Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:09:58 UTC
Update date2019-11-27 17:19:55 UTC
Primary IDFDB012052
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameCinnamic acid
Descriptiontrans-Cinnamic acid, also known as (e)-cinnamic acid or (2E)-3-phenylacrylate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cinnamic acids. These are organic aromatic compounds containing a benzene and a carboxylic acid group forming 3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid. trans-Cinnamic acid is a weakly acidic compound (based on its pKa). trans-Cinnamic acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. trans-Cinnamic acid is a sweet, balsam, and honey tasting compound. trans-Cinnamic acid is found, on average, in the highest concentration in sweet basils and sunflowers. trans-Cinnamic acid has also been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as banana, horseradish, limes, common salsifies, and oil-seed camellia. This could make trans-cinnamic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. trans-Cinnamic acid is a potentially toxic compound.
CAS Number621-82-9
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(2E)-3-Phenyl-2-propenoic acidChEBI
(2E)-3-Phenylacrylic acidChEBI
(e)-3-Phenyl-2-propenoic acidChEBI
(e)-CinnamateChEBI
(e)-Cinnamic acidChEBI
Benzeneacrylic acidChEBI
PHENYLETHYLENECARBOXYLIC ACIDChEBI
trans-3-Phenylacrylic acidChEBI
trans-beta-CarboxystyreneChEBI
trans-CinnamateChEBI
trans-ZimtsaeureChEBI
(2E)-3-Phenyl-2-propenoateGenerator
(2E)-3-PhenylacrylateGenerator
(e)-3-Phenyl-2-propenoateGenerator
BenzeneacrylateGenerator
PHENYLETHYLENECARBOXYLateGenerator
trans-3-PhenylacrylateGenerator
trans-b-CarboxystyreneGenerator
trans-Β-carboxystyreneGenerator
(2E)-2-Phenyl-2-propenoateHMDB
(2E)-2-Phenyl-2-propenoic acidHMDB
(e)-3-PhenylacrylateHMDB
(e)-3-Phenylacrylic acidHMDB
(e)-3-Phenylprop-2-enoateHMDB
(e)-3-Phenylprop-2-enoic acidHMDB
trans-3-Phenyl-2-propenoateHMDB
trans-3-Phenyl-2-propenoic acidHMDB
Cinnamic acid, 14C-labeled CPDHMDB
Cinnamic acid, 2-(14)C-labeled CPDHMDB
Cinnamic acid, 3-(14)C-labeled CPDHMDB
Cinnamic acid, (Z)-isomerHMDB
Cinnamic acid, 2-(13)C-labeled CPDHMDB
Cinnamic acid, 3H-labeled CPD (e)-isomerHMDB
Cinnamic acid, 3H-labeled CPD (Z)-isomerHMDB
Cinnamic acid, ion(1-)-(e)-isomerHMDB
Cinnamic acid, sodium saltHMDB
Cinnamic acid, sodium salt(e)-isomerHMDB
Cinnamic acid, sodium salt(Z)-isomerHMDB
Cinnamic acid, (trans)-(e)-isomerHMDB
Cinnamic acid, 14C-labeled CPD (e)-isomerHMDB
Cinnamic acid, ion(1-)HMDB
Cinnamic acid, nickel (+2) saltHMDB
Cinnamic acid, potassium saltHMDB
Cinnamic acid, zinc salt(e)-isomerHMDB
Cinnamic acid, 13C-labeled CPDHMDB
Cinnamic acidHMDB
(2E)-3-Phenylprop-2-enoic acidHMDB
(2E)-Cinnamic acidHMDB
3-Phenyl-(E)-2-propenoic acidHMDB
3-Phenyl-2-propenoic acidHMDB
3-Phenylacrylic acidHMDB
Phenylacrylic acidHMDB
beta-Phenylacrylic acidHMDB
trans-Cinnamic acidHMDB
β-Phenylacrylic acidHMDB
(2Z)-3-Phenyl-2-propenoateGenerator
(2Z)-3-PhenylacrylateGenerator
(Z)-3-Phenyl-2-propenoateGenerator
(Z)-CinnamateGenerator
β-Phenylacrylic acidbiospider
2-Propenoic acid, 3-phenyl-biospider
3-Phenyl-2-propenoatebiospider
3-Phenyl-acrylatebiospider
3-Phenyl-acrylic acidbiospider
3-Phenylacrylatebiospider
3-Phenylprop-2-enoic acidbiospider
3-Phenylpropenoatebiospider
3-Phenylpropenoic acidbiospider
b-Phenylacrylic acidbiospider
Benzenepropenoatebiospider
Benzenepropenoic acidbiospider
Benzylideneacetic acidbiospider
Cinnamatebiospider
Cinnamic acid, 8CIdb_source
Cinnamylic acidbiospider
cis-b-CarboxystyreneGenerator
cis-CinnamateGenerator
cis-ZimtsaeureChEBI
cis-β-carboxystyreneGenerator
FEMA 2288db_source
Phenylacrylatebiospider
Phenylethylenecarboxylic acidbiospider
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP2.14ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.51ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity43.06 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability15.43 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC9H8O2
IUPAC name(2E)-3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C9H8O2/c10-9(11)7-6-8-4-2-1-3-5-8/h1-7H,(H,10,11)/b7-6-
InChI KeyWBYWAXJHAXSJNI-SREVYHEPSA-N
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)\C=C/C1=CC=CC=C1
Average Molecular Weight148.1586
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight148.0524295
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cinnamic acids. These are organic aromatic compounds containing a benzene and a carboxylic acid group forming 3-phenylprop-2-enoic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassCinnamic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassCinnamic acids
Direct ParentCinnamic acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cinnamic acid
  • Styrene
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 72.96%; H 5.44%; O 21.60%DFC
Melting Point132-135 oC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water Solubility0.57 mg/mL at 25 oCYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
Experimental logP2.13HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Experimental pKa4.44
