Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:05:55 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 02:59:31 UTC
Primary IDFDB003695
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameSaponins
DescriptionSaponins, also known as aescin or opino, is a member of the class of compounds known as triterpene saponins. Triterpene saponins are glycosylated derivatives of triterpene sapogenins. The sapogenin moiety backbone is usually based on the oleanane, ursane, taraxastane, bauerane, lanostane, lupeol, lupane, dammarane, cycloartane, friedelane, hopane, 9b,19-cyclo-lanostane, cycloartane, or cycloartanol skeleton. Saponins is practically insoluble (in water) and a weakly acidic compound (based on its pKa). Saponins can be found in a number of food items such as dandelion, soy bean, fenugreek, and carob, which makes saponins a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products. Saponins are a class of chemical compounds found in particular abundance in various plant species. More specifically, they are amphipathic glycosides grouped phenomenologically by the soap-like foaming they produce when shaken in aqueous solutions, and structurally by having one or more hydrophilic glycoside moieties combined with a lipophilic triterpene derivative .
CAS Number8047-15-2
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(2S,3S,4S,5R,6R)-6-{[(3S,4S,6ar,6BS,8R,8ar,9R,10R,14BR)-9-(acetyloxy)-8-hydroxy-4,8a-bis(hydroxymethyl)-4,6a,6b,11,11,14b-hexamethyl-10-{[(2Z)-2-methylbut-2-enoyl]oxy}-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,6a,6b,7,8,8a,9,10,11,12,12a,14,14a,14b-icosahydropicen-3-yl]oxy}-4-hydroxy-3,5-bis({[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy})oxane-2-carboxylateGenerator
AescinMeSH
FeparilMeSH
FlebostasinMeSH
EscinMeSH
OpinoMeSH
beta EscinMeSH
EscinaMeSH
sankyo Brand OF escinMeSH
opino BiomoMeSH
beta AescinMeSH
beta-EscinMeSH
ReparilMeSH
beta-AescinMeSH
biomo Brand OF escinMeSH
OpinobiomoMeSH
AescusanMeSH
EskuzanMeSH
FepalitanMeSH
opino-BiomoMeSH
Madaus brand OF escinMeSH
Beta-aescinbiospider
Beta-aescinubiospider
Beta-aescusanbiospider
Beta-escinbiospider
Beta-escin, beta-reparil, beta-aescinubiospider
Beta-reparilbiospider
Saponinumbiospider
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Chemical FormulaC55H86O24
IUPAC name
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C55H86O24/c1-10-23(2)46(71)79-43-44(72-24(3)60)55(22-59)26(17-50(43,4)5)25-11-12-30-51(6)15-14-32(52(7,21-58)29(51)13-16-53(30,8)54(25,9)18-31(55)61)75-49-41(77-48-38(67)36(65)34(63)28(20-57)74-48)39(68)40(42(78-49)45(69)70)76-47-37(66)35(64)33(62)27(19-56)73-47/h10-11,26-44,47-49,56-59,61-68H,12-22H2,1-9H3,(H,69,70)/b23-10-/t26?,27-,28-,29?,30?,31-,32+,33-,34-,35+,36+,37-,38-,39+,40+,41-,42+,43+,44+,47+,48+,49-,51+,52-,53-,54-,55+/m1/s1
InChI KeyAXNVHPCVMSNXNP-ZELRDNAQSA-N
Isomeric SMILES[H]\C(C)=C(/C)C(=O)O[C@@]1([H])[C@]([H])(OC(C)=O)[C@]2(CO)[C@]([H])(O)C[C@]3(C)C(=CCC4([H])[C@@]5(C)CC[C@]([H])(O[C@]6([H])O[C@]([H])(C(O)=O)[C@@]([H])(O[C@]7([H])O[C@]([H])(CO)[C@@]([H])(O)[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]7([H])O)[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]6([H])O[C@]6([H])O[C@]([H])(CO)[C@@]([H])(O)[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]6([H])O)[C@](C)(CO)C5([H])CC[C@@]34C)C2([H])CC1(C)C
Average Molecular Weight1131.269
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1130.550903649
Classification
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as coumaric acids and derivatives. These are aromatic compounds containing Aromatic compounds containing a cinnamic acid moiety (or a derivative thereof) hydroxylated at the C2 (ortho-), C3 (meta-), or C4 (para-) carbon atom of the benzene ring.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassCinnamic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassHydroxycinnamic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentCoumaric acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coumaric acid or derivatives
  • Hexose monosaccharide
  • Cinnamic acid ester
  • Methoxyphenol
  • Phenoxy compound
  • Anisole
  • Methoxybenzene
  • Phenol ether
  • Styrene
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Phenol
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Fatty acyl
  • Monosaccharide
  • Oxane
  • Benzenoid
  • Enoate ester
  • Alpha,beta-unsaturated carboxylic ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Hemiacetal
  • Polyol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Ether
  • Oxacycle
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MSNot Available
MS/MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0il0-4400014009-f06d64ace21402db4ebe2016-08-02View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0w30-2100017029-6a00c22031db97c4eab62016-08-02View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0kar-9201036157-ea73022dd09b841311ed2016-08-02View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03fs-9700003006-e3cfade1c29d2ef782172016-08-03View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-03fs-7800014009-40da76f396b4e80d99772016-08-03View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9700024033-17f2d40add1d227345052016-08-03View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-01q9-2900021003-f53bbe40c905088d89a92021-10-21View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03yi-1901231043-529c17316ceae003390e2021-10-21View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a59-9400001001-5360aee71ec6379faaf52021-10-21View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-056r-9800000000-749730bdeb9b080e6c182021-10-21View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-92cab58ba84a3ed9f0912021-10-21View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4u-9000000134-67322ff249a3bf11a6c32021-10-21View Spectrum
NMRNot Available
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound ID6441501
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDSAPONINS|SAPONIN
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
anti hepatomic35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
anti mutagenicDUKE
antitumor35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
immunomodulator50846 Biologically active substance whose activity affects or plays a role in the functioning of the immune system.DUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).