General Information
NameGarlic
Scientific NameAllium sativum
DescriptionWith a history of human use of over 7,000 years, garlic (Allium sativum) is native to central Asia, and has long been a staple in the Mediterranean region, as well as a frequent seasoning in Asia, Africa, and Europe. There are two sub-varieties of allium sativum: Allium sativum var. sativum (soft-necked garlic) and Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon (hard-necked garlic). Soft-necked garlic is the most commonly found. Bulb garlic is available in many forms, including fresh, frozen, dried, fermented (black garlic) and shelf stable products (in tubes or jars). [Wikipedia]
Picture8
Classification
GroupHerbs and Spices
Sub-GroupHerbs
Taxonomy
Lineage
ITIS ID42652
Wikipedia IDGarlic
Composition
Compounds
CompoundStructureContent Range AverageReference
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Nutrients
NutrientContent Range AverageReference
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References
Content Reference[1] Saxholt, E., et al. 'Danish food composition databank, revision 7.' Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark (2008).
[5] USDA, NRCS. 'The PLANTS Database (http://plants. usda. gov). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro.' North Carolina (2013): 27401-4901.
[3] Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.