Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:09:57 UTC
Update date2018-05-28 23:33:22 UTC
Primary IDFDB012027
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB030804
Chemical Information
FooDB NameDecanoic acid
DescriptionWidespread in plant oils and as glycerides in seed oilsand is also present in apple, apricot, banana, morello cherry, citrus fruits, cheese, butter, white wine, Japanese whiskey, peated malt, wort and scallops. It is used as a defoamer, lubricant and citrus fruit coating. Salts (Na, K, Mg, Ca, Al) used as binders, emulsifiers and anticaking agents in food manuf. Decanoic acid is found in many foods, some of which are radish (variety), meatball, phyllo dough, and american shad.
CAS Number334-48-5
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
1-Nonanecarboxylic acidChEBI
10:0ChEBI
C10:0ChEBI
Caprinic acidChEBI
CH3-[CH2]8-COOHChEBI
DecanoateChEBI
Decoic acidChEBI
Decylic acidChEBI
DekansaeureChEBI
KaprinsaeureChEBI
N-Capric acidChEBI
N-Decanoic acidChEBI
N-Decoic acidChEBI
N-Decylic acidChEBI
1-NonanecarboxylateGenerator
CaprinateGenerator
Decanoic acidGenerator
DecoateGenerator
DecylateGenerator
N-CaprateGenerator
N-DecanoateGenerator
N-DecoateGenerator
N-DecylateGenerator
CaprateGenerator
CaprynateHMDB
Caprynic acidHMDB
Emery 659HMDB
Lunac 10-95HMDB
Lunac 10-98HMDB
Prifac 2906HMDB
Prifac 296HMDB
Decanoic acid, sodium saltHMDB
Sodium caprateHMDB
Sodium decanoateHMDB
FA(10:0)HMDB
1-Decanoic acidbiospider
Capric aciddb_source
Decoic acid (obsol.)db_source
FEMA 2364db_source
Nonane-1-carboxylic acidbiospider
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.095 g/LALOGPS
logP3.93ALOGPS
logP3.59ChemAxon
logS-3.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity49.48 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability21.61 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC10H20O2
IUPAC namedecanoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C10H20O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10(11)12/h2-9H2,1H3,(H,11,12)
InChI KeyGHVNFZFCNZKVNT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCCCCCCCCCC(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight172.2646
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight172.146329884
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as medium-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 4 and 12 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentMedium-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Straight chain fatty acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 69.72%; H 11.70%; O 18.58%DFC
Melting PointMp 31.5°DFC
Boiling PointBp11 148-150°DFC
Experimental Water Solubility0.0618 mg/mL at 25 oCYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
Experimental logP4.09HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Experimental pKa4.9
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
Densityd440 0.89DFC
Refractive Indexn40D 1.4288DFC
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ChemSpider ID2863
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL107498
KEGG Compound IDC01571
Pubchem Compound ID2969
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID30813
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDDB03600
HMDB IDHMDB00511
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDHCQ58-J:HCQ58-J
EAFUS ID834
Dr. Duke IDN-CAPRIC-ACID|CAPRIC-ACID|DECANOIC-ACID|CAPRINIC-ACID
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00001213
HET IDDKA
Flavornet ID334-48-5
GoodScent IDrw1007741
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDDecanoic acid
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
flavor48318 A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.DUKE
fungicide24127 A substance used to destroy fungal pests.DUKE
irritantDUKE
nematicide25491 A substance used to destroy pests of the phylum Nematoda (roundworms).DUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
anti bacterial33282 A substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.CHEBI
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Peroxisomal carnitine O-octanoyltransferaseCROTQ9UKG9
Carnitine O-palmitoyltransferase 2, mitochondrialCPT2P23786
Mitochondrial carnitine/acylcarnitine carrier proteinSLC25A20O43772
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Beta Oxidation of Very Long Chain Fatty AcidsSMP00052 map01040
Fatty Acid BiosynthesisSMP00456 Not Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
rancid
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
  2. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
fat
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
unpleasant
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
sour
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
fatty
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
citrus
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Saxholt, E., et al. 'Danish food composition databank, revision 7.' Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark (2008).
— U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2008. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page.
— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.