Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:04:53 UTC
Update date2018-05-29 00:32:37 UTC
Primary IDFDB001245
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameFujiglucon
DescriptionGluconolactone, also known as fujiglucon or GDL (gluconate), belongs to the class of organic compounds known as gluconolactones. These are polyhydroxy acids containing a gluconolactone molecule, which is characterized by a tetrahydropyran substituted by three hydroxyl groups, one ketone group, and one hydroxymethyl group. Gluconolactone is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Gluconolactone exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. Gluconolactone is an odorless tasting compound.
CAS Number90-80-2
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-Trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-oneChEBI
1,5-D-GluconolactoneChEBI
1,5-GluconolactoneChEBI
D-AldonolactoneChEBI
D-Gluconic acid delta-lactoneChEBI
D-Gluconic acid lactoneChEBI
D-GluconolactoneChEBI
D-Threo-aldono-1,5-lactoneChEBI
delta-D-GluconolactoneChEBI
delta-GluconolactoneChEBI
GlucarolactoneChEBI
Gluconic acid lactoneChEBI
Gluconic delta-lactoneChEBI
Gluconic lactoneChEBI
D-Gluconate delta-lactoneGenerator
D-Gluconate δ-lactoneGenerator
D-Gluconic acid δ-lactoneGenerator
D-Gluconate lactoneGenerator
Δ-D-gluconolactoneGenerator
Δ-gluconolactoneGenerator
Gluconate lactoneGenerator
Gluconic δ-lactoneGenerator
1,5-delta-GluconolactoneHMDB
3,4,5-Trihydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-pyran-2-oneHMDB
beta-Glucono-1,5-lactoneHMDB
D(+)-Gluconic acid gamma-lactoneHMDB
D-(+)-Gluconic acid D-lactoneHMDB
D-(+)-Gluconic acid-delta lactoneHMDB
D-delta-GluconolactoneHMDB
D-Gluconic acid 1,5-lactoneHMDB
D-Gluconic acid D-lactoneHMDB
D-Gluconic acid-1,5-lactoneHMDB
D-Gluconic acid-delta-lactoneHMDB
D-Gluconic delta-lactoneHMDB
D-Glucono-1,5-lactoneHMDB
D-Glucono-D-lactoneHMDB
delta-(+)-Gluconic acid D-lactoneHMDB
delta-(+)-Gluconic acid-delta lactoneHMDB
delta-AldonolactoneHMDB
delta-delta-GluconolactoneHMDB
delta-Gluconic acid 1,5-lactoneHMDB
delta-Gluconic acid D-lactoneHMDB
delta-Gluconic acid delta-lactoneHMDB
delta-Gluconic acid lactoneHMDB
delta-Gluconic acid-1,5-lactoneHMDB
delta-Gluconic acid-delta-lactoneHMDB
delta-Gluconic delta-lactoneHMDB
delta-Glucono-1,5-lactoneHMDB
delta-Glucono-delta-lactoneHMDB
FujigluconHMDB
gamma-GluconolactoneHMDB
Gluconate, lactoneHMDB
Glucono 1,5-lactoneHMDB
Glucono delta lactoneHMDB
Glucono delta-lactoneHMDB
Glucono gamma-lactoneHMDB
GDL (Gluconate)HMDB
Gulonic acid gamma-lactoneHMDB
d-(+)-Glucono-1,5-lactonebiospider
E575manual
GDLmanual
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility586 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.2ALOGPS
logP-2.7ChemAxon
logS0.52ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.62ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area107.22 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity34.78 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability15.53 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC6H10O6
IUPAC name(3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-one
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C6H10O6/c7-1-2-3(8)4(9)5(10)6(11)12-2/h2-5,7-10H,1H2/t2-,3-,4+,5-/m1/s1
InChI KeyPHOQVHQSTUBQQK-SQOUGZDYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESOC[C@H]1OC(=O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O
Average Molecular Weight178.14
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight178.047738052
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as gluconolactones. These are polyhydroxy acids containing a gluconolactone molecule, which is characterized by a tetrahydropyran substituted by three hydroxyl groups, one ketone group, and one hydroxymethyl group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentGluconolactones
Alternative ParentsNot Available
SubstituentsNot Available
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 40.45%; H 5.66%; O 53.89%DFC
Melting PointMp 150-152°DFC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water Solubility590 mg/mL at 25 oCMERCK INDEX (1996)
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical Rotation[a]20D +66 -> +9 (1 d) (c, 5.0 in H2O)DFC
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0002-0932000000-0b9d34fd1930d30adac9JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-005a-0920000000-48470ef74f46934597a0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-014j-0950000000-483acf515b56ae5dc886JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS)splash10-0fvi-1952000000-f92fb779cdb5daa45f09JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0fvi-1952000000-f92fb779cdb5daa45f09JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-11bi-9500000000-59fc28b889280c7c2a5cJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0kki-7239300000-aa269ca53fc88c5847e7JSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-001i-5900000000-443ab6dcdad04641cb49JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-0avl-9000000000-5aba2e27767b74e7e315JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-052f-9000000000-081648ead7bc8b21d941JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-01t9-0900000000-7a99fa6e5ac000ab06f1JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03fu-3900000000-7f96bedb201e601e238eJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-006x-9200000000-c51e82de843b7755c5b6JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-3900000000-b80e81f6d02c1d0116a2JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0adi-6900000000-590a75b51bd97402a88dJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052f-9000000000-ea7b9a23b7a07d266c68JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB00150
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDBWZ16-K:BWZ17-L
EAFUS ID1492
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDrw1234591
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDGlucono_delta-lactone
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
odorless
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference