Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:05:46 UTC
Update date2018-01-23 18:58:32 UTC
Primary IDFDB003361
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB030357
  • FDB007242
Chemical Information
FooDB Name2-Oxopentanedioic acid
DescriptionFlavouring ingredient Alpha-ketoglutaric acid is an important biological compound and is a key intermediate in the Krebs cycle. Alpha-ketoglutaric acid occurs naturally within cells. One of its functions is to combine with ammonia to form glutamic acid and then glutamine. Another function is to combine with nitrogen released in the cell, therefore preventing nitrogen overload. (wikipedia). 2-Oxopentanedioic acid is found in many foods, some of which are carrot, breadnut tree seed, sweet potato, and komatsuna.
CAS Number328-50-7
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
2-Ketoglutaric acidChEBI
alpha-Ketoglutaric acidChEBI
2-KetoglutarateGenerator
a-KetoglutarateGenerator
a-Ketoglutaric acidGenerator
alpha-KetoglutarateGenerator
Α-ketoglutarateGenerator
Α-ketoglutaric acidGenerator
OxoglutarateGenerator
2-oxo-1,5-PentanedioateHMDB
2-oxo-1,5-Pentanedioic acidHMDB
2-OxoglutarateHMDB
2-Oxoglutaric acidHMDB
2-OxopentanedioateHMDB
2-Oxopentanedioic acidHMDB
alpha-Ketoglutaric acid, calcium salt (2:1)HMDB
alpha-Ketoglutaric acid, sodium saltHMDB
Calcium alpha-ketoglutarateHMDB
alpha-Ketoglutaric acid, disodium saltHMDB
alpha-Ketoglutaric acid, monosodium saltHMDB
Calcium ketoglutarateHMDB
alpha-Ketoglutaric acid, diammonium saltHMDB
alpha-Ketoglutaric acid, dipotassium saltHMDB
alpha-Ketoglutaric acid, monopotassium saltHMDB
alpha-Ketoglutaric acid, potassium saltHMDB
alpha-OxoglutarateHMDB
Oxogluric acidHMDB
2 Oxoglutaric acidHMDB
Calcium alpha ketoglutarateHMDB
Ketoglutaric acidHMDB
alpha Ketoglutaric acidHMDB
alpha Ketoglutaric acid, potassium saltHMDB
2 Ketoglutaric acidHMDB
alpha KetoglutarateHMDB
alpha Ketoglutaric acid, diammonium saltHMDB
alpha Ketoglutaric acid, dipotassium saltHMDB
alpha Ketoglutaric acid, sodium saltHMDB
alpha OxoglutarateHMDB
2 KetoglutarateHMDB
alpha Ketoglutaric acid, disodium saltHMDB
alpha Ketoglutaric acid, monosodium saltHMDB
alpha-Ketoglutarate, calciumHMDB
2 OxoglutarateHMDB
Ketoglutaric acidsHMDB
OxoglutaratesHMDB
alpha Ketoglutaric acid, monopotassium saltHMDB
α-ketoglutaric acidbiospider
α-oxoglutaric acidbiospider
2-Oxo-1,5-dipentanedioic acidbiospider
2-Oxo-1,5-pentanedioatebiospider
2-Oxo-1,5-pentanedioic acidbiospider
2-Oxo-Glutaric Acidbiospider
2-oxopentanedionatebiospider
2-oxopentanedionic acidbiospider
2-Oxyglutaric Acidbiospider
305-72-6 (di-hydrochloride salt)biospider
997-43-3 (mono-potassium salt)biospider
AKGbiospider
Alpha ketoglutaratebiospider
Alpha-keto-glutaric acidbiospider
Alpha-ketoglutaratebiospider
Alpha-ketoglutaric acid alphabiospider
Alpha-oxoglutaratebiospider
alpha-Oxoglutaric acidbiospider
Alpha-oxopentanedioic acidbiospider
Alphaketoglutaric acidbiospider
Bis(L-arginin)-2-oxoglutaratbiospider
FEMA 3891db_source
Glutaric acid, &alphabiospider
Glutaric acid, 2-oxo-biospider
Glutaric acid, 2-oxo- (8CI)biospider
Glutaric acid, alpha ketobiospider
ketobiospider
Ketoglutaratebiospider
Oxoglutaric acidbiospider
Pentanedioic acid, 2-oxo-biospider
Pentanedioic acid, 2-oxo- (9CI)biospider
α-ketoglutarateGenerator
α-ketoglutaric acidGenerator
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility53.1 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.6ALOGPS
logP-0.11ChemAxon
logS-0.44ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.66ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-9.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area91.67 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity28.88 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability12.17 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC5H6O5
IUPAC name2-oxopentanedioic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C5H6O5/c6-3(5(9)10)1-2-4(7)8/h1-2H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)
InChI KeyKPGXRSRHYNQIFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)CCC(=O)C(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight146.0981
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight146.021523302
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as gamma-keto acids and derivatives. These are organic compounds containing an aldehyde substituted with a keto group on the C4 carbon atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassKeto acids and derivatives
Sub ClassGamma-keto acids and derivatives
Direct ParentGamma-keto acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Gamma-keto acid
  • Short-chain keto acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Alpha-keto acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Ketone
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 41.11%; H 4.14%; O 54.76%DFC
Melting PointMp 115°DFC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ChemSpider ID50
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL1686
KEGG Compound IDC00026
Pubchem Compound ID51
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16810
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDDB02926
HMDB IDHMDB00208
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDCWH02-C:CWH02-C
EAFUS ID2852
Dr. Duke IDALPHA-KETO-GLUTARIC-ACID
BIGG ID33565
KNApSAcK IDC00000769
HET IDAKG
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDrw1048551
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDOxoglutarate
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Tyrosine aminotransferaseTATP17735
Aspartate aminotransferase, cytoplasmicGOT1P17174
Aspartate aminotransferase, mitochondrialGOT2P00505
Aminoadipate-semialdehyde synthaseAASSA4D0W4
Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase, cytosolicBCAT1P54687
Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase, mitochondrialBCAT2O15382
Lysine-specific demethylase 2AKDM2AQ9Y2K7
Lysine-specific demethylase 2BKDM2BQ8NHM5
Alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase 2, mitochondrialAGXT2Q9BYV1
Kynurenine--oxoglutarate transaminase 3CCBL2Q6YP21
Ornithine aminotransferase, mitochondrialOATP04181
4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase, mitochondrialABATP80404
Alanine aminotransferase 1GPTP24298
Alanine aminotransferase 2GPT2Q8TD30
Prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit alpha-2P4HA2O15460
Prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit alpha-1P4HA1P13674
Prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit alpha-3P4HA3Q7Z4N8
Egl nine homolog 1EGLN1Q9GZT9
Egl nine homolog 2EGLN2Q96KS0
Egl nine homolog 3EGLN3Q9H6Z9
Transmembrane prolyl 4-hydroxylaseP4HTMQ9NXG6
Phosphoserine aminotransferasePSAT1Q9Y617
Putative aspartate aminotransferase, cytoplasmic 2GOT1L1Q8NHS2
2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, mitochondrialOGDHQ02218
2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase-like, mitochondrialOGDHLQ9ULD0
Kynurenine/alpha-aminoadipate aminotransferase, mitochondrialAADATQ8N5Z0
Kynurenine--oxoglutarate transaminase 1CCBL1Q16773
Mitochondrial 2-oxoglutarate/malate carrier proteinSLC25A11Q02978
Probable 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase E1 component DHKTD1, mitochondrialDHTKD1Q96HY7
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Alanine MetabolismSMP00055 map00250
Ammonia RecyclingSMP00009 map00910
Carnitine SynthesisSMP00465 Not Available
Citric Acid CycleSMP00057 map00020
GluconeogenesisSMP00128 map00010
Glucose-Alanine CycleSMP00127 Not Available
Glutamate MetabolismSMP00072 map00250
Glycine and Serine MetabolismSMP00004 map00260
Malate-Aspartate ShuttleSMP00129 Not Available
Phytanic Acid Peroxisomal OxidationSMP00450 Not Available
Urea CycleSMP00059 map00330
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
odorless
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.