Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:04:50 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 02:55:56 UTC
Primary IDFDB001113
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameL-Tartaric acid
DescriptionPresent in many fruits, wines and coffee. Acidulant for beverages, foods and pharmaceuticals,used to enhance natural and synthetic fruit flavours, especies in grape- and lime-flavoured drinks and candies. Firming agent, humectant. It is used in leavening systems including baking powders. Stabiliising agent for ground spices and cheeses to prevent discoloration. Chelating agent in fatty foods. Synergist with antioxidants, pH control agent in milk, jams and jellies, moisture-control agent. *Metatartaric* acid (a mixture of polyesters obtained by the controlled dehydration of (+)-tartaric acid, together with unchanged (+)-tartaric acid) is permitted in wine in UK Natural tartaric acid isomer . L-Tartaric acid is found in many foods, some of which are coffee and coffee products, common grape, alcoholic beverages, and fruits.
CAS Number87-69-4
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(+)-(R,R)-Tartaric acidChEBI
(+)-L-Tartaric acidChEBI
(+)-Tartaric acidChEBI
(+)-WeinsaeureChEBI
(2R,3R)-2,3-DihydroxybernsteinsaeureChEBI
(2R,3R)-2,3-Dihydroxysuccinic acidChEBI
(2R,3R)-Tartaric acidChEBI
(R,R)-(+)-Tartaric acidChEBI
(R,R)-Tartaric acidChEBI
L(+)-TARTARIC ACIDChEBI
L-Threaric acidChEBI
RechtsweinsaeureChEBI
WeinsteinsaeureChEBI
(R,R)-TartrateKegg
L-Tartaric acidKegg
TartrateKegg
2,3-Dihydroxybutanedioic acidKegg
(+)-(R,R)-TartarateGenerator
(+)-L-TartarateGenerator
(+)-TartarateGenerator
(2R,3R)-2,3-DihydroxysuccinateGenerator
(2R,3R)-TartarateGenerator
(R,R)-(+)-TartarateGenerator
(R,R)-TartarateGenerator
L(+)-TARTARateGenerator
L-ThrearateGenerator
(R,R)-Tartric acidGenerator
L-TartarateGenerator
Tartric acidGenerator
2,3-DihydroxybutanedioateGenerator
TartarateGenerator
Aluminum tartrateHMDB
Ammonium tartrateHMDB
Potassium tartrateHMDB
Seignette saltHMDB
Sodium ammonium tartrateHMDB
Stannous tartrateHMDB
Tartaric acid, calcium salt, (R-r*,r*)-isomerHMDB
Calcium tartrate tetrahydrateHMDB
Sodium tartrateHMDB
Tartaric acid, ((r*,r*)-(+-))-isomerHMDB
Tartaric acid, monoammonium salt, (R-(r*,r*))-isomerHMDB
(R*,r*)-(+-)-2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid, monoammonium monosodium saltHMDB
MN(III) tartrateHMDB
Calcium tartrateHMDB
Tartaric acid, (R-(r*,r*))-isomerHMDB
Sodium potassium tartrateHMDB
Tartaric acid, (r*,s*)-isomerHMDB
Tartaric acid, (S-(r*,r*))-isomerHMDB
Tartaric acid, ammonium sodium salt, (1:1:1) salt, (r*,r*)-(+-)-isomerHMDB
(+)-(2R,3R)-Tartaric acidHMDB
(1R,2R)-1,2-Dihydroxyethane-1,2-dicarboxylic acidHMDB
(2R,3R)-2,3-DihydroxybutanedioateHMDB
(2R,3R)-2,3-Dihydroxybutanedioic acidHMDB
(2R,3R)-2,3-Tartaric acidHMDB
1,2-Dihydroxyethane-1,2-dicarboxylic acidHMDB
2,3-Dihydroxy-succinateHMDB
2,3-Dihydroxy-succinic acidHMDB
2,3-Dihydroxysuccinic acidHMDB
D-a,b-Dihydroxysuccinic acidHMDB
D-Tartaric acidHMDB
Dextrotartaric acidHMDB
L-(+)-Tartaric acidHMDB
Natural tartaric acidHMDB
TARHMDB
Threaric acidHMDB
TLAHMDB
WeinsaeureHMDB
(2R,3R)-(+)-Tartaric acidHMDB
Dihydroxysuccinic acidHMDB
Tartaric acidHMDB
(+)-(r,r)-tartaric acidbiospider
(+)-l-tartaric acidbiospider
(+)-tartaratebiospider
(+)-tartaric acidbiospider
(2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxybutanedioatebiospider
(2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acidbiospider
(2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxysuccinic acidbiospider
(2R,3R)-2,3-tartaric acidbiospider
(r,r)-(+)-tartaric acidbiospider
(r,r)-tartaratebiospider
(r,r)-tartaric acidbiospider
(r,r)-tartratebiospider
E334db_source
FEMA 3044db_source
L-(+)-tartaric acidbiospider
L-tartaratebiospider
L-tartaric acidbiospider
Tartaric acid, l-(+)-biospider
Tartaric acid; L-formdb_source
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility161 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.3ALOGPS
logP-1.8ChemAxon
logS0.03ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.72ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area115.06 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity26.21 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.33 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC4H6O6
IUPAC name(2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C4H6O6/c5-1(3(7)8)2(6)4(9)10/h1-2,5-6H,(H,7,8)(H,9,10)/t1-,2-/m1/s1
InChI KeyFEWJPZIEWOKRBE-JCYAYHJZSA-N
Isomeric SMILESO[C@H]([C@@H](O)C(O)=O)C(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight150.0868
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight150.016437924
Classification
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar acids and derivatives. Sugar acids and derivatives are compounds containing a saccharide unit which bears a carboxylic acid group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentSugar acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Sugar acid
  • Short-chain hydroxy acid
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 32.01%; H 4.03%; O 63.96%DFC
Melting PointMp 169-170°DFC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKapKa2 4.34 (25°)DFC
