Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2015-05-07 20:12:54 UTC
Update date2018-05-29 01:54:54 UTC
Primary IDFDB030826
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB009294
Chemical Information
FooDB Namedihydroxyacetone
DescriptionDihydroxyacetone, also known as 1,3-dihydroxy-2-propanone or glycerone, is a member of the class of compounds known as monosaccharides. Monosaccharides are compounds containing one carbohydrate unit not glycosidically linked to another such unit, and no set of two or more glycosidically linked carbohydrate units. Monosaccharides have the general formula CnH2nOn. Dihydroxyacetone is soluble (in water) and a very weakly acidic compound (based on its pKa). Dihydroxyacetone can be found in a number of food items such as cauliflower, green bell pepper, black cabbage, and sweet basil, which makes dihydroxyacetone a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products. Dihydroxyacetone can be found primarily in urine, as well as in human muscle and stratum corneum tissues. Dihydroxyacetone exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Dihydroxyacetone is primarily used as an ingredient in sunless tanning products. It is often derived from plant sources such as sugar beets and sugar cane, and by the fermentation of glycerin .
CAS Number96-26-4
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
1,3-Dihydroxy-2-propanoneChEBI
1,3-DihydroxyacetoneChEBI
1,3-Dihydroxydimethyl ketoneChEBI
1,3-Dihydroxypropan-2-oneChEBI
1,3-DihydroxypropanoneChEBI
1,3-Propanediol-2-oneChEBI
alpha,Alpha'-dihydroxyacetoneChEBI
Bis(hydroxymethyl) ketoneChEBI
DHAChEBI
GlyceroneChEBI
ChromelinKegg
a,Alpha'-dihydroxyacetoneGenerator
Α,alpha'-dihydroxyacetoneGenerator
a,A'-dihydroxyacetoneHMDB
Aliphatic ketoneHMDB
Dihydroxy-acetoneHMDB
DihyxalHMDB
KetochrominHMDB
OtanHMDB
OxantinHMDB
OxatoneHMDB
ProtosolHMDB
SolealHMDB
TriuloseHMDB
ViticolorHMDB
1,3 Dihydroxy 2 propanoneHMDB
Summers brand OF dihydroxyacetoneHMDB
ICN brand OF dihydroxyacetoneHMDB
VitadyeHMDB
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility838 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.6ALOGPS
logP-1.5ChemAxon
logS0.97ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)13.49ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area57.53 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity19.6 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability8.1 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC3H6O3
IUPAC name1,3-dihydroxypropan-2-one
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C3H6O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h4-5H,1-2H2
InChI KeyRXKJFZQQPQGTFL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESOCC(=O)CO
Average Molecular Weight90.0779
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight90.031694058
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as monosaccharides. Monosaccharides are compounds containing one carbohydrate unit not glycosidically linked to another such unit, and no set of two or more glycosidically linked carbohydrate units. Monosaccharides have the general formula CnH2nOn.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentMonosaccharides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Glycerone or derivatives
  • Monosaccharide
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Ketone
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference