Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:08:14 UTC
Update date2020-09-17 15:35:53 UTC
Primary IDFDB008745
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB021489
Chemical Information
FooDB NameBenzyl alcohol
Description"alpha-Toluenol or benzyl alcohol, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as benzyl alcohols. These are organic compounds containing the phenylmethanol substructure. alpha-Toluenol is a colorless liquid with a sharp burning taste and slight odor. It is used as a local anesthetic and to reduce pain associated with lidocaine injections. Also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutical aid, and in perfumery and flavoring. alpha-Toluenol is an aromatic alcohol used in a wide variety of cosmetic formulations as a fragrance component, preservative, solvent, and viscosity-decreasing agent. alpha-Toluenol is metabolized to benzoic acid, which reacts with glycine and is excreted as hippuric acid from the human body. Acceptable daily intakes were established by the World Health Organization at 5 mg/kg for alpha-Toluenol. No adverse effects of alpha-toluenol have been seen in chronic exposure animal studies using rats and mice. Benzyl alcohol is not a sensitizer at 10%. It could be used safely at concentrations up to 5%, but manufacturers should consider the nonimmunologic phenomena when using benzyl alcohol in cosmetic formulations designed for infants and children. Additionally, benzyl alcohol is considered safe up to 10% for use in hair dyes. Benzyl alcohol is produced naturally by many plants and is commonly found in fruits and teas. It is found in a variety of essential oils including jasmine, hyacinth and ylang-ylang, both free and as esters and is also present in cherry, orange juice, mandarin peel oil, guava fruit, feijoa fruit, pineapple, leek, cinnamon, cloves, mustard, fermented tea, basil and red sage. Flavouring ingredient benzyl alcohol is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odor. It is a useful solvent due to its polarity, low toxicity, and low vapor pressure. Benzyl alcohol is found in many foods, some of which are towel gourd, cloud ear fungus, angelica, and safflower. "
CAS Number100-51-6
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(Hydroxymethyl)benzeneChEBI
Alcoholum benzylicumChEBI
Alcool benzyliqueChEBI
alpha-HydroxytolueneChEBI
alpha-ToluenolChEBI
Aromatic alcoholChEBI
BenzenecarbinolChEBI
BenzenemethanolChEBI
BenzylalkoholChEBI
Benzylic alcoholChEBI
HydroxymethylbenzeneChEBI
PhenylcarbinolChEBI
PhenylmethanolChEBI
Phenylmethyl alcoholChEBI
UlesfiaKegg
a-HydroxytolueneGenerator
Α-hydroxytolueneGenerator
a-ToluenolGenerator
Α-toluenolGenerator
.alpha.-hydroxytolueneHMDB
.alpha.-toluenolHMDB
Aromatic primary alcoholHMDB
BentalolHMDB
Benzal alcoholHMDB
BenzenmethanolHMDB
Benzoyl alcoholHMDB
Benzyl alkoholHMDB
Benzyl-alcoholHMDB
BenzylAlcoholHMDB
BenzylicumHMDB
Caswell no. 081FHMDB
EnzylalcoholHMDB
Euxyl K 100HMDB
HydroxytolueneHMDB
Itch-XHMDB
MBNHMDB
Methanol benzeneHMDB
PhenolcarbinolHMDB
PhenylcarbinolumHMDB
Sunmorl BK 20HMDB
TB 13gHMDB
Alcohol, benzylHMDB
Benzyl alcoholHMDB
α-Hydroxytoluenebiospider
α-Toluenolbiospider
Benzene carbinolbiospider
Benzenemethanol, 9CIdb_source
Benzylalcoholbiospider
Euxyl k 100HMDB
FEMA 2137db_source
Itch-xHMDB
Pentadeoterobenzyl alcoholbiospider
Peruvin?db_source
Phenyl methanolbiospider
Sunmorl bk 20HMDB
α-hydroxytolueneGenerator
α-toluenolGenerator
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility26.8 g/LALOGPS
logP1.07ALOGPS
logP1.21ChemAxon
logS-0.61ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)15.02ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity32.87 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.89 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC7H8O
IUPAC namephenylmethanol
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C7H8O/c8-6-7-4-2-1-3-5-7/h1-5,8H,6H2
InChI KeyWVDDGKGOMKODPV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESOCC1=CC=CC=C1
Average Molecular Weight108.1378
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight108.057514878
Classification
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as benzyl alcohols. These are organic compounds containing the phenylmethanol substructure.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassBenzyl alcohols
Direct ParentBenzyl alcohols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Benzyl alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic alcohol
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateLiquid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 77.75%; H 7.46%; O 14.80%DFC
Melting PointFp -15.2°DFC
Boiling PointBp10 93°DFC
Experimental Water Solubility42.9 mg/mL at 25 oCYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
Experimental logP1.10HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Experimental pKapKa 15.4 (25°)DFC
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
Densityd1515 1.05DFC
Refractive Indexn20D 1.5396DFC
Spectra
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
EI-MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-056r-9400000000-a8f1fd78fa3f8781f296Spectrum
GC-MSBenzyl alcohol, 1 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00ko-6900000000-a9d668ecd37a1579a6feSpectrum
GC-MSBenzyl alcohol, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-056r-9400000000-77cec715500da9c57a84Spectrum
GC-MSBenzyl alcohol, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-056r-9400000000-8dc38068387df3fa06aaSpectrum
GC-MSBenzyl alcohol, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-056r-9300000000-fb124b56257906cce9f1Spectrum
GC-MSBenzyl alcohol, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-056r-9400000000-7a77e67486ae3b2dd855Spectrum
GC-MSBenzyl alcohol, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-056r-9400000000-dd0878988e7c2d9a5431Spectrum
GC-MSBenzyl alcohol, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-00ko-6900000000-a9d668ecd37a1579a6feSpectrum
GC-MSBenzyl alcohol, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0006-8900000000-c256b0b7a0755f08ac64Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSBenzyl alcohol, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-054o-9200000000-a9f7c0f39c81d478c0d4Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSBenzyl alcohol, 1 TMS, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00dl-9300000000-e1cfa5e819f61adf9df2Spectrum
MS/MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-0a4i-9500000000-2a82c3dd7c6871f61c34Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-0006-9000000000-ad1762d5292c30b29bbdSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, N/A (Annotated)splash10-0006-9000000000-3c8d4c630cf42e3bfd3fSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI RMU-7M) , Positivesplash10-056r-9400000000-c4dcb2148958f946cd01Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI RMU-6M) , Positivesplash10-056r-9400000000-e17e577dbe4546313a91Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (JEOL JMS-01-SG-2) , Positivesplash10-056r-9300000000-fb124b56257906cce9f1Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80) , Positivesplash10-056r-9400000000-47b3605316c57e02b84fSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - EI-B (HITACHI M-80B) , Positivesplash10-056r-9400000000-dd0878988e7c2d9a5431Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-0a4i-3900000000-4d1bf15f6cf8f65bf0a6Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-0900000000-3a71c23796a048eb999cSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-40737e7bdf548d714249Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0uxr-9100000000-23e82914cfa9372ecafcSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-1900000000-17f95f5a398b5850abb2Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a6r-7900000000-733d283e0916e755a736Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9000000000-d0c6e5fc39516ee594b4Spectrum
NMR
TypeDescriptionView
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumSpectrum
ChemSpider ID13860335
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL720
KEGG Compound IDC03485
Pubchem Compound ID244
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17987
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDDB06770
HMDB IDHMDB03119
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDDVN84-K:DVN84-K
EAFUS ID312
Dr. Duke IDBENZYL-ALCOHOL
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00029811
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet ID100-51-6
GoodScent IDrw1001651
SuperScent ID244
Wikipedia IDBenzyl_alcohol
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
allergenic50904 A chemical compound which causes the onset of an allergic reaction by interacting with any of the molecular pathways involved in an allergy.DUKE
anestheticDUKE
anti odontalgicDUKE
anti pruritic50177 A drug used to treat or prevent skin disorders or for the routine care of skin.DUKE
anti septic33281 A substance that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoans.DUKE
flavor48318 A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.DUKE
fungicide24127 A substance used to destroy fungal pests.DUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
sedative35717 A central nervous system depressant used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.DUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
sweet
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
flower
  1. Arn, H, Acree TE. “Flavornet: A database of aroma compounds based on odor potency in natural products”. Developments in Food Science 40 (1998): 27. doi:10.1016/S0167-4501(98)80029-0
berry
  1. Dunkel, M. et al. SuperScent – a database of flavors and scents. Nucleic Acids Research 2008, doi:10.1093/nar/gkn695
cherry
  1. Dunkel, M. et al. SuperScent – a database of flavors and scents. Nucleic Acids Research 2008, doi:10.1093/nar/gkn695
grapefruit
  1. Dunkel, M. et al. SuperScent – a database of flavors and scents. Nucleic Acids Research 2008, doi:10.1093/nar/gkn695
walnut
  1. Dunkel, M. et al. SuperScent – a database of flavors and scents. Nucleic Acids Research 2008, doi:10.1093/nar/gkn695
floral
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
rose
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
phenolic
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
balsamic
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).