Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:10:04 UTC
Update date2015-10-09 22:31:54 UTC
Primary IDFDB012250
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB030441
Chemical Information
FooDB Name3-Methyl-2-oxobutanoic acid
DescriptionFlavouring ingredient for use in butter-type flavours. Found in banana, bread, cheeses, asparagus, beer and cocoa Alpha-ketoisovaleric acid is a branched chain organic acid which is a precursor to leucine and valine synthesis. It is also a degradation product from valine. The enzyme dihydroxy-acid dehydratase catalyzes the fourth step in the biosynthesis of isoleucine and valine, through the dehydration of 2, 3-dihydroxy-isovaleic acid into alpha-ketoisovaleric acid.
CAS Number759-05-7
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
2-Keto-3-methylbutyric acidChEBI
2-Ketoisovaleric acidChEBI
2-KetovalineChEBI
2-oxo-3-Methylbutanoic acidChEBI
2-oxo-3-Methylbutyric acidChEBI
2-Oxoisovaleric acidChEBI
3-Methyl-2-oxobutanoateChEBI
3-Methyl-2-oxobutyric acidChEBI
alpha-Keto-isovaleric acidChEBI
alpha-KetovalineChEBI
alpha-oxo-beta-MethylbutyricacidChEBI
alpha-Oxoisovaleric acidChEBI
Dimethylpyruvic acidChEBI
Isopropylglyoxylic acidChEBI
2-oxo-3-MethylbutanoateKegg
2-OxoisovalerateKegg
2-OxoisopentanoateKegg
2-Keto-3-methylbutyrateGenerator
2-KetoisovalerateGenerator
2-oxo-3-MethylbutyrateGenerator
3-Methyl-2-oxobutanoic acidGenerator
3-Methyl-2-oxobutyrateGenerator
a-Keto-isovalerateGenerator
a-Keto-isovaleric acidGenerator
alpha-Keto-isovalerateGenerator
Α-keto-isovalerateGenerator
Α-keto-isovaleric acidGenerator
a-KetovalineGenerator
Α-ketovalineGenerator
a-oxo-b-MethylbutyricacidGenerator
Α-oxo-β-methylbutyricacidGenerator
a-OxoisovalerateGenerator
a-Oxoisovaleric acidGenerator
alpha-OxoisovalerateGenerator
Α-oxoisovalerateGenerator
Α-oxoisovaleric acidGenerator
DimethylpyruvateGenerator
IsopropylglyoxylateGenerator
2-Oxoisopentanoic acidGenerator
a-KetoisovalerateGenerator
a-Ketoisovaleric acidGenerator
alpha-KetoisovalerateGenerator
Α-ketoisovalerateGenerator
Α-ketoisovaleric acidGenerator
2-Ketoisvaleric acidHMDB
2-oxo-3-Methyl-butyrateHMDB
3-Methyl-2-oxo-butanoateHMDB
3-Methyl-2-oxo-butanoic acidHMDB
3-Methyl-2-oxo-butyrateHMDB
3-Methyl-2-oxo-butyric acidHMDB
3-Methyl-2-oxobutinoateHMDB
3-Methyl-2-oxobutinoic acidHMDB
a-Keto-b-methylbutyrateHMDB
a-Keto-b-methylbutyric acidHMDB
a-oxo-b-MethylbutyrateHMDB
a-oxo-b-Methylbutyric acidHMDB
alpha-Keto-beta-methylbutyrateHMDB
alpha-Keto-beta-methylbutyric acidHMDB
alpha-oxo-beta-MethylbutyrateHMDB
alpha-oxo-beta-Methylbutyric acidHMDB
KetovalineHMDB
alpha-Ketoisopentanoic acidHMDB
alpha-Ketoisovaleric acidGenerator, MeSH
2-keto-3-Methylbutyratebiospider
2-keto-3-Methylbutyric acidChEBI
2-KETO-ISOVALERATEbiospider
2-Oxo-3-methylbutanoic acidbiospider
2-Oxo-3-methylbutyratebiospider
2-Oxo-3-methylbutyric acidbiospider
3-methyl-2-oxo-Butanoatebiospider
3-methyl-2-oxo-Butanoic acidbiospider
3-methyl-2-oxo-Butyratebiospider
3-methyl-2-oxo-Butyric acidbiospider
A-keto-b-methylbutyratebiospider
A-keto-b-methylbutyric acidbiospider
A-keto-isovaleratebiospider
A-keto-isovaleric acidbiospider
A-ketoisovaleratebiospider
A-oxo-b-methylbutyratebiospider
A-oxo-b-methylbutyric acidbiospider
A-oxoisovaleratebiospider
A-oxoisovaleric acidbiospider
Alpha-keto-beta-methylbutyratebiospider
Alpha-keto-beta-methylbutyric acidbiospider
Alpha-keto-isovaleratebiospider
Alpha-keto-isovaleric acidbiospider
Alpha-keto-valinebiospider
Alpha-ketoisopentanoic acidbiospider
Alpha-ketoisovaleratebiospider
Alpha-ketoisovaleric acidbiospider
Alpha-oxo-beta-methylbutyratebiospider
Alpha-oxo-beta-methylbutyric acidbiospider
Alpha-oxoisovaleratebiospider
Alpha-oxoisovaleric acidbiospider
Butanoic acid, 3-methyl-2-oxo-biospider
FEMA 3869db_source
KIVbiospider
α-keto-isovalerateGenerator
α-keto-isovaleric acidGenerator
α-ketovalineGenerator
α-oxo-β-methylbutyricacidGenerator
α-oxoisovalerateGenerator
α-oxoisovaleric acidGenerator
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility30.2 g/LALOGPS
logP0.49ALOGPS
logP1.31ChemAxon
logS-0.59ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.37ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-9.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area54.37 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity27.19 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.04 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC5H8O3
IUPAC name3-methyl-2-oxobutanoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C5H8O3/c1-3(2)4(6)5(7)8/h3H,1-2H3,(H,7,8)
InChI KeyQHKABHOOEWYVLI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCC(C)C(=O)C(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight116.1152
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight116.047344122
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as short-chain keto acids and derivatives. These are keto acids with an alkyl chain the contains less than 6 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassKeto acids and derivatives
Sub ClassShort-chain keto acids and derivatives
Direct ParentShort-chain keto acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Branched fatty acid
  • Methyl-branched fatty acid
  • Short-chain keto acid
  • Alpha-keto acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Ketone
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 51.72%; H 6.94%; O 41.34%DFC
Melting PointMp 31°DFC
Boiling PointBp 170.5°DFC
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ChemSpider ID48
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL146554
KEGG Compound IDC00141
Pubchem Compound ID49
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16530
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDDB04074
HMDB IDHMDB00019
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDHFL26-U:HFL26-U
EAFUS ID2433
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG ID34011
KNApSAcK IDC00007623
HET IDKIV
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDrw1047091
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase, cytosolicBCAT1P54687
Branched-chain-amino-acid aminotransferase, mitochondrialBCAT2O15382
Pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component subunit beta, mitochondrialPDHBP11177
Pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component subunit alpha, somatic form, mitochondrialPDHA1P08559
Pyruvate dehydrogenase E1 component subunit alpha, testis-specific form, mitochondrialPDHA2P29803
2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase subunit beta, mitochondrialBCKDHBP21953
Dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, mitochondrialDLATP10515
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Valine, Leucine and Isoleucine DegradationSMP00032 map00280
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
fruity
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference