Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:05:55 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 02:59:31 UTC
Primary IDFDB003715
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameSugars
DescriptionIn chemistry, sugar loosely refers to a number of carbohydrates, such as monosaccharides, disaccharides, or oligosaccharides. In food, sugar refers to a class of edible crystalline carbohydrates, mainly sucrose, lactose, and fructose characterized by a sweet flavor. Other sugars are used in industrial food preparation, but are usually known by more specific names - glucose, fructose or fruit sugar, high fructose corn syrup, etc. Sugars is found in many foods, some of which are ucuhuba, butternut squash, common walnut, and miso.
CAS Number57-50-1
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
1-alpha-D-Glucopyranosyl-2-beta-D-fructofuranosideChEBI
beta-D-Fruf-(21)-alpha-D-GLCPChEBI
Cane sugarChEBI
SacarosaChEBI
SaccharoseChEBI
SacharoseChEBI
Table sugarChEBI
White sugarChEBI
White soft sugarKegg
Sugar, compressibleKegg
Sugar, confectioner'sKegg
Sugar spheresKegg
Sucrose, purifiedKegg
1-a-D-Glucopyranosyl-2-b-D-fructofuranosideGenerator
1-Α-D-glucopyranosyl-2-β-D-fructofuranosideGenerator
b-D-Fruf-(21)-a-D-GLCPGenerator
Β-D-fruf-(21)-α-D-GLCPGenerator
(+)-SucroseHMDB
b -D-Fructofuranosyl a-D-glucopyranosideHMDB
D-(+)-SaccharoseHMDB
D-(+)-SucroseHMDB
D-SucroseHMDB
SaccharumHMDB
SugarHMDB
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility824 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.6ALOGPS
logP-4.5ChemAxon
logS0.38ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.84ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count11ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count8ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area189.53 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity68.77 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability31.04 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC12H22O11
IUPAC name(2R,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-{[(2S,3S,4S,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-2,5-bis(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C12H22O11/c13-1-4-6(16)8(18)9(19)11(21-4)23-12(3-15)10(20)7(17)5(2-14)22-12/h4-11,13-20H,1-3H2/t4-,5-,6-,7-,8+,9-,10+,11-,12+/m1/s1
InChI KeyCZMRCDWAGMRECN-UGDNZRGBSA-N
Isomeric SMILESOC[C@H]1O[C@@](CO)(O[C@H]2O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]2O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O
Average Molecular Weight342.2965
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight342.116211546
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as o-glycosyl compounds. These are glycoside in which a sugar group is bonded through one carbon to another group via a O-glycosidic bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentO-glycosyl compounds
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Disaccharide
  • C-glycosyl compound
  • Ketal
  • Oxane
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Acetal
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Foods
  • Sugars
  • Fruits and vegetables:

    Beverages:

    Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
    Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
    PropertyValueReference
    Physical stateNot Available
    Physical DescriptionNot Available
    Mass CompositionNot Available
    Melting PointNot Available
    Boiling PointNot Available
    Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
    Experimental logPNot Available
    Experimental pKaNot Available
    Isoelectric pointNot Available
    ChargeNot Available
    Optical RotationNot Available
    Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
    DensityNot Available
    Refractive IndexNot Available
    Spectra
    Spectra
    Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (8 TMS)splash10-0gba-0930000000-594ae5d59d217235e6c7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-02ta-0932000000-8fa2c23f886fb0c63312JSpectraViewer | MoNA
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (8 TMS)splash10-00di-9731000000-0d702b863a0419bd559cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0gba-0930000000-594ae5d59d217235e6c7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-02ta-0932000000-8fa2c23f886fb0c63312JSpectraViewer | MoNA
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-00di-9731000000-0d702b863a0419bd559cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
    GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0i01-0932000000-a84ab9868385a177391aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
    Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0nt9-9576000000-4af9cf7cb58154231f7bJSpectraViewer
    Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-014i-8750249000-757f1c653f998599ba0bJSpectraViewer
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-03di-0900000000-1ba130720abffe5e93d0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-002r-9600000000-bf4df12e3ec24b4de57bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-9100000000-5308faa0508d0796ef2cJSpectraViewer | MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-0fdx-9804000000-018a029ba3843a8db2bdJSpectraViewer | MoNA
    LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF , negativesplash10-0fdx-9804000000-018a029ba3843a8db2bdJSpectraViewer | MoNA
    Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-01q9-0900000000-61fdb02b67338e94c2a3JSpectraViewer
    Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03di-0900000000-3b225ec11ada7061156bJSpectraViewer
    Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03dl-9700000000-18b83ffd2452e8f7420dJSpectraViewer
    Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03fr-1901000000-b27bed8dffbc1fa29601JSpectraViewer
    Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-03fs-0900000000-85fe4d893cc72a297745JSpectraViewer
    Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0005-8900000000-7ee1d127314574cf8eecJSpectraViewer
    MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-05dm-9100000000-ff1c60103a4253a94cf7JSpectraViewer | MoNA
    1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
    1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
    1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
    1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
    1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
    2D NMR[1H,1H] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
    2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
    ChemSpider IDNot Available
    ChEMBL IDNot Available
    KEGG Compound IDNot Available
    Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
    Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
    ChEBI IDNot Available
    Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
    DrugBank IDNot Available
    HMDB IDNot Available
    CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
    EAFUS IDNot Available
    Dr. Duke IDSUGARS
    BIGG IDNot Available
    KNApSAcK IDNot Available
    HET IDNot Available
    Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
    VMH IDNot Available
    Flavornet IDNot Available
    GoodScent IDNot Available
    SuperScent IDNot Available
    Wikipedia IDSugar
    Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
    Duplicate IDSNot Available
    Old DFC IDSNot Available
    Associated Foods
    FoodContent Range AverageReference
    FoodReference
    Biological Effects and Interactions
    Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
    EnzymesNot Available
    PathwaysNot Available
    MetabolismNot Available
    BiosynthesisNot Available
    Organoleptic Properties
    FlavoursNot Available
    Files
    MSDSNot Available
    References
    Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
    General ReferenceNot Available
    Content Reference— Saxholt, E., et al. 'Danish food composition databank, revision 7.' Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark (2008).
    — U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2008. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page.
    — Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).