Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2015-05-07 21:11:41 UTC
Update date2019-11-27 17:45:57 UTC
Primary IDFDB031164
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB000882
Chemical Information
FooDB Namesalicylate
DescriptionSalicylic acid, also known as O-hydroxybenzoic acid or ionil-plus, is a member of the class of compounds known as salicylic acids. Salicylic acids are ortho-hydroxylated benzoic acids. Salicylic acid is soluble (in water) and a moderately acidic compound (based on its pKa). Salicylic acid is a faint, nutty, and phenolic tasting compound and can be found in a number of food items such as pistachio, oriental wheat, black cabbage, and bayberry, which makes salicylic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products. Salicylic acid can be found primarily in blood, feces, saliva, and urine, as well as in human liver and skin tissues. Salicylic acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. In humans, salicylic acid is involved in the salicylic acid action pathway. Salicylic acid is a non-carcinogenic (not listed by IARC) potentially toxic compound. Salicylic acid (from Latin salix, willow tree) is a lipophilic monohydroxybenzoic acid, a type of phenolic acid, and a beta hydroxy acid (BHA). It has the formula C7H6O3. This colorless crystalline organic acid is widely used in organic synthesis and functions as a plant hormone. It is derived from the metabolism of salicin. In addition to serving as an important active metabolite of aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid), which acts in part as a prodrug to salicylic acid, it is probably best known for its use as a key ingredient in topical anti-acne products. The salts and esters of salicylic acid are known as salicylates . Oral rat LD50: 891 mg/kg. Inhalation rat LC50: > 900 mg/m3/1hr. Irritation: skin rabbit: 500 mg/24H mild. Eye rabbit: 100 mg severe. Investigated a mutagen and reproductive effector (DrugBank). Salicylic acid directly and irreversibly inhibits the activity of both types of cyclo-oxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) to decrease the formation of precursors of prostaglandins and thromboxanes from arachidonic acid. Salicylate may competitively inhibit prostaglandin formation. Salicylate's antirheumatic (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory) actions are a result of its analgesic and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Salicylic acid is a key ingredient in many skin-care products for the treatment of acne, psoriasis, calluses, corns, keratosis pilaris, and warts. It works by causing the cells of the epidermis to slough off more readily, preventing pores from clogging up, and allowing room for new cell growth. Because of its effect on skin cells, salicylic acid is used in several shampoos used to treat dandruff. Salicylic acid is also used as an active ingredient in gels which remove verrucas (plantar warts). Salicylic acid inhibits the oxidation of uridine-5-diphosphoglucose (UDPG) competitively with nicotinamide adenosine dinucleotide (NAD) and noncompetitively with UDPG. It also competitively inhibits the transferring of glucuronyl group of uridine-5-phosphoglucuronic acid (UDPGA) to the phenolic acceptor. The wound-healing retardation action of salicylates is probably due mainly to its inhibitory action on mucopolysaccharide synthesis (T3DB).
CAS Number69-72-7
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
2-CarboxyphenolChEBI
2-HYDROXYBENZOIC ACIDChEBI
O-CarboxyphenolChEBI
O-Hydroxybenzoic acidChEBI
2-HYDROXYBENZOateGenerator
O-HydroxybenzoateGenerator
SalicylateGenerator
2-HydroxybenzenecarboxylateHMDB
2-Hydroxybenzenecarboxylic acidHMDB
Advanced pain relief callus removersHMDB
Advanced pain relief corn removersHMDB
Clear away wart removerHMDB
Compound WHMDB
Dr. scholl's callus removersHMDB
Dr. scholl's corn removersHMDB
Dr. scholl's wart remover kitHMDB
Duofil wart removerHMDB
DuoplantHMDB
FreezoneHMDB
IonilHMDB
Ionil plusHMDB
K 537HMDB
K 557HMDB
Phenol-2-carboxylateHMDB
Phenol-2-carboxylic acidHMDB
Psoriacid-S-stiftHMDB
Retarder WHMDB
RutranexHMDB
Salicylic acid collodionHMDB
Salicylic acid soapHMDB
SaligelHMDB
SalonilHMDB
Stri-dexHMDB
trans-Ver-salHMDB
2 Hydroxybenzoic acidHMDB
Acid, O-hydroxybenzoicHMDB
O Hydroxybenzoic acidHMDB
Acid, 2-hydroxybenzoicHMDB
Ortho hydroxybenzoic acidHMDB
Acid, salicylicHMDB
Acid, ortho-hydroxybenzoicHMDB
Ortho-hydroxybenzoic acidHMDB
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility11.3 g/LALOGPS
logP1.96ALOGPS
logP1.98ChemAxon
logS-1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.79ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area57.53 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity35.3 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability12.81 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC7H6O3
IUPAC name2-hydroxybenzoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C7H6O3/c8-6-4-2-1-3-5(6)7(9)10/h1-4,8H,(H,9,10)
InChI KeyYGSDEFSMJLZEOE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)C1=CC=CC=C1O
Average Molecular Weight138.122
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight138.031694053
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as salicylic acids. These are ortho-hydroxylated benzoic acids.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassBenzoic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentSalicylic acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Salicylic acid
  • Benzoic acid
  • Benzoyl
  • 1-hydroxy-4-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Phenol
  • Vinylogous acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS)splash10-014i-3890000000-62eae168a9d7ab3ada6fView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-00du-9700000000-e1e2ee6b61d86c596403View in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-014i-3890000000-62eae168a9d7ab3ada6fView in MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-014i-2960000000-1b6b46cbb2b643b71448View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0079-8900000000-e8ee46d81fcc1ce3766eView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-006x-8950000000-9ed3a56f2b2654ba281fView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-059j-9600000000-54545731fceee84be340View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-00xu-9500000000-2f1c989b672669aaf083View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-0gb9-9000000000-a0049e982e8ecd7ab730View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-0900000000-f1e71df6894bcc8dda74View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0006-9200000000-f9fd317c182ec7ca90dcView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-2b17aea4ee0ddd6321cfView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-320b7cd879b61439cf42View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-7d1b96d60026076a7eccView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF , Negativesplash10-002b-0496100000-97708001d2a6d031beffView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF 10V, Negativesplash10-002b-0496100000-97708001d2a6d031beffView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF , Negativesplash10-002b-0496100000-97708001d2a6d031beffView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - ESI-TOF 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-0900000000-f88c693bac9b89416a52View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - DI-ESI-qTof , Positivesplash10-00di-0900000000-2aeace8112266d938c2bView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-0006-9400000000-b0fb5458dfa73429b976View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-0006-9400000000-b0fb5458dfa73429b976View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-0006-9100000000-237ee14e8af5262c0dabView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-3ec5d7a9114e37b8af2aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-d8fdab29114453b10280View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QFT , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-4a337e3639c9f42a9000View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-2900000000-23d1cf43d4dedc979389View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0076-8900000000-f8b39b175209523386d0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0udi-9000000000-549ee40f4c3d2a965b2dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000l-6900000000-06bd3bf75f92d507fd8dView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0006-9100000000-fd107d170618784f2f1fView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-3fc7a3b941f5e3e4f7ddView in MoNA
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-00du-9600000000-6d4a0ff2d48d814b5c54View in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableView in JSpectraViewer
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference