Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:05:50 UTC
Update date2018-05-28 18:31:16 UTC
Primary IDFDB003518
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameMagnesium
DescriptionMagnesium is the chemical element with the symbol Mg, atomic number 12 and common oxidation number +2. Its ions (Mg++) are essential to all living cells, where they play a major role in manipulating important biological polyphosphate compounds like ATP, DNA, and RNA. Hundreds of enzymes thus require magnesium ions to function. [Wikipedia]. Magnesium is found in many foods, some of which are adobo, egg roll, alfalfa, and pate.
CAS Number7439-95-4
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
MAGNESIUM ionChEBI
Magnesium, doubly charged positive ionChEBI
Magnesium, ion (MG(2+))ChEBI
MG(2+)ChEBI
MG2+ChEBI
Magnesium(2+)Kegg
Magnesium ionsHMDB
Neuropeptide y (1-27)HMDB
Magnesium ionbiospider
Magnesium, ion (Mg(2+))biospider
Magnesium(II) cationbiospider
Mgmanual
Mg(2+)ChEBI
Mg++biospider
Mg2+ChEBI
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP-0.57ChemAxon
Physiological Charge2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area0 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity0 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability1.78 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaMg
IUPAC namemagnesium(2+) ion
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/Mg/q+2
InChI KeyJLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILES[Mg++]
Average Molecular Weight24.305
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight23.985041898
Classification
Description belongs to the class of inorganic compounds known as homogeneous alkaline earth metal compounds. These are inorganic compounds containing only metal atoms,with the largest atom being a alkaline earth metal atom.
KingdomInorganic compounds
Super ClassHomogeneous metal compounds
ClassHomogeneous alkaline earth metal compounds
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentHomogeneous alkaline earth metal compounds
Alternative ParentsNot Available
Substituents
  • Homogeneous alkaline earth metal
Molecular FrameworkNot Available
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting Point651 oC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
ChemSpider ID865
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC00305
Pubchem Compound ID888
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDDB01378
HMDB IDHMDB00547
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDMAGNESIUM
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDMG
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDMagnesium
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
anti aggregantDUKE
anti alcoholic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti anginal52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti anorectic50780 An agent which regulates the physiologic mechanisms that control the appetite and food intake.DUKE
anti anxiety52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti arrhythmic38070 A drug used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias. Anti-arrhythmia drugs may affect the polarisation-repolarisation phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibres.DUKE
anti arthritic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti asthmatic49167 A drug used to treat asthma.DUKE
anti atherosclerotic38070 A drug used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias. Anti-arrhythmia drugs may affect the polarisation-repolarisation phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibres.DUKE
anti cephalagic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti CFSDUKE
anti climactericDUKE
anti convulsant52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti coronary52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti depressant52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti diabetic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti dysmenorrheic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti endometrioticDUKE
anti enteroticDUKE
anti epileptic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti fatigue52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti fibromyalgic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti gastrotic55324 A drug used for its effects on the gastrointestinal system, e.g. controlling gastric acidity, regulating gastrointestinal motility and water flow, and improving digestion.DUKE
anti glaucomicDUKE
anti hyperkineticDUKE
anti hypertensive52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti hypoglycemic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti inflammatory35472 A substance that reduces or suppresses inflammation.DUKE
anti insomniac52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti lithicDUKE
anti Lyme33281 A substance that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoans.DUKE
anti mastalgicDUKE
anti menopausal52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti migraine52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti mitral-valve-prolapse52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti monosodium-glutamateDUKE
anti nephrolytic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti neuroticDUKE
anti osteoporotic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti plaqueDUKE
anti premenstrual syndrome52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti Raynaud's52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti retinopathic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti spasmodic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti spasmophilic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti stress52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti stroke52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti syndrome-X52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anxiolytic35474 Anxiolytic drugs are agents that alleviate anxiety, tension, and anxiety disorders, promote sedation, and have a calming effect without affecting clarity of consciousness or neurologic conditions.DUKE
calcium antagonist48706 Substance that attaches to and blocks cell receptors that normally bind naturally occurring substances.DUKE
cardioprotective38070 A drug used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias. Anti-arrhythmia drugs may affect the polarisation-repolarisation phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibres.DUKE
central nervous system depressant35470 A class of drugs producing both physiological and psychological effects through a variety of mechanisms involving the central nervous system.DUKE
diuretic35498 An agent that promotes the excretion of urine through its effects on kidney function.DUKE
hypocholesterolemicDUKE
hypotensiveDUKE
immunomodulator50846 Biologically active substance whose activity affects or plays a role in the functioning of the immune system.DUKE
insulinogenicDUKE
laxative50503 An agent that produces a soft formed stool, and relaxes and loosens the bowels, typically used over a protracted period, to relieve constipation. Compare with cathartic, which is a substance that accelerates defecation. A substances can be both a laxative and a cathartic.DUKE
litholyticDUKE
myorelaxantDUKE
neurotransmitter25512 An endogenous compound that is used to transmit information across the synapse between a neuron and another cell.DUKE
tranquilizerDUKE
utero relaxant52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
vasodilator35620 A drug used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.DUKE
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
6-phosphogluconolactonasePGLSO95336
Sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit beta-3ATP1B3P54709
Sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit beta-2ATP1B2P14415
Cytosolic 5'-nucleotidase 3NT5C3Q9H0P0
Rho-related GTP-binding protein RhoURHOUQ7L0Q8
DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyaseAPEX1P27695
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Saxholt, E., et al. 'Danish food composition databank, revision 7.' Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark (2008).
— U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2008. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page.
— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).