Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:05:26 UTC
Update date2020-02-24 19:11:05 UTC
Primary IDFDB002602
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameCyanidin
DescriptionCyanidin, also known as cyanidol or cyanidin chloride, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 7-hydroxyflavonoids. These are flavonoids that bear one hydroxyl group at the C-7 position of the flavonoid skeleton. Thus, cyanidin is considered to be a flavonoid. Cyanidin is found, on average, in the highest concentration within a few different foods, such as black raspberries (Rubus occidentalis), elderberries (Sambucus), and black chokeberries (Photinia melanocarpa) and in a lower concentration in acerolas (Malpighia emarginata), rubus (blackberry, raspberry), and garden onion (var.). Cyanidin has also been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as sacred lotus (Nelumbo nucifera), turnips (Brassica rapa var. rapa), broccolis (Brassica oleracea var. italica), endives (Cichorium endivia), and jackfruits (Artocarpus heterophyllus). This could make cyanidin a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Based on a literature review a significant number of articles have been published on Cyanidin.
CAS Number528-58-5
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-1-benzopyryliumChEBI
2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxychromenyliumChEBI
3,3',4',5,7-PentahydroxyflavyliumChEBI
3,5,7,3',4'-PentahydroxyflavyliumChEBI
CyanidineChEBI
CyanidolChEBI
3,3',4',5,7-Pentahydroxyflavylium chlorideKegg
Chlorure de 3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxyflavyliumKegg
3,3',4',5,7-PentahydroxyflavyliumchloridKegg
2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-1-benzopyrylium chlorideKegg
3,3',4',5,7-Pentahydroxy-2-phenylbenzopyrylium chlorideKegg
Cyanidin chlorideKegg
Cyanidol chlorideKegg
IdB 1027Kegg
Cyanidin ionMeSH
1-Benzopyrylium, 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-, chlorideMeSH
2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl) chromenylium-3,5,7-triolMeSH
Flavylium, 3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxy-, chlorideMeSH
1-Benzopyrylium, 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-, chloride (1:1)MeSH
Cyanidin cationMeSH
3,5,7,3’,4’-PentahydroxyflavyliumHMDB
CyanidinHMDB
1-Benzopyrylium, 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-biospider
2-(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-1-benzopyrylium(1+), 9CIdb_source
2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxychromenyliumbiospider
Cyanidol (6CI)manual
Flavylium, 3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxy-biospider
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Chemical FormulaC15H11O6
IUPAC name
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C15H10O6/c16-8-4-11(18)9-6-13(20)15(21-14(9)5-8)7-1-2-10(17)12(19)3-7/h1-6H,(H4-,16,17,18,19,20)/p+1
InChI KeyVEVZSMAEJFVWIL-UHFFFAOYSA-O
Isomeric SMILESOC1=CC2=[O+]C(=C(O)C=C2C(O)=C1)C1=CC(O)=C(O)C=C1
Average Molecular Weight287.2442
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight287.055563084
Classification
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 7-hydroxyflavonoids. These are flavonoids that bear one hydroxyl group at the C-7 position of the flavonoid skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassFlavonoids
Sub ClassHydroxyflavonoids
Direct Parent7-hydroxyflavonoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 3'-hydroxyflavonoid
  • 3-hydroxyflavonoid
  • 4'-hydroxyflavonoid
  • 5-hydroxyflavonoid
  • 7-hydroxyflavonoid
  • Anthocyanidin
  • Benzopyran
  • 1-benzopyran
  • Catechol
  • 1-hydroxy-4-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Phenol
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Polyol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic cation
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Source:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 62.72%; H 3.86%; O 33.42%DFC
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MSNot Available
MS/MSNot Available
NMRNot Available
ChemSpider ID61546
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL511367
KEGG Compound IDC05905
Pubchem Compound ID68247
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27843
Phenol-Explorer ID19
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB02708
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDCMQ73-Z:CMQ73-Z
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDCYANIDIN
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00006614
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDCyanidin
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite ID19
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
allelochemicDUKE
antioxidant22586 A substance that opposes oxidation or inhibits reactions brought about by dioxygen or peroxides. In European countries, E-numbers for permitted antioxidant food additives are from E 300 to E 324.DUKE
copper chelator38161 A ligand with two or more separate binding sites that can bind to a single metallic central atom, forming a chelate.DUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
pigment26130 An endogenous molecular entity that results in a colour of an organism as the consequence of the selective absorption of light.DUKE
prooxidantDUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2008. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page.
— Rothwell JA, Pérez-Jiménez J, Neveu V, Medina-Ramon A, M'Hiri N, Garcia Lobato P, Manach C, Knox K, Eisner R, Wishart D, Scalbert A. (2013) Phenol-Explorer 3.0: a major update of the Phenol-Explorer database to incorporate data on the effects of food processing on polyphenol content. Database, 10.1093/database/bat070.
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.