Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:08:55 UTC
Update date2018-01-23 19:08:27 UTC
Primary IDFDB010033
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NamePentadecanoic acid
DescriptionA fatty acid of exogenous (primarily ruminant) origin. Many "odd" length long chain amino acids are derived from the consumption of dairy fats (milk and meat). Pentadecanoic acid constitutes 1.05% of milk fat and 0.43% of ruminant meat fat. The content of heptadecanoic acid in the subcutaneous adipose tissue of humans appears to be a good biological marker of long-term milk fat intake in free-living individuals in populations with high consumption of dairy products. (PMID 9701185; PMID 11238766). Pentadecanoic acid is found in many foods, some of which are common bean, coriander, pepper (c. annuum), and hamburger.
CAS Number1002-84-2
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
15:00ChEBI
C15ChEBI
C15:0ChEBI
N-Pentadecanoic acidChEBI
Pentadecylic acidChEBI
N-PentadecanoateGenerator
PentadecylateGenerator
PentadecanoateGenerator
N-PentadecylateHMDB
N-Pentadecylic acidHMDB
PentadecyclateHMDB
Pentadecyclic acidHMDB
Pentadecanoic acidMeSH
123I-15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-R,S-methylpentadecanoic acidbiospider
I-123 BMIPPbiospider
I-123-beta-methyl-p-iodophenyl-methylpentadecanoic acidbiospider
N-pentadecanoatebiospider
N-pentadecanoic acidbiospider
N-pentadecylatebiospider
N-pentadecylic acidbiospider
Pentadecanoic (palmitic) acidbiospider
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00033 g/LALOGPS
logP6.65ALOGPS
logP5.81ChemAxon
logS-5.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count13ChemAxon
Refractivity72.48 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability32.23 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC15H30O2
IUPAC namepentadecanoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C15H30O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15(16)17/h2-14H2,1H3,(H,16,17)
InChI KeyWQEPLUUGTLDZJY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight242.3975
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight242.224580204
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 13 and 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentLong-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Long-chain fatty acid
  • Straight chain fatty acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting Point52.3 oC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ChemSpider ID13249
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL460025
KEGG Compound IDC16537
Pubchem Compound ID13849
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID42504
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB00826
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS ID2893
Dr. Duke IDPENTADECANOIC-ACID
BIGG ID215864
KNApSAcK IDC00007423
HET IDF15
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDrw1272411
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
antioxidant22586 A substance that opposes oxidation or inhibits reactions brought about by dioxygen or peroxides. In European countries, E-numbers for permitted antioxidant food additives are from E 300 to E 324.DUKE
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Liver carboxylesterase 1CES1P23141
Pancreatic triacylglycerol lipasePNLIPP16233
Hepatic triacylglycerol lipaseLIPCP11150
Inactive pancreatic lipase-related protein 1PNLIPRP1P54315
Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3PNPLA3Q9NST1
Gastric triacylglycerol lipaseLIPFP07098
Endothelial lipaseLIPGQ9Y5X9
Pancreatic lipase-related protein 2PNLIPRP2P54317
Lipoprotein lipaseLPLP06858
Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 4PNPLA4P41247
Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 2PNPLA2Q96AD5
Pancreatic lipase-related protein 3PNLIPRP3Q17RR3
CholinesteraseBCHEP06276
Carboxylesterase 5ACES5AQ6NT32
60 kDa lysophospholipaseASPGQ86U10
Fatty acid synthaseFASNP49327
Galactoside-binding soluble lectin 13LGALS13Q9UHV8
Eosinophil lysophospholipaseCLCQ05315
Cocaine esteraseCES2O00748
Acylphosphatase-2ACYP2P14621
Acylphosphatase-1ACYP1P07311
AspartoacylaseASPAP45381
Aspartoacylase-2ACY3Q96HD9
Acid ceramidaseASAH1Q13510
Homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 1HIPK1Q86Z02
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammaPPARGP37231
Long-chain fatty acid transport protein 6SLC27A6Q9Y2P4
Long-chain fatty acid transport protein 3SLC27A3Q5K4L6
Long-chain fatty acid transport protein 4SLC27A4Q6P1M0
Putative neutral ceramidase CASAH2CP0C7U2
Alkaline ceramidase 2ACER2Q5QJU3
Neutral ceramidaseASAH2Q9NR71
Alkaline ceramidase 1ACER1Q8TDN7
Neuropathy target esterasePNPLA6Q8IY17
Carboxylesterase 3CES3Q6UWW8
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
waxy
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Saxholt, E., et al. 'Danish food composition databank, revision 7.' Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark (2008).
— U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2008. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page.
— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.