Record Information
Creation date2011-09-21 00:30:42 UTC
Update date2015-07-21 06:57:44 UTC
Primary IDFDB023495
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameGanglioside GA1 (d18:1/20:0)
DescriptionA glycosphingolipid (ceramide and oligosaccharide)or oligoglycosylceramide with one or more sialic acids (i.e. n-acetylneuraminic acid) linked on the sugar chain. It is a component the cell plasma membrane which modulates cell signal transduction events. Gangliosides have been found to be highly important in immunology. Ganglioside GA1 carries a net-negative charge at pH 7.0 and is acidic. Gangliosides can amount to 6% of the weight of lipids from brain, but they are found at low levels in all animal tissues. Gangliosides are glycosphingolipids. There are four types of glycosphingolipids, the cerebrosides, sulfatides, globosides and gangliosides. Gangliosides are very similar to globosides except that they also contain N-acetyl neuraminic acid (NANA) in varying amounts. The specific names for the gangliosides provide information about their structure. The letter G refers to ganglioside, and the subscripts M, D, T and Q indicate that the molecule contains mono-, di-, tri and quatra-sialic acid. The numbered subscripts 1, 2 and 3 refer to the carbohydrate sequence that is attached to the ceramide. In particular, 1 stands for GalGalNAcGalGlc-ceramide, 2 stands for GalNAcGalGlc-ceramide and 3 stands for GalGlc-ceramide. Deficiencies in lysosomal enzymes that degrade the carbohydrate portions of various gangliosides are responsible for a number of lysosomal storage diseases such as Tay-Sachs disease, Sandhoff disease, and GM1 gangliosidosis. The carbohydrate portion of the ganglioside GM1 is the site of attachment of cholera toxin, the protein secreted by Vibrio cholerae. [HMDB]
CAS NumberNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.029 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)5.34ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)2.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count25ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count15ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area402.01 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count47ChemAxon
Refractivity325.98 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability146.47 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC64H118N2O23
IUPAC nameN-[(2S,3R)-1-{[(2R,4R,5S,6R)-5-{[(2S,3R,4R,5R,6R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-{[(2S,3R,4R,5R,6R)-5-hydroxy-3-[(1-hydroxyethylidene)amino]-6-(hydroxymethyl)-4-{[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}oxan-2-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-3-hydroxyoctadec-4-en-2-yl]icosanimidic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C64H118N2O23/c1-4-6-8-10-12-14-16-18-19-20-21-23-25-27-29-31-33-35-48(73)66-42(43(72)34-32-30-28-26-24-22-17-15-13-11-9-7-5-2)40-82-62-56(80)53(77)59(46(38-69)85-62)88-64-57(81)54(78)58(47(39-70)86-64)87-61-49(65-41(3)71)60(51(75)45(37-68)83-61)89-63-55(79)52(76)50(74)44(36-67)84-63/h32,34,42-47,49-64,67-70,72,74-81H,4-31,33,35-40H2,1-3H3,(H,65,71)(H,66,73)/t42-,43+,44+,45+,46+,47+,49+,50-,51-,52-,53+,54+,55+,56?,57+,58-,59+,60+,61-,62+,63-,64-/m0/s1
Isomeric SMILES[H][C@@](CO[C@]1([H])O[C@]([H])(CO)[C@@]([H])(O[C@]2([H])O[C@]([H])(CO)[C@]([H])(O[C@]3([H])O[C@]([H])(CO)[C@]([H])(O)[C@]([H])(O[C@]4([H])O[C@]([H])(CO)[C@]([H])(O)[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]4([H])O)[C@@]3([H])NC(C)=O)[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]2([H])O)[C@]([H])(O)C1O)(NC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC)[C@]([H])(O)C=CCCCCCCCCCCCCC
Average Molecular Weight1283.6213
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1282.812538092
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as galnacb1-4galb1-4glc- (ganglio series). These are neutral glycosphingolipids in which the root sequence is GalNAcb1-4Galb1-4Glc.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassSphingolipids
Direct ParentGalNAcb1-4Galb1-4Glc- (Ganglio series)
Alternative Parents
  • Galnacb1-4galb1-4glcb-cer_backbone
  • Glycosyl-n-acylsphingosine
  • Oligosaccharide
  • Fatty acyl glycoside
  • N-acyl-alpha-hexosamine
  • Alkyl glycoside
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Fatty amide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Oxane
  • Fatty acyl
  • Acetamide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxamide group
  • Polyol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Acetal
  • Primary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ChemSpider ID17216295
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC06136
Pubchem Compound ID22833628
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Lactase-phlorizin hydrolaseLCTP09848
Lactosylceramide alpha-2,3-sialyltransferaseST3GAL5Q9UNP4
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference