Canmetcon
Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:09:11 UTC
Update date2018-05-28 23:28:24 UTC
Primary IDFDB010558
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NamePhenylacetic acid
DescriptionFound in essential oils, e.g. neroli, rose oil, free and as estersand is also present in grapes, raspberry, strawberry, cherimoya, other fruits, cheddar cheese, Swiss cheese, wine, black tea, peated malt and other foodstuffs. Flavouring ingredient Phenyl acetate (or phenylacetate) is a carboxylic acid ester that has been found in the biofluids of patients with nephritis and/or hepatitis as well as patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). Excess phenylalanine in the body can be disposed of through a transamination process leading to the production of phenylpyruvate. The phenylpyruvate can be further metabolized into a number of products. Decarboxylation of phenylpyruvate gives phenylacetate, while a reduction reaction gives phenyllactate. The phenylacetate can be further conjugated with glutamine to give phenylacetyl glutamine. All of these metabolites can be detected in serum and urine of PKU patients. Phenyl acetate is also produced endogenously as the metabolite of 2-Phenylethylamine, which is mainly metabolized by monoamine oxidase to form phenyl acetate. 2-phenylethylamine is an "endogenous amphetamine" which may modulate central adrenergic functions, and the urinary phenyl acetate levels have been postulated as a marker for depression. (PMID: 17978765, 476920, 6857245). Phenylacetate is also found in essential oils, e.g. neroli, rose oil, free and as esters' and in many fruits. As a result it is used as a perfumery and flavoring ingredient.; Phenylacetic acid (abr. PAA and synonyms are: ?-toluic acid, benzeneacetic acid, alpha tolylic acid, 2-phenylacetic acid) is an organic compound containing a phenyl functional group and an acetic acid functional group. It is a white solid with a disagreeable odor. Because it is used in the illicit production of phenylacetone (used in the manufacture of meth/amphetamines), it is subject to controls in the United States.
CAS Number103-82-2
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
2-PHENYLACETIC ACIDChEBI
2-Phenylethanoic acidChEBI
alpha-Toluic acidChEBI
Benzeneacetic acidChEBI
Benzylformic acidChEBI
Omega-phenylacetic acidChEBI
PAChEBI
PhenylacetateKegg
2-PHENYLACETateGenerator
2-PhenylethanoateGenerator
a-ToluateGenerator
a-Toluic acidGenerator
alpha-ToluateGenerator
Α-toluateGenerator
Α-toluic acidGenerator
BenzeneacetateGenerator
BenzylformateGenerator
Omega-phenylacetateGenerator
PhenylethanoateHMDB
Phenylethanoic acidHMDB
W-PhenylacetateHMDB
W-Phenylacetic acidHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, potassium saltHMDB
Sodium phenylacetateHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, lithium saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, sodium saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, ammonium saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, calcium saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, cesium saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, mercury saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, rubidium saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, sodium salt , carboxy-(11)C-labeled CPDHMDB
2-Phenylacetatebiospider
2-Phenylacetic acidbiospider
alpha-Tolylic acidbiospider
Benzenacetic acidbiospider
Benzeneacetic acid, 9CIdb_source
Benzylcarboxylic acidbiospider
FEMA 2878db_source
omega-Phenylacetatebiospider
omega-Phenylacetic acidbiospider
Phenyl-acetic acidbiospider
Phenyllacetic acidbiospider
α-toluateGenerator
α-toluic acidGenerator
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.61 g/LALOGPS
logP1.72ALOGPS
logP1.61ChemAxon
logS-1.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.55ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity37.37 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.85 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC8H8O2
IUPAC name2-phenylacetic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C8H8O2/c9-8(10)6-7-4-2-1-3-5-7/h1-5H,6H2,(H,9,10)
InChI KeyWLJVXDMOQOGPHL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)CC1=CC=CC=C1
Average Molecular Weight136.1479
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight136.0524295
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as benzene and substituted derivatives. These are aromatic compounds containing one monocyclic ring system consisting of benzene.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentBenzene and substituted derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 70.58%; H 5.92%; O 23.50%DFC
Melting PointMp 77-78.5°DFC
Boiling PointBp0.01 65-70°DFC
Experimental Water Solubility16.6 mg/mL at 20 oCCHIOU,CT et al. (1977)
Experimental logP1.41HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Experimental pKapKa 4.31 (H2O)DFC
Isoelectric pointNot Available
Charge-1
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-0006-9700000000-c07461cdad68959aa53fView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9100000000-de65c7c0092343a4e599View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9700000000-c07461cdad68959aa53fView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0006-9700000000-43e86e45beae2fa6704fView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-9200000000-dc43e5e062b0ed500c5fView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-9100000000-aaef76d181aebe492bbeView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80B) , Positivesplash10-0006-9100000000-de65c7c0092343a4e599View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-6ca33b098558bf13801cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , negativesplash10-000i-0900000000-f898aafe4cecc87d26f1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00kr-2900000000-94a6f40f937bf9d7e4c7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0006-9500000000-8d3540e40bfc0e4c0e5fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-417ad1f13a593ac780b9View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000l-5900000000-0ed04a623daaf32fffdaView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000l-8900000000-709928d6b823240d3528View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-00kf-9600000000-4a7739132344f3dec710View in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0006-9100000000-1e23fd8e6ce900cd8e4cView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
ChemSpider ID10181341
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL1044
KEGG Compound IDC07086
Pubchem Compound ID999
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID30745
Phenol-Explorer ID956
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB00209
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDFDG02-B:FDG02-B
EAFUS ID2993
Dr. Duke IDPHENYLACETIC-ACID
BIGG ID1486426
KNApSAcK IDC00000750
HET IDPAC
Flavornet ID103-82-2
GoodScent IDrw1009911
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDPhenylacetic_acid
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite ID956
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
flavor48318 A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.DUKE
perfumery48318 A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.DUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
honey
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
  2. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
flower
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
sweet
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
floral
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
honeysuckle
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
sour
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
waxy
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
civet
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.