Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:09:51 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 03:05:30 UTC
Primary IDFDB011829
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB Namealpha-D-Glucopyranose
Descriptionalpha-D-Glucose, also known as alpha-dextrose or alpha-D-GLC, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hexoses. These are monosaccharides in which the sugar unit is a is a six-carbon containing moeity. alpha-D-Glucose is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). alpha-D-Glucose exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. alpha-D-Glucose has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as horseradish tree, burbots, mamey sapotes, sea-buckthornberries, and pummelo. This could make alpha-D-glucose a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods.
CAS Number492-62-6
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
alpha-D-GLCChEBI
alpha-DextroseChEBI
a-D-GLCGenerator
Α-D-GLCGenerator
a-DextroseGenerator
Α-dextroseGenerator
a-D-GlucoseGenerator
Α-D-glucoseGenerator
a-D-GlucopyranoseHMDB
a-GlucoseHMDB
alpha-D-GlucopyranoseHMDB
alpha-delta-GlucopyranoseHMDB
alpha-delta-GlucoseHMDB
alpha-GlucoseHMDB
HexopyranoseHMDB
Anhydrous dextroseHMDB
D GlucoseHMDB
D-GlucoseHMDB
DextroseHMDB
Dextrose, anhydrousHMDB
GlucoseHMDB
Glucose monohydrateHMDB
Glucose, (DL)-isomerHMDB
Glucose, (L)-isomerHMDB
Glucose, (alpha-D)-isomerHMDB
Glucose, (beta-D)-isomerHMDB
L GlucoseHMDB
L-GlucoseHMDB
Monohydrate, glucoseHMDB
1,3-alpha-D-GlucanHMDB
alpha-1,3-GlucanHMDB
alpha-D-GlucopyranosideHMDB
a-D-GlcGenerator
a-D-glucopyranosemanual
a-D-glucosemanual
alpha-D-GlcChEBI
Alpha-d-glucopyranosebiospider
Alpha-d-glucosebiospider
Alpha-delta-glucopyranosebiospider
Alpha-delta-glucosebiospider
Glucopyranose, alpha-d-biospider
α-D-glcGenerator
α-D-glucoseGenerator
α-dextroseGenerator
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility782 g/LALOGPS
logP-2.6ALOGPS
logP-2.9ChemAxon
logS0.64ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area110.38 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity35.92 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability16.09 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC6H12O6
IUPAC name(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C6H12O6/c7-1-2-3(8)4(9)5(10)6(11)12-2/h2-11H,1H2/t2-,3-,4+,5-,6+/m1/s1
InChI KeyWQZGKKKJIJFFOK-DVKNGEFBSA-N
Isomeric SMILESOC[C@H]1O[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1O
Average Molecular Weight180.1559
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight180.063388116
Classification
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hexoses. These are monosaccharides in which the sugar unit is a is a six-carbon containing moeity.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentHexoses
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Hexose monosaccharide
  • Oxane
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hemiacetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 40.00%; H 6.71%; O 53.28%DFC
Melting PointMp 83° (monohyd.)DFC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water Solubility500 mg/mL at 20 oCYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical Rotation[a]20D +111.2 -> +52.5 (c, 10 in H2O)DFC
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPolydextrose, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0np0-9700000000-e8d638dc817e46b97d7bSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPolydextrose, 5 TMS, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-004i-6122690000-eaf6f7adf34ccd0c667bSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPolydextrose, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
MS/MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9100000000-57ee067515dbaeec1e272021-09-20View Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Negativesplash10-0ab9-9100000000-311a61760b7c0dc3a7e12021-09-20View Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Negativesplash10-0ab9-9100000000-f2beec08615d57ac1a022021-09-20View Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 35V, Negativesplash10-0ab9-9100000000-eb694004566014e0b2672021-09-20View Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-906b2fd231873b000e082021-09-20View Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4i-9000000000-3cd19dc7a445df26b86d2021-09-20View Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-000i-9100000000-53278ff57ca00e1b5d1a2012-07-25View Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-0079-9000000000-c4182c64988208ac78b02012-07-25View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-2900000000-a4ec4f0b1e29e360a9522016-09-12View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-01t9-6900000000-7b3ea9c64ecc8d4ac8672016-09-12View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052f-9100000000-ec2bf4918640a0a363982016-09-12View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-2900000000-2448926b508622464fe72021-09-25View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-056r-8900000000-4c073cb93b78120113e62021-09-25View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4l-9000000000-ece70093ab5d3c331ac42021-09-25View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-01q9-0900000000-b0bc47623e7b2ca31c022016-09-12View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03ea-3900000000-648e1637af29cf2a35182016-09-12View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0007-9200000000-9e6f46a1cbf52d6e347a2016-09-12View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-01qa-0900000000-04ceb34d441ff6a757632021-09-25View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-03dl-9400000000-a8f1ceab155611f949c12021-09-25View Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-01ow-9000000000-358f68fc2b7a72c275462021-09-25View Spectrum
NMR
TypeDescriptionView
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, D2O, experimental)Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 100 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 1000 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 200 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 300 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 400 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 500 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 600 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 700 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 800 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR13C NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
1D NMR1H NMR Spectrum (1D, 900 MHz, D2O, predicted)Spectrum
2D NMR[1H, 13C]-HSQC NMR Spectrum (2D, 600 MHz, H2O, experimental)Spectrum
ChemSpider ID71358
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL423707
KEGG Compound IDC00267
Pubchem Compound ID79025
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17925
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB03345
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDHHS40-R:GZR40-X
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDALPHA-GLUCOSE
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00001122
HET IDGLC
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDGlucose
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Lactase-phlorizin hydrolaseLCTP09848
Beta-galactosidaseGLB1P16278
TrehalaseTREHO43280
Glycogen debranching enzymeAGLP35573
Sucrase-isomaltase, intestinalSIP14410
Lysosomal alpha-glucosidaseGAAP10253
Maltase-glucoamylase, intestinalMGAMO43451
Neutral alpha-glucosidase CGANCQ8TET4
GlucosylceramidaseGBAP04062
GlucokinaseGCKP35557
Hexokinase-3HK3P52790
Hexokinase-2HK2P52789
Hexokinase-1HK1P19367
Glucokinase regulatory proteinGCKRQ14397
Aldose 1-epimeraseGALMQ96C23
Glucose-6-phosphataseG6PCP35575
Glucose-6-phosphatase 2G6PC2Q9NQR9
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Fructose and Mannose DegradationSMP00064 map00051
Galactose MetabolismSMP00043 map00052
GluconeogenesisSMP00128 map00010
GlycolysisSMP00040 map00010
Nucleotide Sugars MetabolismSMP00010 map00520
Retinol MetabolismSMP00074 map00830
Starch and Sucrose MetabolismSMP00058 map00500
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.