Record Information
Creation date2010-04-08 22:14:51 UTC
Update date2015-07-21 17:09:42 UTC
Primary IDFDB020187
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameGum tragacanth
DescriptionStabiliser, thickener, emulsifier Gum tragacanth is a viscous, odorless, tasteless, water-soluble mixture of polysaccharides obtained from sap which is drained from the root of the plant and dried. The gum seeps from the plant in twisted ribbons or flakes which can be powdered. It absorbs water to become a gel, which can be stirred into a paste. The gum is used in veg-tanned leatherworking as an edge slicking and burnishing compound and is occasionally used as a stiffener in textiles. It contains an alkaloid that has historically been used as an herbal remedy for such conditions as cough and diarrhea. As a mucilage or paste it has been used as a topical treatment for burns. It is used in pharmaceuticals and foods as an emulsifier, thickener, stabilizer, and texturant additive (code E413). Also, it is the traditional binder used in the making of artist's pastels, as it does not adhere to itself the same way other gums (such as gum arabic) do when dry. Gum Tragacanth is also used to make a paste used in Floral Sugarcraft to create life-like flowers on wires used as decorations for cakes. It makes a paste which dries brittle in the air and can take colorings. It enables users to get a very fine, delicate finish to their work.; Tragacanth is a natural gum obtained from the dried sap of several species of Middle Eastern legumes of the genus Astragalus, including A. adscendens, A. gummifer, and A. tragacanthus. Some of these species are known collectively under the common names "goat's thorn" and "locoweed". The gum is sometimes called "shiraz gum , "gum elect" or "gum dragon". The name derives from tragos and akantha, which means in Greek "goat" and "thorn", respectively. Iran is the biggest producer of the best quality of this gum.
CAS Number9000-65-1
FEMA 3079db_source
Tragacanth gumdb_source
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
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ClassificationNot classified
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Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
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Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
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Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
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Optical RotationNot Available
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DensityNot Available
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SpectraNot Available
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC08827
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDMLO06-W:MLO06-W
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDGum_tragacanth
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
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Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
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Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General Reference
  1. Robert E. Klose and Martin Glicksman, “Chapter 7 – Gums,” in CRC handbook of food additives – 2nd Edition, vol. 1 (CRC Press, 1977), 295-360. Google Books [Compound description] [No structure given]
Content Reference