Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:06:03 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 02:59:45 UTC
Primary IDFDB004028
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB002927
  • FDB030681
Chemical Information
FooDB NameEicosanic acid
DescriptionArachidic acid, also known as eicosanoic acid or eicosanoate, is a member of the class of compounds known as long-chain fatty acids. Long-chain fatty acids are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 13 and 21 carbon atoms. Thus, arachidic acid is considered to be a fatty acid lipid molecule. Arachidic acid is practically insoluble (in water) and a weakly acidic compound (based on its pKa). Arachidic acid can be found in a number of food items such as chinese cinnamon, strawberry, winged bean, and thistle, which makes arachidic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products. Arachidic acid can be found primarily in blood and feces. Moreover, arachidic acid is found to be associated with schizophrenia.
CAS Number506-30-9
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
Arachic acidChEBI
Arachidinic acidChEBI
ArachinsaeureChEBI
C20:0ChEBI
CH3-[CH2]18-COOHChEBI
Eicosanoic acidChEBI
N-Eicosanoic acidChEBI
ArachateGenerator
ArachidinateGenerator
EicosanoateGenerator
N-EicosanoateGenerator
ArachidateGenerator
Eicosoic acidHMDB
Icosanoic acidHMDB
EicosoateHMDB
IcosanoateHMDB
Arachidic acidHMDB
C 20HMDB
C20 fatty acidHMDB
FA(20:0)HMDB
Peanut acidHMDB
n-Eicosanic acidHMDB
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility5.0e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP8.53ALOGPS
logP8.03ChemAxon
logS-6.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area37.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count18ChemAxon
Refractivity95.49 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability42.91 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC20H40O2
IUPAC nameicosanoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C20H40O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20(21)22/h2-19H2,1H3,(H,21,22)
InChI KeyVKOBVWXKNCXXDE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight312.5304
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight312.302830524
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains between 13 and 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentLong-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Long-chain fatty acid
  • Straight chain fatty acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-0159-0900000000-cc7f30812c4ef45583b1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-0159-2901000000-7d146c5d993118307ce5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - EI-B (Non-derivatized)splash10-0596-9100000000-53a544b7fbf2ee3b176aJSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-0159-0900000000-cc7f30812c4ef45583b1JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0159-2901000000-7d146c5d993118307ce5JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-014i-1900000000-33733dae76fd89dc7394JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-9450000000-ff95bd6be578f2c72ce9JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0109-9560000000-d2d19ad6d5ef54fdf90aJSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-03di-0029000000-273e657da59fa67385c2JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-9200000000-84b07a6d22109c441336JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-9100000000-9d6e321e2bf8cd1f20e4JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-03di-0009000000-d7e3408b3b2e854229b0JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-03di-0109000000-c0ed9d28e54855b40069JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-0a6r-0013493000-832a78a9cf97d74660eaJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-06vi-0012391000-e4dcf31aba99059fcf39JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , positivesplash10-0a4i-0193000000-031626259c4a17016165JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , positivesplash10-0a4i-0091000000-9389b44ea9cfe1afe40bJSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0002-0092000000-c40a8544a31d253f26c6JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0i01-2491000000-60bf2b9a6912f287f6f0JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0zfu-8970000000-fd0569abd03da6142ee2JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0002-0092000000-c40a8544a31d253f26c6JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0i01-2491000000-60bf2b9a6912f287f6f0JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0zfu-8970000000-fd0569abd03da6142ee2JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-0049000000-54fd1cf54bdd386d406eJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-03xu-1095000000-2584a862e47ea0cb88f2JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052f-9140000000-2caaff4da05fbcb0fdf7JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-0049000000-54fd1cf54bdd386d406eJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-03xu-1095000000-2584a862e47ea0cb88f2JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052f-9140000000-2caaff4da05fbcb0fdf7JSpectraViewer
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0596-9100000000-091619221e36a7a177ffJSpectraViewer | MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDEICOSANIC-ACID
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).