Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:10:10 UTC
Update date2018-05-28 23:36:48 UTC
Primary IDFDB012440
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB Name3-Isothiocyanato-1-propene
DescriptionChief constituent of natural mustard oiland is also found in cooked cabbage, horseradish, etc. Flavouring ingredient. Potential nutriceutical Allyl isothiocyanate is a volatile organic compound. Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) is a constituent of mustard, horseradish and wasabi and certain vegetables found in the human diet, mostly in cruciferous vegetables. AITC is a colorless to pale yellow liquid that is slightly soluble in water, but well soluble in most organic solvents. AITC possesses numerous biochemical and physiological activities. It is cytotoxic and tumorigenic at high doses and also is a modulator of enzymes involved in metabolism of xenobiotics, including carcinogens. It is plausible that the wide consumption of dietary AITC may have profound effects on human health. oxidative DNA damage may play important roles in carcinogenic processes induced by AITC. Allergic contact dermatitis from AICT is well known but infrequently reported. AITC is occasionally found as a volatile component of normal human biofluids. (PMID: 5556886, 8222057, 8000299, 10754276, 15373848); Allyl isothiocyanate is mildly toxic with LD50 of 151 mg/kg but is a dangerous lachrymator.
CAS Number57-06-7
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
2-Propenyl isothiocyanateChEBI
3-Isothiocyanato-1-propeneChEBI
AITChEBI
AITCChEBI
Allyl isosulfocyanateChEBI
Allyl mustard oilChEBI
AllylsenfoelChEBI
Isothiocyanate d'allyleChEBI
Isothiocyanic acid allyl esterChEBI
Mustard oilChEBI
Oil OF mustardChEBI
Oleum sinapisChEBI
Senf oelChEBI
Volatile mustard oilChEBI
Volatile oil OF mustardChEBI
2-Propenyl isothiocyanic acidGenerator
Allyl isosulfocyanic acidGenerator
Allyl isosulphocyanateGenerator
Allyl isosulphocyanic acidGenerator
Isothiocyanic acid d'allyleGenerator
Isothiocyanate allyl esterGenerator
Allyl isothiocyanic acidGenerator
3-Iso-thiocyanatoprop-1-eneHMDB
3-Isothiocyanatoprop-1-eneHMDB
Allyl isothiocyanate (natural)HMDB
Allyl isothiocyanate non-perfume gradeHMDB
Allyl sevenolumHMDB
AllylsenevolHMDB
AllylsevenolumHMDB
AllyspolHMDB
Artificial mustard oilHMDB
CarbospolHMDB
Caswell no. 027HMDB
FEMA no. 2034HMDB
IsothiocyansaeureallylesterHMDB
Oleum sinapis volatileHMDB
RedskinHMDB
SenfoelHMDB
Synthetic mustard oilHMDB
1-Propene, 3-isothiocyanato-biospider
3-iso-Thiocyanatoprop-1-enebiospider
3-isothiocyanatoprop-1-enebiospider
3-isothiocyanatopropenebiospider
AITKbiospider
Allyl isorhodanidebiospider
Allyl isothiocyanatebiospider
Allyl isothiocyanate (usp)biospider
Allyl isothiocyanate [usan]biospider
Allyl isothiocyanate, inhibitedbiospider
Allyl isothiocyanate, non-perfume gradebiospider
Allyl isothiocyanate, stabilized [UN1545] [Poison]biospider
Allyl isothiocyanate, USANdb_source
Allyl thiocarbonimidebiospider
Allyl thioisocyanatebiospider
Allylisothiokyanatbiospider
Allyspol 75ECdb_source
Artificial oil of mustardbiospider
Brassica seed oilbiospider
Essential oils, mustardbiospider
Fats and glyceridic oils, mustardbiospider
FEMA 2034db_source
Isothiocyanato-1-propenebiospider
Isothiocyanic acid, allyl esterbiospider
Isothiocyanic acid,allyl esterbiospider
Mustard essential oilsbiospider
Mustard oil (van)biospider
Mustard oil, volatilebiospider
Mustard oil, volatile, syntheticbiospider
Mustard seed oilbiospider
Mustard, brown (brassica SPP.)biospider
Mustard, yellow (brassica SPP.)biospider
Oil of mustardbiospider
Oil of mustard BPC 1949biospider
Oil of mustard, artificialbiospider
Oil of mustard, expressedbiospider
Oils, brassica albabiospider
Oils, brassica nigrabiospider
Oils, essential, mustardbiospider
Oils, glyceridic, mustardbiospider
Oils, mustardbiospider
Ol eum sinapis volatilebiospider
Potassium allyl isothiocyanatebiospider
Potassium, (1-isothiocyanato-2-propenyl)-biospider
Propene, 3-isothiocyanato-biospider
Propenyl isothiocyanatebiospider
Senf oel (german)biospider
Senfoel (german)biospider
Volatile oil of mustardbiospider
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.32 g/LALOGPS
logP1.9ALOGPS
logP1.8ChemAxon
logS-2.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area12.36 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity30.49 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability10.51 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC4H5NS
IUPAC name3-isothiocyanatoprop-1-ene
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C4H5NS/c1-2-3-5-4-6/h2H,1,3H2
InChI KeyZOJBYZNEUISWFT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESC=CCN=C=S
Average Molecular Weight99.154
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight99.014269855
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as isothiocyanates. These are organic compounds containing the isothiocyanate group, an isocyanate analogue with the general formula RN=C=S.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganosulfur compounds
ClassIsothiocyanates
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentIsothiocyanates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Isothiocyanate
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateLiquid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 48.45%; H 5.08%; N 14.13%; S 32.34%DFC
Melting PointFp -80°DFC
Boiling PointBp12 44°DFC
Experimental Water Solubility2 mg/mL at 20 oCYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
Densityd154 1.02DFC
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ChemSpider ID21105854
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL233248
KEGG Compound IDC19317
Pubchem Compound ID5971
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB05843
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDHGX19-J:HGX19-J
EAFUS ID111
Dr. Duke IDALLYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Flavornet ID57-06-7
GoodScent IDrw1002981
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDAllyl isothiocyanate
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDS
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
allergenic50904 A chemical compound which causes the onset of an allergic reaction by interacting with any of the molecular pathways involved in an allergy.DUKE
anti asthmatic49167 A drug used to treat asthma.DUKE
anti feedantDUKE
anti mutagenicDUKE
anti septic33281 A substance that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoans.DUKE
cancer preventive35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
counterirritantDUKE
decongestant77715 A drug used to relieve nasal congestion in the upper respiratory tract.DUKE
embryotoxic52209 A role played by the molecular entity or part thereof which causes the development of a pathological process.DUKE
fungicide24127 A substance used to destroy fungal pests.DUKE
herbicide24527 A substance used to destroy plant pests.DUKE
Insectiphile24852 Strictly, a substance intended to kill members of the class Insecta. In common usage, any substance used for preventing, destroying, repelling or controlling insects.DUKE
mutagenicDUKE
nematiovistatDUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
spiceDUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
sulfur
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
pungent
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
  2. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
garlic
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
strong
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
mustard
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
bitter
  1. Ayana Wiener, Marina Shudler, Anat Levit, Masha Y. Niv. BitterDB: a database of bitter compounds. Nucleic Acids Res 2012, 40(Database issue):D413-419. DOI:10.1093/nar/gkr755
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).