Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2015-05-07 21:00:46 UTC
Update date2018-01-25 19:54:27 UTC
Primary IDFDB031100
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB010558
Chemical Information
FooDB Namephenylacetate
DescriptionPhenylacetic acid, also known as phenylacetate or alpha-toluic acid, belongs to benzene and substituted derivatives class of compounds. Those are aromatic compounds containing one monocyclic ring system consisting of benzene. Phenylacetic acid is slightly soluble (in water) and a weakly acidic compound (based on its pKa). Phenylacetic acid can be synthesized from acetic acid. Phenylacetic acid is also a parent compound for other transformation products, including but not limited to, hydratropic acid, 2,4,5-trihydroxyphenylacetic acid, and mandelamide. Phenylacetic acid is a sweet, civet, and floral tasting compound and can be found in a number of food items such as hyssop, cowpea, endive, and shea tree, which makes phenylacetic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products. Phenylacetic acid can be found primarily in most biofluids, including cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), saliva, feces, and blood. Phenylacetic acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. In humans, phenylacetic acid is involved in the phenylacetate metabolism. Moreover, phenylacetic acid is found to be associated with kidney disease and phenylketonuria. Phenylacetic acid is a non-carcinogenic (not listed by IARC) potentially toxic compound. Phenylacetic acid is a drug which is used for use as adjunctive therapy for the treatment of acute hyperammonemia and associated encephalopathy in patients with deficiencies in enzymes of the urea cycle.
CAS Number103-82-2
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
2-PHENYLACETIC ACIDChEBI
2-Phenylethanoic acidChEBI
alpha-Toluic acidChEBI
Benzeneacetic acidChEBI
Benzylformic acidChEBI
Omega-phenylacetic acidChEBI
PAChEBI
PhenylacetateKegg
2-PHENYLACETateGenerator
2-PhenylethanoateGenerator
a-ToluateGenerator
a-Toluic acidGenerator
alpha-ToluateGenerator
Α-toluateGenerator
Α-toluic acidGenerator
BenzeneacetateGenerator
BenzylformateGenerator
Omega-phenylacetateGenerator
PhenylethanoateHMDB
Phenylethanoic acidHMDB
W-PhenylacetateHMDB
W-Phenylacetic acidHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, potassium saltHMDB
Sodium phenylacetateHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, lithium saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, sodium saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, ammonium saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, calcium saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, cesium saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, mercury saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, rubidium saltHMDB
Phenylacetic acid, sodium salt , carboxy-(11)C-labeled CPDHMDB
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.61 g/LALOGPS
logP1.72ALOGPS
logP1.61ChemAxon
logS-1.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.55ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity37.37 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.85 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC8H8O2
IUPAC name2-phenylacetic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C8H8O2/c9-8(10)6-7-4-2-1-3-5-7/h1-5H,6H2,(H,9,10)
InChI KeyWLJVXDMOQOGPHL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)CC1=CC=CC=C1
Average Molecular Weight136.1479
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight136.0524295
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as benzene and substituted derivatives. These are aromatic compounds containing one monocyclic ring system consisting of benzene.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentBenzene and substituted derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference