Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:11:19 UTC
Update date2018-01-23 19:35:29 UTC
Primary IDFDB014519
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameFenchone
DescriptionFenchone is a natural organic compound classified as a monoterpene and a ketone. It is a colorless oily liquid. It has a structure and an odor similar to camphor. Fenchone is a constituent of absinthe and the essential oil of fennel. Fenchone is used as a flavor in foods and in perfumery. Only 2 stereoisomers are possible: D-fenchone (enantiomer 1S,4R is dextrogyre (+)) and L-fenchone (enantiomer 1R,4S is levogyre (-)). Due to the small size of the cycle, the 2 other diastereoisomers (1S4S and 1R4R) are not possible. [Wikipedia]. Fenchone is found in many foods, some of which are ceylon cinnamon, sweet basil, saffron, and dill.
CAS Number1195-79-5
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
1,3,3-Trimethyl-2-norbornanoneChEBI
1,3,3-Trimethyl-2-norcamphanoneChEBI
1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]Heptan-2-oneChEBI
(1R,4S)-(+)-FenchoneHMDB
(1R,4S)-1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]Heptan-2-oneHMDB
(1R,4S)-Fenchan-2-oneHMDB
(1R,4S)-FenchoneHMDB
L-alpha-FenchoneHMDB
L-FenchoneHMDB
Fenchone, (1S)-isomerMeSH
Fenchone, (+-)-isomerMeSH
Fenchone, (1R)-isomerMeSH
1,3,3-Trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one, 9CIdb_source
Fenchol (obsol.)db_source
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.88 g/LALOGPS
logP2.54ALOGPS
logP3.06ChemAxon
logS-2.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity44.54 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability17.85 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC10H16O
IUPAC name1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C10H16O/c1-9(2)7-4-5-10(3,6-7)8(9)11/h7H,4-6H2,1-3H3
InChI KeyLHXDLQBQYFFVNW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCC1(C)C2CCC(C)(C2)C1=O
Average Molecular Weight152.2334
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight152.120115134
Classification
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as bicyclic monoterpenoids. These are monoterpenoids containing exactly 2 rings, which are fused to each other.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassMonoterpenoids
Direct ParentBicyclic monoterpenoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Fenchane monoterpenoid
  • Bicyclic monoterpenoid
  • Ketone
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 78.90%; H 10.59%; O 10.51%DFC
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound ID14525
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID4999
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDJRN54-N:JRN54-N
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDALPHA-FENCHONE|FENCHONE
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDFenchone
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
anti Alzheimeran52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti cholinesterase37733 An EC 3.1.1.* (carboxylic ester hydrolase) inhibitor that interferes with the action of cholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.8).DUKE
counterirritantDUKE
flavor48318 A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.DUKE
perfumery48318 A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.DUKE
secretolyticDUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).