Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:10:10 UTC
Update date2015-10-09 22:32:44 UTC
Primary IDFDB012440
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB Name3-Isothiocyanato-1-propene
DescriptionChief constit. of natural mustard oil. Also found in cooked cabbage, horseradish, etc. Flavouring ingredient. Potential nutriceutical Allyl isothiocyanate is a volatile organic compound. Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) is a constituent of mustard, horseradish and wasabi and certain vegetables found in the human diet, mostly in cruciferous vegetables. AITC is a colorless to pale yellow liquid that is slightly soluble in water, but well soluble in most organic solvents. AITC possesses numerous biochemical and physiological activities. It is cytotoxic and tumorigenic at high doses and also is a modulator of enzymes involved in metabolism of xenobiotics, including carcinogens. It is plausible that the wide consumption of dietary AITC may have profound effects on human health. oxidative DNA damage may play important roles in carcinogenic processes induced by AITC. Allergic contact dermatitis from AICT is well known but infrequently reported. AITC is occasionally found as a volatile component of normal human biofluids. (PMID: 5556886, 8222057, 8000299, 10754276, 15373848); Allyl isothiocyanate is mildly toxic with LD50 of 151 mg/kg but is a dangerous lachrymator.
CAS Number57-06-7
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
1-Propene, 3-isothiocyanato-biospider
2-Propenyl isothiocyanatebiospider
2-Propenyl isothiocyanic acidGenerator
3-iso-Thiocyanatoprop-1-enebiospider
3-isothiocyanatoprop-1-enebiospider
3-isothiocyanatopropenebiospider
AITChEBI
AITCbiospider
AITKbiospider
Allyl isorhodanidebiospider
Allyl isosulfocyanatebiospider
Allyl isosulfocyanic acidGenerator
Allyl isosulphocyanatebiospider
Allyl isosulphocyanic acidGenerator
Allyl isothiocyanatebiospider
Allyl isothiocyanate (natural)HMDB
Allyl isothiocyanate (usp)biospider
Allyl isothiocyanate [usan]biospider
Allyl isothiocyanate non-perfume gradebiospider
Allyl isothiocyanate, inhibitedbiospider
Allyl isothiocyanate, non-perfume gradebiospider
Allyl isothiocyanate, stabilized [UN1545] [Poison]biospider
Allyl isothiocyanate, USANdb_source
Allyl mustard oildb_source
Allyl sevenolumbiospider
Allyl thiocarbonimidebiospider
Allyl thioisocyanatebiospider
Allylisothiokyanatbiospider
Allylsenevolbiospider
Allylsenfoelbiospider
Allylsevenolumbiospider
Allyspolbiospider
Allyspol 75ECdb_source
Artificial mustard oilbiospider
Artificial oil of mustardbiospider
Brassica seed oilbiospider
Carbospoldb_source
Caswell no. 027HMDB
Essential oils, mustardbiospider
Fats and glyceridic oils, mustardbiospider
FEMA 2034db_source
FEMA no. 2034HMDB
Isothiocyanate allyl esterGenerator
Isothiocyanate d'allyleChEBI
Isothiocyanato-1-propenebiospider
Isothiocyanic acid allyl esterbiospider
Isothiocyanic acid d'allyleGenerator
Isothiocyanic acid, allyl esterbiospider
Isothiocyanic acid,allyl esterbiospider
IsothiocyansaeureallylesterHMDB
Mustard essential oilsbiospider
Mustard oildb_source
Mustard oil (van)biospider
Mustard oil, volatilebiospider
Mustard oil, volatile, syntheticbiospider
Mustard seed oilbiospider
Mustard, brown (brassica SPP.)biospider
Mustard, yellow (brassica SPP.)biospider
Oil of mustardbiospider
Oil of mustard BPC 1949biospider
Oil of mustard, artificialbiospider
Oil of mustard, expressedbiospider
Oils, brassica albabiospider
Oils, brassica nigrabiospider
Oils, essential, mustardbiospider
Oils, glyceridic, mustardbiospider
Oils, mustardbiospider
Ol eum sinapis volatilebiospider
Oleum sinapisbiospider
Oleum sinapis volatilebiospider
Potassium allyl isothiocyanatebiospider
Potassium, (1-isothiocyanato-2-propenyl)-biospider
Propene, 3-isothiocyanato-biospider
Propenyl isothiocyanatebiospider
Redskinbiospider
Senf oelbiospider
Senf oel (german)biospider
Senfoelbiospider
Senfoel (german)biospider
Synthetic mustard oilbiospider
Volatile mustard oilbiospider
Volatile oil of mustardbiospider
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.32 g/LALOGPS
logP1.9ALOGPS
logP1.8ChemAxon
logS-2.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area12.36 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity30.49 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability10.51 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC4H5NS
IUPAC name3-isothiocyanatoprop-1-ene
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C4H5NS/c1-2-3-5-4-6/h2H,1,3H2