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical Rotation[a]20D +12 (c, 20.0 in H2O)DFC
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
EI-MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-056r-9000000000-16517a02beb9427ceaffSpectrum
GC-MSTartaric acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0002-0930000000-19235937e21066a9c484Spectrum
GC-MSTartaric acid, 4 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-000f-0961000000-559c31b016f4fb3700d2Spectrum
GC-MSTartaric acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0007-0961000000-1b17d674621eb9d88c3cSpectrum
GC-MSTartaric acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0002-0930000000-19235937e21066a9c484Spectrum
GC-MSTartaric acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-000f-0961000000-559c31b016f4fb3700d2Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0096-9200000000-df0ce9fba754b55674b1Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TMS_1_1, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TMS_1_2, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TMS_2_1, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TMS_2_2, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TMS_2_3, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TMS_2_4, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TMS_3_1, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TMS_3_2, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TMS_4_1, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TBDMS_1_1, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TBDMS_1_2, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TBDMS_2_1, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TBDMS_2_2, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TBDMS_2_3, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TBDMS_2_4, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TBDMS_3_1, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TBDMS_3_2, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSTartaric acid, TBDMS_4_1, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
MS/MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-000b-7900000000-d247ec12b77f427e9a76Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-05fu-9000000000-4bf01ad116d24a453817Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Negative (Annotated)splash10-0006-9000000000-4da65da10f3a34f77688Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-ecb902731b9f6eb3764dSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-0072-9700000000-1e8e6f410c1d71af856eSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-00di-9000000000-f13ad2560d3e6818db9cSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-05fu-9000000000-f46a01eb933ba6fbceacSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-08dec35ca6a80add253aSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0002-0900000000-ecb902731b9f6eb3764dSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0072-9700000000-1e8e6f410c1d71af856eSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-00di-9000000000-f13ad2560d3e6818db9cSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-05fu-9000000000-f46a01eb933ba6fbceacSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ , negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-08dec35ca6a80add253aSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-05fu-9000000000-2bc9b64b80733677dbe6Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-e65d82322cd0037aa733Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Negativesplash10-0072-9600000000-0276f4093011ce886f64Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-007a-9300000000-5ad0de9efcf7b25ff3dcSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0ue9-1900000000-6a73140cfa5a0c0234e3Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-056r-9600000000-ca8758d1e65f5dbe35d9Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a70-9100000000-1630b812321816f95d11Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-05bb-7900000000-146a1c7b189a7bbacda0Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9500000000-f7af07684007cf14bdceSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-a8f5502da9e4d13e4144Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4s-4900000000-4b81a8a41abed679d134Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9200000000-b73e0df104053da76268Spectrum
NMR
TypeDescriptionView
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumSpectrum
ChemSpider ID392277
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL1236315
KEGG Compound IDC00898
Pubchem Compound ID444305
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15671
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB00956
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDBTJ82-E:BTJ88-K
EAFUS ID3598
Dr. Duke IDL-(+)-TARTARIC-ACID
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00001206
HET IDTLA
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDTartaric_acid
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Testicular acid phosphataseACPTQ9BZG2
Prostatic acid phosphataseACPPP15309
Lysophosphatidic acid phosphatase type 6ACP6Q9NPH0
Putative uncharacterized protein ACP1ACP1B5MCC7
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.