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (1 TMS)splash10-0ue9-0910000000-4a7bcdfadd383bf577dcView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (1 TMS)splash10-0fb9-6920000000-727a2eb761e6e52fb47dView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-117i-2920000000-f0d9ccc40786362ae4adView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0ue9-0910000000-4a7bcdfadd383bf577dcView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0fb9-6920000000-727a2eb761e6e52fb47dView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-117i-2920000000-f0d9ccc40786362ae4adView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0ue9-2900000000-b105b3fcb63636d0d16fView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0fl0-7930000000-f3ac0a061fb66ec84b5dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-0900000000-3107a2a1bec368528f82View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0ufr-6900000000-b0299d34fa9bb16b8258View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0udi-0900000000-4a879de8ea4f3acb0ae2View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-88ad8c9c837a057bb2a5View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-18280fe18e43043d9e21View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0fb9-9600000000-04d36ba7639bc85e2023View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-a8417274c4493c5b5871View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-d3712417826a69667981View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-0002-0900000000-37c486fa03918355413cView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-0f6t-0900000000-218a5babf0ab7c31c498View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-88ad8c9c837a057bb2a5View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-e3a4fcaa911f14d3790dView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0fb9-9600000000-04d36ba7639bc85e2023View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-a8417274c4493c5b5871View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-004i-9100000000-d3712417826a69667981View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0f6t-0900000000-218a5babf0ab7c31c498View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-f095c04fe81b2890cb1aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-1bb9599f57d5b1c1688bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , positivesplash10-0002-0900000000-37c486fa03918355413cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000t-0900000000-f5b771d960092fa83d2cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0uea-0900000000-58b4769b89ab3883fb05View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0udi-6900000000-9f4710d90f0cafac6d7bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-d015607beb5136324414View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0f6t-0900000000-ff32add65ca52cbaae83View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0fb9-3900000000-f2450299b70c3ec0faecView in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0f6t-6900000000-77686ecc684f3b46bea6View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
ChemSpider ID10286933
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC10438
Pubchem Compound ID5372954
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27386
Phenol-Explorer ID549
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB00567
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDHCV54-E:HCV54-E
EAFUS ID644
Dr. Duke IDCINNAMIC-ACID
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00029961
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDrw1350711
SuperScent ID444539
Wikipedia IDCinnamic acid
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
aldose reductase inhibitor48550 An EC 1.1.1.* (oxidoreductase acting on donor CH-OH group, NAD(+) or NADP(+) acceptor) inhibitor that interferes with the action of aldehyde reductase (EC 1.1.1.21).DUKE
allergenic50904 A chemical compound which causes the onset of an allergic reaction by interacting with any of the molecular pathways involved in an allergy.DUKE
anestheticDUKE
anti bacterial33282 A substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.DUKE
anti inflammatory35472 A substance that reduces or suppresses inflammation.DUKE
anti mutagenicDUKE
anti spasmodic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
cancer preventive35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
cholereticDUKE
dermatitigenicDUKE
flavor48318 A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.DUKE
fungicide24127 A substance used to destroy fungal pests.DUKE
herbicide24527 A substance used to destroy plant pests.DUKE
laxative50503 An agent that produces a soft formed stool, and relaxes and loosens the bowels, typically used over a protracted period, to relieve constipation. Compare with cathartic, which is a substance that accelerates defecation. A substances can be both a laxative and a cathartic.DUKE
lipoxygenase inhibitor35856 A compound or agent that combines with lipoxygenase and thereby prevents its substrate-enzyme combination with arachidonic acid and the formation of the icosanoid products hydroxyicosatetraenoic acid and various leukotrienes.DUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
tyrosinase inhibitor59997 Any EC 1.14.18.* (oxidoreductase acting on paired donors, miscellaneous compound as one donor, incorporating 1 atom of oxygen) inhibitor that interferes with the action of tyrosinase (monophenol monooxygenase), EC 1.14.18.1, an enzyme that catalyses the oxidation of phenols (such as tyrosine) and is widespread in plants and animals.DUKE
vermifuge25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
cinnamon
  1. Dunkel, M. et al. SuperScent – a database of flavors and scents. Nucleic Acids Research 2008, doi:10.1093/nar/gkn695
honey
  1. Dunkel, M. et al. SuperScent – a database of flavors and scents. Nucleic Acids Research 2008, doi:10.1093/nar/gkn695
balsam
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
sweet
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
storax
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Rothwell JA, Pérez-Jiménez J, Neveu V, Medina-Ramon A, M'Hiri N, Garcia Lobato P, Manach C, Knox K, Eisner R, Wishart D, Scalbert A. (2013) Phenol-Explorer 3.0: a major update of the Phenol-Explorer database to incorporate data on the effects of food processing on polyphenol content. Database, 10.1093/database/bat070.
— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).