InChI KeyInChIKey=ZOJBYZNEUISWFT-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESC=CCN=C=S
Average Molecular Weight99
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight99
Classification
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as isothiocyanates. These are organic compounds containing the isothiocyanate group, an isocyanate analogue with the general formula RN=C=S.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganosulfur compounds
ClassIsothiocyanates
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentIsothiocyanates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Isothiocyanate
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateLiquid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 48.45%; H 5.08%; N 14.13%; S 32.34%DFC
Melting PointFp -80°DFC
Boiling PointBp12 44°DFC
Experimental Water Solubility2 mg/mL at 20 oCYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
Densityd154 1.02DFC
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-000e-9000000000-74e6764518eaef9083eaView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-e5da626a3f0a9112da7fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0005-9000000000-52a42150ed565c57dd63View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-00kf-9000000000-f39db8b3315f05512c4eView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000l-9000000000-fd8f23ba9a99d3b95b60View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80B) , Positivesplash10-000e-9000000000-c10457306477602160fdView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-3900000000-6f00e6c8cbe246d39e05View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0006-9300000000-dc72ed6e7c7c177d9abfView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-ccb9e34efa3fbf3caebbView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-9000000000-a31fab83b72890b37d9eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-052b-9000000000-ac309b871ff92649f3d1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-6a8f7896b2956a540af4View in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-000e-9000000000-69a4920e3d464262cd5fView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
ChemSpider ID21105854
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL233248
KEGG Compound IDC19317
Pubchem Compound ID5971
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB05843
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDHGX19-J:HGX19-J
EAFUS ID111
Dr. Duke IDALLYL-ISOTHIOCYANATE
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Flavornet ID57-06-7
GoodScent IDrw1002981
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDAllyl isothiocyanate
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDS
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
allergenic50904 A chemical compound which causes the onset of an allergic reaction by interacting with any of the molecular pathways involved in an allergy.DUKE
anti asthmatic49167 A drug used to treat asthma.DUKE
anti feedantDUKE
anti mutagenicDUKE
anti septic33281 A substance that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoans.DUKE
cancer preventive35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
counterirritantDUKE
decongestant77715 A drug used to relieve nasal congestion in the upper respiratory tract.DUKE
embryotoxic52209 A role played by the molecular entity or part thereof which causes the development of a pathological process.DUKE
fungicide24127 A substance used to destroy fungal pests.DUKE
herbicide24527 A substance used to destroy plant pests.DUKE
Insectiphile24852 Strictly, a substance intended to kill members of the class Insecta. In common usage, any substance used for preventing, destroying, repelling or controlling insects.DUKE
mutagenicDUKE
nematiovistatDUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
spiceDUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
sulfur
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
pungent
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
  2. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
garlic
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
strong
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
mustard
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
bitter
  1. Ayana Wiener, Marina Shudler, Anat Levit, Masha Y. Niv. BitterDB: a database of bitter compounds. Nucleic Acids Res 2012, 40(Database issue):D413-419. DOI:10.1093/nar/gkr755
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).