Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:11:22 UTC
Update date2018-05-29 01:13:26 UTC
Primary IDFDB014617
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB019943
Chemical Information
FooDB NameCitronellal
DescriptionIsolated from essential oils, especies citronella oilsand is) also present in citrus peel oil, kumquat peel oil, parsley seed oil, ginger, pepper, cocoa, lovage root and other foods. Production synthetically by hydrogenation of 3,7-Dimethyl-2,6-octadienal JGH37-H or hydrogenation of 3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-1-ol JRJ33-M. Flavouring ingredient. Citronellal is found in many foods, some of which are cocoa and cocoa products, citrus, wild celery, and lemon grass.
CAS Number106-23-0
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
2,3-DihydrocitralChEBI
3,7-Dimethyl-6-octen-1-alChEBI
3,7-Dimethyl-6-octenalChEBI
beta-CitronellalChEBI
b-CitronellalGenerator
Β-citronellalGenerator
3,7-Dimethyloct-6-enalHMDB
beta -CitronellalHMDB
FEMA 2307HMDB
RhodinalHMDB
Citronellal, (+-)-isomerHMDB
Citronellal, (S)-isomerHMDB
Citronellal, (R)-isomerHMDB
β-Citronellalbiospider
6-Octenal, 3,7-dimethyl-biospider
Citronellaldb_source
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.36 g/LALOGPS
logP3.25ALOGPS
logP2.71ChemAxon
logS-2.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)18.32ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity49.3 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability19.18 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC10H18O
IUPAC name3,7-dimethyloct-6-enal
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C10H18O/c1-9(2)5-4-6-10(3)7-8-11/h5,8,10H,4,6-7H2,1-3H3
InChI KeyNEHNMFOYXAPHSD-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCC(CCC=C(C)C)CC=O
Average Molecular Weight154.253
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight154.1357652
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyclic monoterpenoids. These are monoterpenes that do not contain a cycle.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassMonoterpenoids
Direct ParentAcyclic monoterpenoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Acyclic monoterpenoid
  • Medium-chain aldehyde
  • Alpha-hydrogen aldehyde
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aldehyde
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
OntologyShould have ontology for this compound
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 77.87%; H 11.76%; O 10.37%DFC
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointBoiling Pt : 47 oC at 1.00E+00 mm Hg
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-066v-9200000000-145d8f7001c4ce77fa8cView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-066u-9100000000-95b49c5f5088a3eddc72View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-066v-9200000000-145d8f7001c4ce77fa8cView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-066u-9100000000-95b49c5f5088a3eddc72View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-000x-9400000000-61094362cba6ad2562d7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-facaeed6253aef58db1eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0aor-9700000000-246e147d68730886b936View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0ldl-9000000000-a497aaf732131b397f9bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-804231e21b402460f30fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0udi-2900000000-e11d5a0124399999066aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9300000000-55b14a46099707c2eeb9View in MoNA
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC17384
Pubchem Compound ID7794
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID47856
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDJSX87-E:JSX87-E
EAFUS ID693
Dr. Duke IDCITRONELLAL
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00035823
HET IDNot Available
Flavornet ID106-23-0
GoodScent IDrw1032651
SuperScent ID7794
Wikipedia IDCitronellal
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
acaricide22153 A substance used to destroy pests of the subclass Acari (mites and ticks).DUKE
allergenic50904 A chemical compound which causes the onset of an allergic reaction by interacting with any of the molecular pathways involved in an allergy.DUKE
anti bacterial33282 A substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.DUKE
anti septic33281 A substance that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoans.DUKE
anti staphylococcic33282 A substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.DUKE
anti streptococcic33282 A substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.DUKE
candidicideDUKE
embryotoxic52209 A role played by the molecular entity or part thereof which causes the development of a pathological process.DUKE
flavor48318 A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.DUKE
fungicide24127 A substance used to destroy fungal pests.DUKE
insectifuge24852 Strictly, a substance intended to kill members of the class Insecta. In common usage, any substance used for preventing, destroying, repelling or controlling insects.DUKE
irritantDUKE
motor depressantDUKE
mutagenicDUKE
nematicide25491 A substance used to destroy pests of the phylum Nematoda (roundworms).DUKE
cytochrome-P450-2B1 inhibitor50183 An enzyme inhibitor that interferes with the activity of cytochrome P450 involved in catalysis of organic substances.DUKE
perfumery48318 A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.DUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
sedative35717 A central nervous system depressant used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.DUKE
teratogenic50905 A role played by a chemical compound in biological systems with adverse consequences in embryo developments, leading to birth defects, embryo death or altered development, growth retardation and functional defect.DUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
fat
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
rose
  1. Dunkel, M. et al. SuperScent – a database of flavors and scents. Nucleic Acids Research 2008, doi:10.1093/nar/gkn695
lemon
  1. Dunkel, M. et al. SuperScent – a database of flavors and scents. Nucleic Acids Research 2008, doi:10.1093/nar/gkn695
cherry
  1. Dunkel, M. et al. SuperScent – a database of flavors and scents. Nucleic Acids Research 2008, doi:10.1093/nar/gkn695
sweet
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
dry
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
floral
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
herbal
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
waxy
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
aldehydic
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
citrus
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.