Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:05:45 UTC
Update date2019-11-27 17:08:57 UTC
Primary IDFDB003306
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameNonanoic acid
DescriptionFlavouring ingredient Nonanoic acid, also called pelargonic acid, is an organic compound composed of a nine-carbon chain terminating in a carboxylic acid with structural formula CH3(CH2)7COOH. Nonanoic acid forms esters—nonanoates. It is a clear, oily liquid with an unpleasant, rancid odor. Nonanoic acid is a fatty acid which occurs naturally as esters in the oil of pelargonium. Synthetic esters, such as methyl nonanoate, are used as flavorings. Nonanoic acid is found in many foods, some of which are soy bean, chinese cinnamon, rice, and rocket salad (sspecies).
CAS Number112-05-0
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
1-Nonanoic acidChEBI
1-Octanecarboxylic acidChEBI
CH3-[CH2]7-COOHChEBI
N-Nonanoic acidChEBI
NonanoateChEBI
NonansaeureChEBI
Nonoic acidChEBI
Nonylic acidChEBI
Pelargic acidChEBI
PelargonChEBI
PelargonsaeureChEBI
Pergonic acidChEBI
1-NonanoateGenerator
1-OctanecarboxylateGenerator
N-NonanoateGenerator
Nonanoic acidGenerator
NonoateGenerator
NonylateGenerator
PelargateGenerator
PergonateGenerator
PelargonateGenerator
Cirrasol 185aHMDB
Emery 1202HMDB
Emery'S L-114HMDB
Emfac 1202HMDB
Hexacid C-9HMDB
N-NonoateHMDB
N-Nonoic acidHMDB
N-NonylateHMDB
N-Nonylic acidHMDB
N-PelargonateHMDB
N-Pelargonic acidHMDB
Pelargonic acid, calcium saltHMDB
Potassium nonanoateHMDB
Pelargonic acid, cadmium saltHMDB
Pelargonic acid, sodium saltHMDB
Pelargonic acid, zinc saltHMDB
Pelargonic acid, aluminum saltHMDB
Pelargonic acid, potassium saltHMDB
FA(9:0)HMDB
Pelargonic acidChEBI
FEMA 2784db_source
Octane-1-carboxylic aciddb_source
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.28 g/LALOGPS
logP3.47ALOGPS
logP3.14ChemAxon
logS-2.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)5.23ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count7ChemAxon
Refractivity44.88 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability19.49 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC9H18O2
IUPAC namenonanoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C9H18O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9(10)11/h2-8H2,1H3,(H,10,11)
InChI KeyFBUKVWPVBMHYJY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCCCCCCCCC(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight158.238
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight158.13067982
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as medium-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 4 and 12 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentMedium-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Straight chain fatty acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateLiquid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 68.31%; H 11.46%; O 20.22%DFC
Melting PointFp 12.24°DFC
Boiling PointBp1 98.9°DFC
Experimental Water Solubility0.284 mg/mL at 20 oCRIDDICK,JA et al. (1986)
Experimental logP3.42SANGSTER (1993)
Experimental pKapKa 4.95DFC
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
Densityd204 0.91DFC
Refractive Indexn20D 1.4309DFC
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-014i-0910000000-29827f2f9240f991b625View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-014i-2920000000-8730f6690cd20a58fcfcView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-03di-9200000000-0842bd1d3fcea3f9f005View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-08ml-9000000000-f9b45b786372be8b75d6View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-014i-0930000000-30578d3edfa20cedf0e8View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-014i-0910000000-29827f2f9240f991b625View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-014i-2920000000-8730f6690cd20a58fcfcView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-014i-0910000000-2e292fa3a6e414ce582aView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-059f-9100000000-aaba2a9436e55f8d4c46View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-06du-9200000000-bffc58a95ef321200ab9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0k9l-9400000000-fb4f24d4e9b0b4685763View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0006-9000000000-a3d26c56923a3cdddf9cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0006-9000000000-a6e0c758ef2e822a5d73View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80) , Positivesplash10-03di-9200000000-0842bd1d3fcea3f9f005View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80B) , Positivesplash10-08ml-9000000000-141c2435131c4b235390View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-2ea046a2e7b029c3cd81View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-1efff6d47779ec04f434View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-6900000000-bcf3e35c2fbd86e670f0View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-056r-9000000000-9c72ae1d7f8e978ec7f8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-c052a9b360e11f6a6eb9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-2ea046a2e7b029c3cd81View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-1efff6d47779ec04f434View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0a4i-6900000000-bcf3e35c2fbd86e670f0View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-056r-9000000000-9c72ae1d7f8e978ec7f8View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-c052a9b360e11f6a6eb9View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT , negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-b56762cc671f243abe6fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0006-0900000000-2b95d53127d2c88c6b0cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-06r6-6900000000-e3f666b3dcf9b3b1c2feView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-052f-9000000000-8432ab96716adadb8d13View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-32f3915adea9c27b0b74View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0bti-1900000000-2ffdf4f1d36a54e86be1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4l-9200000000-647e33e0c7198b77f78bView in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-08ml-9000000000-e02b73fd7a397aa0b40bView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
ChemSpider ID7866
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL108436
KEGG Compound IDC01601
Pubchem Compound ID8158
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID29019
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB00847
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDCVW57-M:CVW57-M
EAFUS ID2692
Dr. Duke IDPELARGONIC-ACID|NONANOIC-ACID|N-NONANOIC-ACID
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00030829
HET IDKNA
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet ID112-05-0
GoodScent IDrw1012131
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNonanoic_acid
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
flavor48318 A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.DUKE
perfumery48318 A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.DUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
green
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
fat
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
waxy
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
dirty
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
cheese
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
cultured dairy
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Saxholt, E., et al. 'Danish food composition databank, revision 7.' Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark (2008).
— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.