Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:06:03 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 02:59:45 UTC
Primary IDFDB004035
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB003045
Chemical Information
FooDB NameHexacosaenoic acid
DescriptionHexacosanoic acid, also known as N-hexacosanoate or c26:0, is a member of the class of compounds known as very long-chain fatty acids. Very long-chain fatty acids are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains at least 22 carbon atoms. Thus, hexacosanoic acid is considered to be a fatty acid lipid molecule. Hexacosanoic acid is practically insoluble (in water) and a weakly acidic compound (based on its pKa). Hexacosanoic acid can be found in a number of food items such as dandelion, potato, cottonseed, and sugar apple, which makes hexacosanoic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products. Hexacosanoic acid can be found primarily in blood, as well as in human adrenal gland and fibroblasts tissues. Hexacosanoic acid exists in all eukaryotes, ranging from yeast to humans. In humans, hexacosanoic acid is involved in a couple of metabolic pathways, which include adrenoleukodystrophy, x-linked and beta oxidation of very long chain fatty acids. Hexacosanoic acid is also involved in carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency, which is a metabolic disorder. Moreover, hexacosanoic acid is found to be associated with adrenomyeloneuropathy, peroxisomal biogenesis defect, and adrenoleukodystrophy, neonatal. Hexacosanoic acid is a non-carcinogenic (not listed by IARC) potentially toxic compound. Cerotic acid is also a type of very long chain fatty acid that is often associated with the disease adrenoleukodystrophy, which involves the excessive saturation of unmetabolized fatty acid chains, including cerotic acid, in the peroxisome. [In the chem box it is shown folded only because of lack of space. In fact, it is a straight-chain, saturated fatty acid.] . Treatment options for adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) are limited. Dietary treatment is with Lorenzo's oil. For the childhood cerebral form, stem cell transplant and gene therapy are options if the disease is detected early in the clinical course. Adrenal insufficiency in ALD patients can be successfully treated (T3DB).
CAS NumberNot Available
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Chemical FormulaC26H52O2
IUPAC name
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C26H52O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-22-23-24-25-26(27)28/h2-25H2,1H3,(H,27,28)
InChI KeyXMHIUKTWLZUKEX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight396.6899
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight396.396730908
Classification
ClassificationNot classified
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MSNot Available
MS/MSNot Available
NMRNot Available
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDHEXACOSAENOIC-ACID
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).