Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:07:09 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 03:01:09 UTC
Primary IDFDB006453
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB030767
Chemical Information
FooDB NameGalactitol
DescriptionGalactitol, also known as dulcitol or melampyrit, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar alcohols. These are hydrogenated forms of carbohydrate in which the carbonyl group (aldehyde or ketone, reducing sugar) has been reduced to a primary or secondary hydroxyl group. Galactitol is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Galactitol exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. Galactitol has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as longans, mustard spinachs, parsley, boysenberries, and globe artichokes. This could make galactitol a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Galactitol is a potentially toxic compound. Galactitol, with regard to humans, has been found to be associated with several diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome and alzheimer's disease; galactitol has also been linked to the inborn metabolic disorder galactosemia.
CAS Number608-66-2
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(2R,3S,4R,5S)-Hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexolChEBI
D-DulcitolChEBI
D-GalactitolChEBI
DulcitolChEBI
DulcoseChEBI
EuonymitChEBI
L-GalactitolChEBI
MelampyrinChEBI
MelampyritChEBI
Ambap5938HMDB
DulciteHMDB
HexitolHMDB
MelampyriteHMDB
MelampyrumHMDB
Meso-galactitolHMDB
galacto-Hexitoldb_source
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility229 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.7ALOGPS
logP-3.7ChemAxon
logS0.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.59ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area121.38 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity38.4 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability17.25 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC6H14O6
IUPAC name(2R,3S,4R,5S)-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C6H14O6/c7-1-3(9)5(11)6(12)4(10)2-8/h3-12H,1-2H2/t3-,4+,5+,6-
InChI KeyFBPFZTCFMRRESA-GUCUJZIJSA-N
Isomeric SMILESOC[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)CO
Average Molecular Weight182.1718
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight182.07903818
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sugar alcohols. These are hydrogenated forms of carbohydrate in which the carbonyl group (aldehyde or ketone, reducing sugar) has been reduced to a primary or secondary hydroxyl group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentSugar alcohols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Sugar alcohol
  • Monosaccharide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Indirect biological role:

Biological role:

Industrial application:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting Point189.5 oC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water Solubility31 mg/mL at 15 oCYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
Experimental logP-3.10HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Pegasus III TOF-MS system, Leco; GC 6890, Agilent Technologies) (Non-derivatized)splash10-014j-0941000000-61141f9f2ddc66e0b016JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (6 TMS)splash10-0gb9-1983000000-0a0dafcfea843fbb3c72JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-EI-TOF (Non-derivatized)splash10-014j-0941000000-61141f9f2ddc66e0b016JSpectraViewer | MoNA
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized)splash10-0gb9-1983000000-0a0dafcfea843fbb3c72JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-03k9-9400000000-7a0f08ea65cbca1920f5JSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (6 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0a6s-7141193000-dcd9245e12314ee0ced4JSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-005a-5900000000-35da0de23de5b9170aedJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-9000000000-552b84764ceb9b497a7eJSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-052f-9000000000-dfb4eef021d94d514588JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-001i-1900000000-8fd623cab2d92c8fe6bcJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03di-9100000000-6b1add40ffbd73109f44JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-03dl-9000000000-91a1337ee99558df9b9bJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-00su-8900000000-bab2cfe2d89285b51d20JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-06y6-9100000000-d4d223d12ef78c8ca224JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0btc-9000000000-9c0d6465be9cdfd04388JSpectraViewer
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumNot AvailableJSpectraViewer
ChemSpider ID11357
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL1773904
KEGG Compound IDC01697
Pubchem Compound ID11850
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB00107
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDBVW44-V:BVW44-V
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDGALACTITOL
BIGG ID38183
KNApSAcK IDC00001160
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDGalactitol
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Galactose MetabolismSMP00043 map00052
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).