Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2011-09-21 00:08:18 UTC
Update date2015-10-09 22:27:43 UTC
Primary IDFDB022087
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameChenodeoxycholic acid
DescriptionA bile acid. Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in bile of mammals. The distinction between different bile acids is minute, depends only on presence or absence of hydroxyl groups on positions 3, 7, and 12. Bile acids are physiological detergents that facilitate excretion, absorption, and transport of fats and sterols in the intestine and liver. Bile acids are also steroidal amphipathic molecules derived from the catabolism of cholesterol. They modulate bile flow and lipid secretion, are essential for the absorption of dietary fats and vitamins, and have been implicated in the regulation of all the key enzymes involved in cholesterol homeostasis. Bile acids recirculate through the liver, bile ducts, small intestine and portal vein to form an enterohepatic circuit. They exist as anions at physiological pH and, consequently, require a carrier for transport across the membranes of the enterohepatic tissues. The unique detergent properties of bile acids are essential for the digestion and intestinal absorption of hydrophobic nutrients. Bile acids have potent toxic properties (e.g., membrane disruption) and there are a plethora of mechanisms to limit their accumulation in blood and tissues. (PMID: 11316487, 16037564, 12576301, 11907135) Usually conjugated with either glycine or taurine. It acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for intestinal absorption and is reabsorbed by the small intestine. It is used as cholagogue, a choleretic laxative, and to prevent or dissolve gallstones. [HMDB]
CAS Number474-25-9
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
3alpha,7alpha-Dihydroxy-5beta-cholanic acidChEBI
7alpha-Hydroxylithocholic acidChEBI
Anthropodeoxycholic acidChEBI
Anthropodesoxycholic acidChEBI
CDCAChEBI
Chenic acidChEBI
ChenixChEBI
ChenodiolChEBI
Gallodesoxycholic acidChEBI
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholanateGenerator
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholanic acidGenerator
3alpha,7alpha-Dihydroxy-5beta-cholanateGenerator
3Α,7α-dihydroxy-5β-cholanateGenerator
3Α,7α-dihydroxy-5β-cholanic acidGenerator
7a-HydroxylithocholateGenerator
7a-Hydroxylithocholic acidGenerator
7alpha-HydroxylithocholateGenerator
7Α-hydroxylithocholateGenerator
7Α-hydroxylithocholic acidGenerator
AnthropodeoxycholateGenerator
AnthropodesoxycholateGenerator
ChenateGenerator
GallodesoxycholateGenerator
ChenodeoxycholateGenerator
(+)-ChenodeoxycholateHMDB
(+)-Chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
(3a,5b,7a)-3,7-Dihydroxy-cholan-24-OateHMDB
(3a,5b,7a)-3,7-Dihydroxy-cholan-24-Oic acidHMDB
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b,14a,17b-cholanateHMDB
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b,14a,17b-cholanic acidHMDB
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholan-24-OateHMDB
3a,7a-Dihydroxy-5b-cholan-24-Oic acidHMDB
7a-Hydroxy-desoxycholsaeureHMDB
ChenodesoxycholsaeureHMDB
Acid, cheniqueHMDB
ChenofalkHMDB
ChenophalkHMDB
Acid, chenodeoxycholicHMDB
Chenodeoxycholate, sodiumHMDB
QuenocolHMDB
Solvay brand OF chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
Antigen brand OF chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
Falk brand OF chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
QuenobilanHMDB
Sodium chenodeoxycholateHMDB
Tramedico brand OF chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
Zambon brand OF chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
Acid, chenicHMDB
Acid, gallodesoxycholicHMDB
Chenique acidHMDB
Estedi brand OF chenodeoxycholic acidHMDB
HenoholHMDB
(+)-chenodeoxycholatehmdb
(+)-chenodeoxycholic acidhmdb
(3a,5b,7a)-3,7-dihydroxy-cholan-24-oatehmdb
(3a,5b,7a)-3,7-dihydroxy-cholan-24-oic acidhmdb
3a,7a-dihydroxy-5b-cholan-24-oatehmdb
3a,7a-dihydroxy-5b-cholan-24-oic acidhmdb
3a,7a-dihydroxy-5b-cholanatehmdb
3a,7a-dihydroxy-5b-cholanic acidhmdb
3a,7a-dihydroxy-5b,14a,17b-cholanatehmdb
3a,7a-dihydroxy-5b,14a,17b-cholanic acidhmdb
3α,7α-dihydroxy-5β-cholanateGenerator
3α,7α-dihydroxy-5β-cholanic acidGenerator
7α-hydroxylithocholateGenerator
7α-hydroxylithocholic acidGenerator
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.02 g/LALOGPS
logP3.01ALOGPS
logP3.71ChemAxon
logS-4.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.6ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.54ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area77.76 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity109.27 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability46.35 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC24H40O4
IUPAC name(4R)-4-[(1S,2S,5R,7S,9R,10R,11S,14R,15R)-5,9-dihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadecan-14-yl]pentanoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C24H40O4/c1-14(4-7-21(27)28)17-5-6-18-22-19(9-11-24(17,18)3)23(2)10-8-16(25)12-15(23)13-20(22)26/h14-20,22,25-26H,4-13H2,1-3H3,(H,27,28)/t14-,15+,16-,17-,18+,19+,20-,22+,23+,24-/m1/s1
InChI KeyRUDATBOHQWOJDD-BSWAIDMHSA-N
Isomeric SMILES[H][C@@]1(CC[C@@]2([H])[C@]3([H])[C@H](O)C[C@]4([H])C[C@H](O)CC[C@]4(C)[C@@]3([H])CC[C@]12C)[C@H](C)CCC(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight392.572
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight392.292659768
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as dihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives. Dihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives are compounds containing or derived from a bile acid or alcohol, and which bears exactly two carboxylic acid groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassBile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentDihydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Dihydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS)splash10-0a6u-3920000000-ce93b24c6e2568b6087dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0a6u-3920000000-ce93b24c6e2568b6087dJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-01rt-0419000000-6a92f910581240163a99JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (3 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-1110390000-7a6c62344d1371b74081JSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-0009000000-82ed6dc62b49ac0340e6JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-01pa-2930000000-64edc819ad56b842cdbaJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-053r-6900000000-c97325e1ca9bcff75af1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-IT , negativesplash10-0002-0009000000-ad2d2440db7f3f1c8a2eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-056r-0009000000-997e61e986e67265241cJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-056r-0009000000-81134947694f847d1c65JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-02t9-1219000000-6a0ddebebacac090c27eJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0006-0009000000-efdaad69eee0ae934dd5JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-006x-1009000000-15b4edab9d05e4c3693aJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4l-9006000000-9291e69db3a3c47ecd97JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
ChemSpider ID9728
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL240597
KEGG Compound IDC02528
Pubchem Compound ID10133
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID16755
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDDB06777
HMDB IDHMDB00518
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDJN3
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDChenodeoxycholic acid
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Acyl-coenzyme A thioesterase 8ACOT8O14734
Bile acyl-CoA synthetaseSLC27A5Q9Y2P5
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Bile Acid BiosynthesisSMP00035 map00120
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference