Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:04:55 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 02:56:18 UTC
Primary IDFDB001320
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameSarsasapogenin
DescriptionSarsasapogenin, also known as parigenin, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as triterpenoids. These are terpene molecules containing six isoprene units. Thus, sarsasapogenin is considered to be a sterol lipid molecule. Sarsasapogenin is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral.
CAS Number126-19-2
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(3beta,5beta,25S)-Spirostan-3-olChEBI
ParigeninChEBI
(25S)-5beta-Spirostan-3beta-olKegg
(3b,5b,25S)-Spirostan-3-olGenerator
(3Β,5β,25S)-spirostan-3-olGenerator
(25S)-5b-Spirostan-3b-olGenerator
(25S)-5Β-spirostan-3β-olGenerator
SarsasapogenineHMDB
Spirostan-3-ol, (3beta,5beta,25S)- (9ci)HMDB
SarsasapogeninChEBI
Epi-sarsasapogeninMeSH
TigogeninMeSH
SarsaponinMeSH
Sarsasapogenin, (3beta,5alpha,25S)-isomerMeSH
SmilageninMeSH
EpismilageninMeSH
Sarsasapogenin, (3beta,5alpha,25R)-isomerMeSH
Sarsasapogenin, (3beta,5beta)-isomerMeSH
Sarsasapogenin, (3beta,5beta,25R)-isomerMeSH
Sarsasapogenin, (3beta,5beta,25S)-isomerMeSH
(25S)-5beta-spirostan-3beta-olbiospider
(3beta,5beta,25S)-spirostan-3-olbiospider
Spirostan-3-ol, (3beta,5beta,25S)- (9CI)biospider
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.3e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP4.52ALOGPS
logP5.33ChemAxon
logS-7.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)18.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area38.69 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity119.42 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability51.1 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings6ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC27H44O3
IUPAC name(1'R,2R,2'S,4'S,5S,7'S,8'R,9'S,12'S,13'S,16'S,18'R)-5,7',9',13'-tetramethyl-5'-oxaspiro[oxane-2,6'-pentacyclo[10.8.0.0²,⁹.0⁴,⁸.0¹³,¹⁸]icosane]-16'-ol
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C27H44O3/c1-16-7-12-27(29-15-16)17(2)24-23(30-27)14-22-20-6-5-18-13-19(28)8-10-25(18,3)21(20)9-11-26(22,24)4/h16-24,28H,5-15H2,1-4H3/t16-,17-,18+,19-,20+,21-,22-,23-,24-,25-,26-,27+/m0/s1
InChI KeyGMBQZIIUCVWOCD-WWASVFFGSA-N
Isomeric SMILES[H][C@]12C[C@@]3([H])[C@]4([H])CC[C@]5([H])C[C@@H](O)CC[C@]5(C)[C@@]4([H])CC[C@]3(C)[C@@]1([H])[C@H](C)[C@@]1(CC[C@H](C)CO1)O2
Average Molecular Weight416.646
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight416.329045277
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as triterpenoids. These are terpene molecules containing six isoprene units.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassTriterpenoids
Direct ParentTriterpenoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Triterpenoid
  • Spirostane skeleton
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • Steroid
  • Ketal
  • Oxane
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Acetal
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Biological location:

Source:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Industrial application:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 77.84%; H 10.64%; O 11.52%DFC
Melting PointMp 200-201.5°DFC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical Rotation[a]25D -75 (CHCl3)DFC
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0pbi-2129100000-ce00917c9402bf19f2cbJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05fr-4217900000-31efb237b024e3b8920aJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-014j-5039500000-2dc535b5234668294429JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0avi-5094100000-73cb8de52ed2c81a6008JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0pvi-9055000000-cd920b055b8c4a5478c0JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-5003900000-c46f2a81526a3824ec01JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-014j-2019200000-3a3da9fcf5a22a3b2993JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0gb9-9025000000-662616db765aefc27d75JSpectraViewer
ChemSpider ID83145
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC03963
Pubchem Compound ID92095
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15578
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB30024
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDHJR73-M:BZL38-V
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDSARSASAPOGENIN|SARSAPOGENIN
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00003590
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDSarsasapogenin
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
anti psoriac52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti pyretic35493 A drug that prevents or reduces fever by lowering the body temperature from a raised state. An antipyretic will not affect the normal body temperature if one does not have fever. Antipyretics cause the hypothalamus to override an interleukin-induced increase in temperature. The body will then work to lower the temperature and the result is a reduction in fever.DUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).