Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:05:06 UTC
Update date2019-11-27 17:05:31 UTC
Primary IDFDB001783
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB Name3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid
DescriptionHomovanillic acid, also known as vanillacetate or homovanillate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as methoxyphenols. Methoxyphenols are compounds containing a methoxy group attached to the benzene ring of a phenol moiety. Homovanillic acid is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Homovanillic acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Homovanillic acid is found, on average, in the highest concentration in olives and beers. Homovanillic acid has also been detected, but not quantified in, avocado. This could make homovanillic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Homovanillic acid is a potentially toxic compound. Homovanillic acid has been found to be associated with several diseases such as narcolepsy, urocanase deficiency, parkinson's disease, and autism; also homovanillic acid has been linked to the inborn metabolic disorders including growth hormone deficiency.
CAS Number306-08-1
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)acetic acidChEBI
3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylacetateChEBI
3-Methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylacetic acidChEBI
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzeneacetic acidChEBI
HVAChEBI
Vanillacetic acidChEBI
(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)acetateGenerator
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzeneacetateGenerator
VanillacetateGenerator
HomovanillateGenerator
3-Methoxy-4-hydroxy-phenylacetic acidHMDB
4-Hydroxy 3-methoxyphenylacetic acidHMDB
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetic acidHMDB
HomovanilateHMDB
Homovanilic acidHMDB
Homovanillinic acidHMDB
VanilacetateHMDB
Vanilacetic acidHMDB
3 Methoxy 4 hydroxyphenylacetic acidHMDB
Acid, 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylaceticHMDB
Acid, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylaceticHMDB
4 Hydroxy 3 methoxyphenylacetic acidHMDB
Acid, homovanillicHMDB
3'-Methoxy-4'-hydroxyphenylacetic acidHMDB
3’-Methoxy-4’-hydroxyphenylacetic acidHMDB
Homovanillic acidHMDB
HMPAbiospider
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.72 g/LALOGPS
logP1.02ALOGPS
logP1.15ChemAxon
logS-1.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.74ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area66.76 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity45.81 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability17.74 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC9H10O4
IUPAC name2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)acetic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C9H10O4/c1-13-8-4-6(5-9(11)12)2-3-7(8)10/h2-4,10H,5H2,1H3,(H,11,12)
InChI KeyQRMZSPFSDQBLIX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCOC1=CC(CC(O)=O)=CC=C1O
Average Molecular Weight182.1733
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight182.057908808
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as methoxyphenols. Methoxyphenols are compounds containing a methoxy group attached to the benzene ring of a phenol moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassPhenols
Sub ClassMethoxyphenols
Direct ParentMethoxyphenols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Methoxyphenol
  • Phenoxy compound
  • Anisole
  • Methoxybenzene
  • Phenol ether
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Ether
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Foods
  • Cocoa and cocoa products
  • Grains:

    Nuts and legumes:

    Fruits and vegetables:

    Fats and oils:

    Beverages:

    Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
    Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
    PropertyValueReference
    Physical stateNot Available
    Physical DescriptionNot Available
    Mass CompositionNot Available
    Melting Point138-140 oC
    Boiling PointNot Available
    Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
    Experimental logP0.33LAHANN,TR ET AL. (1989)
    Experimental pKa4.41
    Isoelectric pointNot Available
    ChargeNot Available
    Optical RotationNot Available
    Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
    DensityNot Available
    Refractive IndexNot Available
    Spectra
    Spectra
    Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-056r-1962000000-4f8e427392aa8e136095View in MoNA
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS)splash10-056r-2972000000-f53a7b3ac40c099e3c99View in MoNA
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9800000000-def178a40b9d8cc16724View in MoNA
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-06vi-0596000000-729a4b24107b98261cb2View in MoNA
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-056r-1962000000-4f8e427392aa8e136095View in MoNA
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-056r-2972000000-f53a7b3ac40c099e3c99View in MoNA
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-056r-1962000000-24557ef3db49c59cd5ddView in MoNA
    Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-000i-1900000000-cb0e3eb7a6d9e785a2f8View in MoNA
    Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-01w0-9352000000-0e2f11bc503dd5ce6345View in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-000i-0900000000-994a78c607c1b6a724d2View in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-00fr-4900000000-ca5ef14a72dcdf3cf9feView in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-00dl-9700000000-44f2784ec5407e93ea57View in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0019-0900000000-aafe8aee1cf8c42b941aView in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-1900000000-313fe6eb451badd5c052View in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0609-6900000000-11aa4fb169e782205ea3View in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-014i-9200000000-637a59b417fe2b2e7f58View in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-014i-9000000000-7b87b58730add4511c8aView in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0019-0900000000-aafe8aee1cf8c42b941aView in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-000i-1900000000-313fe6eb451badd5c052View in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0609-6900000000-11aa4fb169e782205ea3View in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-014i-9200000000-1bc951858c2e658a79afView in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-014i-9000000000-7b87b58730add4511c8aView in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-000i-0900000000-0c3c4c703b4b9743a521View in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-000i-0900000000-a5e048e5e58ed8e57ecdView in MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , negativesplash10-0079-0900000000-35fbf40336719c96dd3dView in MoNA
    Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014i-0900000000-57e5685e37a2d70f9ab4View in MoNA
    Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00kr-0900000000-b8470b9851db4df96b61View in MoNA
    Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-052r-3900000000-2690d7c586d4f7c3dccfView in MoNA
    Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001r-0900000000-713f0600845faa67fec3View in MoNA
    Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-01qi-0900000000-30a79a8a4d5cf0ffc864View in MoNA
    Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-05fr-2900000000-6f967f9e7f7117a9d1e4View in MoNA
    MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-000i-3900000000-b8c848b70c066282b36fView in MoNA
    1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
    1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
    1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
    1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
    1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
    2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
    2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
    ChemSpider IDNot Available
    ChEMBL IDNot Available
    KEGG Compound IDC05582
    Pubchem Compound ID1738
    Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
    ChEBI IDNot Available
    Phenol-Explorer ID574
    DrugBank IDNot Available
    HMDB IDHMDB00118
    CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
    EAFUS IDNot Available
    Dr. Duke ID4-HYDROXY-3-METHOXYPHENYLACETIC-ACID
    BIGG IDNot Available
    KNApSAcK IDC00029504
    HET IDNot Available
    Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
    VMH IDNot Available
    Flavornet IDNot Available
    GoodScent IDNot Available
    SuperScent IDNot Available
    Wikipedia IDHomovanillic acid
    Phenol-Explorer Metabolite ID574
    Duplicate IDSNot Available
    Old DFC IDSNot Available
    Associated Foods
    FoodContent Range AverageReference
    FoodReference
    Biological Effects and Interactions
    Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
    EnzymesNot Available
    PathwaysNot Available
    MetabolismNot Available
    BiosynthesisNot Available
    Organoleptic Properties
    FlavoursNot Available
    Files
    MSDSshow
    References
    Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
    General ReferenceNot Available
    Content Reference— Rothwell JA, Pérez-Jiménez J, Neveu V, Medina-Ramon A, M'Hiri N, Garcia Lobato P, Manach C, Knox K, Eisner R, Wishart D, Scalbert A. (2013) Phenol-Explorer 3.0: a major update of the Phenol-Explorer database to incorporate data on the effects of food processing on polyphenol content. Database, 10.1093/database/bat070.
    — Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
    — Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.