General Information
NameItalian sweet red pepper
Scientific NameCapsicum annuum
DescriptionThe Italian sweet pepper is a variety of the species Capsicum annuum, like bell peppers and chilli peppers. It has the appearance of a large chilli pepper but the mild taste of sweet peppers such as the bell pepper. Capsicum annuum is a domesticated species of the plant genus Capsicum native to southern North America and northern South America. The three species C. annuum, C. frutescens and C. chinense all evolved from a single common ancestor located somewhere in the northwest Brazil - Colombia area. Capsicum annuum is the most common and extensively cultivated of the five domesticated capsicums. The species is a source of popular "sweet peppers":http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bell_peppers and "hot chilis":http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chili_pepper with numerous varieties cultivated all around the world. In American English the plant is commonly known as a chili pepper or bell pepper. In British English, the sweet varieties are called red or green peppers and the hot varieties chillies, whereas in Australian and Indian English the name capsicum is commonly used for bell peppers exclusively and chilli is often used to encompass the hotter varieties. [Wikipedia] See a "list of capsicum cultivars":http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Capsicum_cultivars.
Picture913
Classification
GroupVegetables
Sub-GroupFruit vegetables
Taxonomy
Lineage
ITIS IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDItalian sweet pepper
Composition
Compounds
CompoundStructureContent Range AverageReference
CompoundReference
Nutrients
NutrientContent Range AverageReference
NutrientReference
References
Content Reference— Saxholt, E., et al. 'Danish food composition databank, revision 7.' Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark (2008).
— U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2008. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page.
— Rothwell JA, Pérez-Jiménez J, Neveu V, Medina-Ramon A, M'Hiri N, Garcia Lobato P, Manach C, Knox K, Eisner R, Wishart D, Scalbert A. (2013) Phenol-Explorer 3.0: a major update of the Phenol-Explorer database to incorporate data on the effects of food processing on polyphenol content. Database, 10.1093/database/bat070.
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.