Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:05:58 UTC
Update date2020-09-17 15:38:36 UTC
Primary IDFDB003842
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameCarotene
Descriptionbeta-Carotene, also known as b-karotin or β-carotene, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carotenes. These are a type of unsaturated hydrocarbons containing eight consecutive isoprene units. They are characterized by the presence of two end-groups (mostly cyclohexene rings, but also cyclopentene rings or acyclic groups) linked by a long branched alkyl chain. Carotenes belonging form a subgroup of the carotenoids family. Thus, beta-carotene is considered to be an isoprenoid lipid molecule. beta-Carotene is a very hydrophobic molecule, practically insoluble (in water), and relatively neutral.
CAS Number7235-40-7
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
1,1'-[(1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,16-Tetramethyloctadeca-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-nonaene-1,18-diyl]bis(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexene)ChEBI
all-trans-beta-CaroteneChEBI
beta-KarotinChEBI
all-trans-b-CaroteneGenerator
all-trans-Β-caroteneGenerator
b-KarotinGenerator
Β-karotinGenerator
b-CaroteneGenerator
Β-caroteneGenerator
(all-e)-1,1'-(3,7,12,16-Tetramethyl-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-octadecanonaene-1,18-diyl)bisHMDB
(all-e)-1,1'-(3,7,12,16-Tetramethyl-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-octadecanonaene-1,18-diyl)bis[2,6,6-trimethyl-cyclohexeneHMDB
all-e-b-CaroteneHMDB
all-epsilon-beta-CaroteneHMDB
BetacaroteneHMDB
BetaVitHMDB
CarotabenHMDB
Carotene base 80SHMDB
FOOD Orange 5HMDB
KPMKHMDB
LucaratinHMDB
LucarotinHMDB
LurotinHMDB
ProvateneHMDB
ProvatenolHMDB
Rovimix b-caroteneHMDB
SerlaboHMDB
SolateneHMDB
Hermal brand OF betacaroteneHMDB
Max-caroHMDB
Merck brand OF betacaroteneHMDB
Roche brand OF betacaroteneHMDB
BellaCarotinHMDB
Betacarotene roche brandHMDB
Betacarotene solgar brandHMDB
Marlyn brand OF betacaroteneHMDB
Betacarotene hermal brandHMDB
Max caroHMDB
Solgar brand OF betacaroteneHMDB
3m Brand OF betacaroteneHMDB
Betacarotene 3m brandHMDB
Betacarotene marlyn brandHMDB
Betacarotene merck brandHMDB
Carotene, betaHMDB
MaxCaroHMDB
VetoronHMDB
beta CaroteneHMDB
b CaroteneHMDB
Β caroteneHMDB
beta-CaroteneHMDB
Carotinmanual
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00039 g/LALOGPS
logP9.72ALOGPS
logP11.12ChemAxon
logS-6.1ALOGPS
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area0 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count10ChemAxon
Refractivity191.61 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability72.05 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
BioavailabilityNoChemAxon
Rule of FiveNoChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC40H56
IUPAC name1,3,3-trimethyl-2-[(1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,16-tetramethyl-18-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl)octadeca-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-nonaen-1-yl]cyclohex-1-ene
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C40H56/c1-31(19-13-21-33(3)25-27-37-35(5)23-15-29-39(37,7)8)17-11-12-18-32(2)20-14-22-34(4)26-28-38-36(6)24-16-30-40(38,9)10/h11-14,17-22,25-28H,15-16,23-24,29-30H2,1-10H3/b12-11+,19-13+,20-14+,27-25+,28-26+,31-17+,32-18+,33-21+,34-22+
InChI KeyOENHQHLEOONYIE-JLTXGRSLSA-N
Isomeric SMILESC\C(\C=C\C=C(/C)\C=C\C1=C(C)CCCC1(C)C)=C/C=C/C=C(\C)/C=C/C=C(\C)/C=C/C1=C(C)CCCC1(C)C
Average Molecular Weight536.888
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight536.438201803
Classification
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carotenes. These are a type of unsaturated hydrocarbons containing eight consecutive isoprene units. They are characterized by the presence of two end-groups (mostly cyclohexene rings, but also cyclopentene rings or acyclic groups) linked by a long branched alkyl chain. Carotenes belonging form a subgroup of the carotenoids family.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassTetraterpenoids
Direct ParentCarotenes
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Carotene
  • Branched unsaturated hydrocarbon
  • Cycloalkene
  • Cyclic olefin
  • Unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbon
  • Unsaturated hydrocarbon
  • Olefin
  • Hydrocarbon
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Foods

Fruits and vegetables:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
EI-MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-05mx-9810010000-9a261fb8602890c2481eSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSCarotene, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-3211290000-f968c686d39ae0f0fc50Spectrum
MS/MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0016-2794670000-c5bc2a4dbcd0f12cbf7fSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0002-2687970000-782d048d873c21fc6b82Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-05ai-1009510000-585581456b10671692bdSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - FAB-EBEB (JMS-HX/HX 110A, JEOL) , Positivesplash10-05mx-2920010000-471219f3e66bafb29beeSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-0006-0144900000-2fa7b609c7300ff8aba3Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-0434190000-0f2f0f2c4af76e6c3322Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000b-0679100000-6f4450c8ade1963f9201Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000j-1789100000-6f2a7024e42303e7737aSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-0000090000-cdea7c2d939f0c68b905Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-0000090000-530c81799c9daabdc9bfSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-014i-0968170000-ec71ee19e546088e3b05Spectrum
NMR
TypeDescriptionView
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumSpectrum
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID23042
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDCAROTENE
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDCarotene
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).