Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:04:52 UTC
Update date2018-05-29 00:32:24 UTC
Primary IDFDB001193
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameMaltose
DescriptionSweetening agent, dietary supplement. Occurs in some plants as hydrolytic dec. production of starch. Production in high yield (80%) by the action of diastase (a- and b-amylase) on starch, a process used in brewing Maltose is a disaccharide formed from two units of glucose joined with an alpha(1->4)bond. Maltose is the disaccharide produced when amylase breaks down starch. It is found in germinating seeds such as barley as they break down their starch stores to use for food. It is also produced when glucose is caramelized.
CAS Number69-79-4
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
1-alpha-D-Glucopyranosyl-4-alpha-D-glucopyranoseChEBI
4-(alpha-D-Glucopyranosido)-alpha-glucopyranoseChEBI
4-(alpha-D-Glucosido)-D-glucoseChEBI
4-O-alpha-D-Glucopyranosyl-D-glucopyranoseChEBI
4-O-alpha-D-Glucopyranosyl-D-glucoseChEBI
alpha-D-GLCP-(1->4)-D-GLCPChEBI
alpha-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1->4)-D-glucopyranoseChEBI
alpha-Malt sugarChEBI
CextromaltoseChEBI
D-(+)-MaltoseChEBI
D-MaltoseChEBI
Malt sugarChEBI
MaltobioseChEBI
MalzzuckerChEBI
MadorosKegg
1-a-D-Glucopyranosyl-4-a-D-glucopyranoseGenerator
1-Α-D-glucopyranosyl-4-α-D-glucopyranoseGenerator
4-(a-D-Glucopyranosido)-a-glucopyranoseGenerator
4-(Α-D-glucopyranosido)-α-glucopyranoseGenerator
4-(a-D-Glucosido)-D-glucoseGenerator
4-(Α-D-glucosido)-D-glucoseGenerator
4-O-a-D-Glucopyranosyl-D-glucopyranoseGenerator
4-O-Α-D-glucopyranosyl-D-glucopyranoseGenerator
4-O-a-D-Glucopyranosyl-D-glucoseGenerator
4-O-Α-D-glucopyranosyl-D-glucoseGenerator
a-D-GLCP-(1->4)-D-GLCPGenerator
Α-D-GLCP-(1->4)-D-GLCPGenerator
a-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1->4)-D-glucopyranoseGenerator
Α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1->4)-D-glucopyranoseGenerator
a-Malt sugarGenerator
Α-malt sugarGenerator
α-Malt sugarbiospider
1-alpha-delta-Glucopyranosyl-4-alpha-delta-glucopyranoseHMDB
4-(alpha-D-glucosido)-D-GlucoseHMDB
4-(alpha-delta-Glucopyranosido)-alpha-glucopyranoseHMDB
4-(alpha-delta-glucosido)-delta-GlucoseHMDB
4-O-a-D-Glucopyranosyl-a-D-mannopyranoseGenerator
4-O-a-D-Glucopyranosyl-D-glucose, 9CIdb_source
4-O-alpha-D-Glucopyranosyl-alpha-D-mannopyranoseChEBI
4-O-alpha-delta-Glucopyranosyl-delta-glucopyranoseHMDB
4-O-alpha-delta-Glucopyranosyl-delta-glucoseHMDB
4-O-α-D-glucopyranosyl-α-D-mannopyranoseGenerator
Advantose 100HMDB
alpha-D-Glcp-(1->4)-D-glcpHMDB
alpha-D-Glucopyranosyl-(1->4)-D-glucoseHMDB
alpha-delta-Glcp-(1->4)-delta-glcpHMDB
alpha-delta-Glucopyranosyl-(1->4)-delta-glucopyranoseHMDB
alpha-delta-Glucopyranosyl-(1->4)-delta-glucoseHMDB
delta-(+)-MaltoseHMDB
delta-MaltoseHMDB
Finetosedb_source
Finetose Fbiospider
Maltodiosebiospider
MaltosHMDB
Maltose HHHMDB
Maltose HHHHMDB
Maltose solutionHMDB
Martos-10HMDB
SunmaltHMDB
Sunmalt SHMDB
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility586 g/LALOGPS
logP-3ALOGPS
logP-4.7ChemAxon
logS0.23ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.25ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count8ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area189.53 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity68.34 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability31.57 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC12H22O11
IUPAC name(2R,3S,4S,5R,6R)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-4,5,6-trihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]oxy}oxane-3,4,5-triol
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C12H22O11/c13-1-3-5(15)6(16)9(19)12(22-3)23-10-4(2-14)21-11(20)8(18)7(10)17/h3-20H,1-2H2/t3-,4-,5-,6+,7-,8-,9-,10-,11?,12-/m1/s1
InChI KeyGUBGYTABKSRVRQ-PICCSMPSSA-N
Isomeric SMILESOC[C@H]1O[C@H](O[C@H]2[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)C(O)O[C@@H]2CO)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O
Average Molecular Weight342.2965
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight342.116211546
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as o-glycosyl compounds. These are glycoside in which a sugar group is bonded through one carbon to another group via a O-glycosidic bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentO-glycosyl compounds
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Disaccharide
  • Oxane
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hemiacetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Acetal
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 42.11%; H 6.48%; O 51.42%DFC
Melting PointMp 102-103°DFC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water Solubility780 mg/mL at 20 oCYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
Charge0
Optical Rotation[a]D +112 -> +130 (H2O)DFC
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-01tc-0419000000-7756e1f28bcc76e75af1JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03fr-1915000000-f7a01cbe1a1eba1f39b1JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-01we-4920000000-0dcd848ee51f4218f67aJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-2379000000-abb41b2f1a43083992caJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0200-3923000000-87a71f93194716a7f75dJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004l-6900000000-a0954b0f7ffc379d1deeJSpectraViewer
ChemSpider ID9166684
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC00208
Pubchem Compound ID10991489
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17306
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDDB03323
HMDB IDHMDB00163
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDBVX94-P:BVX94-P
EAFUS ID2103
Dr. Duke IDMALTOSE
BIGG ID34261
KNApSAcK IDC00001140
HET ID1A7L
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDMaltose
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
anti diabetic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
sweetener50505 Substance that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc.DUKE
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Glycogen debranching enzymeAGLP35573
Lysosomal alpha-glucosidaseGAAP10253
Maltase-glucoamylase, intestinalMGAMO43451
Neutral alpha-glucosidase CGANCQ8TET4
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Starch and Sucrose MetabolismSMP00058 map00500
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Saxholt, E., et al. 'Danish food composition databank, revision 7.' Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark (2008).
— U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2008. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page.
— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.