Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2011-09-21 00:04:40 UTC
Update date2018-05-29 01:52:41 UTC
Primary IDFDB021891
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameCysteinylglycine
DescriptionCysteinylglycine is a naturally occurring dipeptide. It is derived from the breakdown of glutathione (a tripeptide). In plasma, cysteinylglycine is in a reduced, oxidized and protein-bound form (aminothiol) and interact via redox and disulphide exchange reactions, in a dynamic system referred to as redox thiol status. (PMID 8642471) Spermatozoa of sub fertile men contain significantly higher thiol concentrations as compared with those of fertile men. The detrimental effect on embryo quality of a high homocysteine (Hcy, another member of the thiol group) concentration in the ejaculate and in follicular fluid is intriguing and may suggest that Hcy is inversely associated with fertility outcome. (PMID 16556671) Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease which involves the synovial membrane of multiple diarthroidal joints causing damage to cartilage and bones. The damage process seems to be related to an overproduction of oxygen reactive species inducing an oxidative perturbation with an increase in some oxidized forms (disulfides and protein mixed disulfides) and a decrease in free thiols. (PMID 15895891) Imipenem (thienamycin formamidine), is a broad-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic, always used in combination with cilastatin in order to avoid the premature breakdown of imipenem by renal tubular dipeptidase. As this dipeptidase also hydrolyzes the glutathione metabolite cysteinylglycine, the therapeutic association of imipenem and cilastatin causes plasma levels of cysteinylglycine to increase significantly, while cysteine levels are decreased and homocysteine levels are unaffected. Therefore, antibiotic treatment using imipenem-cilastatin induces important metabolic changes that should not remain unrecognized. (PMID 15843241) [HMDB]. Cysteinylglycine is found in many foods, some of which are chinese cabbage, wax apple, garden tomato (variety), and japanese pumpkin.
CAS Number19246-18-5
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
CGChEBI
Cys-glyChEBI
N-L-CysteinylglycineChEBI
L-CysteinylglycineKegg
N-Cysteinyl glycineHMDB
N-Cysteinyl-glycineHMDB
N-L-Cysteinyl-glycineHMDB
Cysteinyl-glycineHMDB
CysteinylglycineChEBI
C-G dipeptideHMDB
CG dipeptideHMDB
Cysteine glycine dipeptideHMDB
Cysteine-glycine dipeptideHMDB
L-Cys-GlyHMDB
N-CysteinylglycineHMDB
Cys-Glyhmdb
N-cysteinyl Glycinehmdb
N-cysteinyl-Glycinehmdb
N-L-cysteinyl-Glycinehmdb
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility6.25 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.6ALOGPS
logP-3.9ChemAxon
logS-1.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.6ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)8.08ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area92.42 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity41.03 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability16.97 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC5H10N2O3S
IUPAC name2-[(2R)-2-amino-3-sulfanylpropanamido]acetic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C5H10N2O3S/c6-3(2-11)5(10)7-1-4(8)9/h3,11H,1-2,6H2,(H,7,10)(H,8,9)/t3-/m0/s1
InChI KeyZUKPVRWZDMRIEO-VKHMYHEASA-N
Isomeric SMILESN[C@@H](CS)C(=O)NCC(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight178.21
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight178.041212886
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as dipeptides. These are organic compounds containing a sequence of exactly two alpha-amino acids joined by a peptide bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentDipeptides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-dipeptide
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid amide
  • Cysteine or derivatives
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Amino acid
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Alkylthiol
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Primary amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ChemSpider ID388596
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL371579
KEGG Compound IDC01419
Pubchem Compound ID439498
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB00078
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG ID1445980
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase 1GGT1P19440
Gamma-glutamyltransferase 7GGT7Q9UJ14
Gamma-glutamyltransferase 6GGT6Q6P531
Gamma-glutamyltransferase 5GGT5P36269
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Glutathione MetabolismSMP00015 map00480
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference