Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:05:23 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 02:57:28 UTC
Primary IDFDB002455
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameSolamargine
DescriptionSolamargine, also known as beta-solamarine, is a member of the class of compounds known as steroidal saponins. Steroidal saponins are saponins in which the aglycone moiety is a steroid. The steroidal aglycone is usually a spirostane, furostane, spirosolane, solanidane, or curcubitacin derivative. Solamargine is practically insoluble (in water) and a very weakly acidic compound (based on its pKa). Solamargine can be found in eggplant, which makes solamargine a potential biomarker for the consumption of this food product. Solamargine is a poisonous chemical compound that occurs in plants of the Solanaceae family, such as potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplants. It has been also isolated from Solanum nigrum fungal endophyte Aspergillus flavus. It is a glycoalkaloid derived from the steroidal alkaloid solasodine .
CAS Number20311-51-7
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
beta-SolamarineMeSH
SolasonineMeSH
alpha-SolasonineMeSH
alpha-SolamarineMeSH
alpha-Solamarine, (3beta,22alpha,25R)-isomerMeSH
Solamarginedb_source
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.2 g/LALOGPS
logP1.52ALOGPS
logP1.39ChemAxon
logS-3.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.89ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.54ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count16ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area238.48 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count7ChemAxon
Refractivity216.1 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability96.81 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings9ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC45H73NO15
IUPAC name2-{[4-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-{5',7,9,13-tetramethyl-5-oxaspiro[pentacyclo[10.8.0.0²,⁹.0⁴,⁸.0¹³,¹⁸]icosane-6,2'-piperidin]-18-eneoxy}-5-[(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl)oxy]oxan-3-yl]oxy}-6-methyloxane-3,4,5-triol
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C45H73NO15/c1-19-9-14-45(46-17-19)20(2)30-28(61-45)16-27-25-8-7-23-15-24(10-12-43(23,5)26(25)11-13-44(27,30)6)57-42-39(60-41-36(53)34(51)32(49)22(4)56-41)37(54)38(29(18-47)58-42)59-40-35(52)33(50)31(48)21(3)55-40/h7,19-22,24-42,46-54H,8-18H2,1-6H3
InChI KeyMBWUSSKCCUMJHO-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCC1C2C(CC3C4CC=C5CC(CCC5(C)C4CCC23C)OC2OC(CO)C(OC3OC(C)C(O)C(O)C3O)C(O)C2OC2OC(C)C(O)C(O)C2O)OC11CCC(C)CN1
Average Molecular Weight868.0588
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight867.498020671
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as azaspirodecane derivatives. These are organic compounds containing a spirodecane moiety with at least one nitrogen atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassAzaspirodecane derivatives
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentAzaspirodecane derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Azaspirodecane
  • Alpha-acyloxy ketone
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Ketone
  • Lactone
  • Tertiary amine
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Oxirane
  • Ether
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Amine
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 62.26%; H 8.48%; N 1.61%; O 27.65%DFC
Melting PointMp 301° dec.DFC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical Rotation[a]D -102 (Py)DFC
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0w91-0004430940-d0445e84be9f8b56df03JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0ir1-0116790600-f9fc3d348ca4d6b966dbJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-074i-0207490210-b4db3f37f2244a7c5cc0JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03xr-1212602960-f9d7994ad499f1a5b5e7JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-03di-1413930720-7a810b974cf2e3bdc37dJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-03di-2914831100-79eb4fe1ffeb8155522eJSpectraViewer
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC10819
Pubchem Compound ID73611
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID469445
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDHKH07-E:CLW96-F
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDSOLAMARGINE
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00002260
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDSolamargine
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
antitumor35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
cytotoxic52209 A role played by the molecular entity or part thereof which causes the development of a pathological process.DUKE
erythrocytolyticDUKE
fungicide24127 A substance used to destroy fungal pests.DUKE
hepatoprotective62868 Any compound that is able to prevent damage to the liver.DUKE
insecticide24852 Strictly, a substance intended to kill members of the class Insecta. In common usage, any substance used for preventing, destroying, repelling or controlling insects.DUKE
membranolyticDUKE
molluscicide33904 A substance used to destroy pests of the phylum Mollusca.DUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.