosahydropicen-3-yl)oxy]-3,4-dihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C42H62O16/c1-37(2)21-8-11-42(7)31(20(43)16-18-19-17-39(4,36(53)54)13-12-38(19,3)14-15-41(18,42)6)40(21,5)10-9-22(37)55-35-30(26(47)25(46)29(57-35)33(51)52)58-34-27(48)23(44)24(45)28(56-34)32(49)50/h16,19,21-31,34-35,44-48H,8-15,17H2,1-7H3,(H,49,50)(H,51,52)(H,53,54)
InChI KeyLPLVUJXQOOQHMX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCC1(C)C(CCC2(C)C1CCC1(C)C2C(=O)C=C2C3CC(C)(CCC3(C)CCC12C)C(O)=O)OC1OC(C(O)C(O)C1OC1OC(C(O)C(O)C1O)C(O)=O)C(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight822.9321
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight822.403785936
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as triterpene saponins. These are glycosylated derivatives of triterpene sapogenins. The sapogenin moiety backbone is usually based on the oleanane, ursane, taraxastane, bauerane, lanostane, lupeol, lupane, dammarane, cycloartane, friedelane, hopane, 9b,19-cyclo-lanostane, cycloartane, or cycloartanol skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassTerpene glycosides
Direct ParentTriterpene saponins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Triterpene saponin
  • Triterpenoid
  • 1-o-glucuronide
  • O-glucuronide
  • Glucuronic acid or derivatives
  • Disaccharide
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Tricarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Cyclohexenone
  • Pyran
  • Oxane
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Polyol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Acetal
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 61.30%; H 7.59%; O 31.11%DFC
Melting PointMp 220 approx.°DFC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logP2.80SANGSTER (1993)
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical Rotation[a]17D +46.2 (c, 1.5 in EtOH)DFC
Spectroscopic UV Data[neutral] lmax 249 () (MeOH)DFC
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC02284
Pubchem Compound ID14982
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15939
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDBRB99-M:BRB99-M
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00003522
HET IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDrw1032161
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDGlycyrrhizin
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
mild
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
spicy
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference