Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:10:14 UTC
Update date2020-09-17 15:31:47 UTC
Primary IDFDB012567
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB030958
Chemical Information
FooDB NameL-Aspartic acid
DescriptionAspartic acid (Asp, D), also known as aspartate, the name of its anion, is one of the 20 natural proteinogenic amino acids which are the building blocks of proteins. As its name indicates, aspartic acid is the carboxylic acid analog of asparagine. As a neurotransmitter, aspartic acid may provide resistance to fatigue and thus lead to endurance, although the evidence to support this idea is not strong. Aspartic acid is a nonessential amino acid, since it can be made from glutamic acid by enzymes using vitamin B6. The amino acid has important roles in the urea cycle and DNA metabolism. Aspartic acid is a major excitatory neurotransmitter, which is sometimes found to be increased in epileptic and stroke patients. It is decreased in depressed patients and in patients with brain atrophy. Aspartic acid supplements are being evaluated. Five grams can raise blood levels. Magnesium and zinc may be natural inhibitors of some of the actions of aspartic acid. Aspartic acid, with the amino acid phenylalanine, is a part of the natural sweetener, aspartame. This sweetener is an advance in artificial sweeteners and is probably safe in normal doses to all except phenylketonurics. The jury is still out on the long-term effects it has on many brain neurohormones. Aspartic acid may be a significant immunostimulant of the thymus and can protect against some of the damaging effects of radiation. Many claims have been made for the special value of administering aspartic acid in the form of potassium and magnesium salts. Since aspartic acid is relatively nontoxic, studies are now in progress to elucidate its pharmacological and therapeutic roles.
CAS Number56-84-8
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(+)-Aspartatebiospider
(+)-Aspartic acidbiospider
(2S)-2-Aminobutanedioic acidbiospider
(2S)-Aspartatebiospider
(2S)-Aspartic acidbiospider
(L)-Aspartatebiospider
(L)-Aspartic acidbiospider
(R)-2-AminosuccinateHMDB
(S)-(+)-Aminosuccinic acidbiospider
(S)-(+)-Aspartatebiospider
(S)-(+)-Aspartic acidbiospider
(S)-2-AminobutanedioateGenerator
(S)-2-Aminobutanedioic acidbiospider
(S)-2-Aminosuccinatebiospider
(S)-2-Aminosuccinic acidbiospider
(S)-amino-ButanedioateHMDB
(S)-amino-Butanedioic acidHMDB
(S)-Aminobutanedioatebiospider
(S)-Aminobutanedioic acidbiospider
(S)-Aspartatebiospider
(S)-Aspartic acidbiospider
2-amino-3-MethylsuccinateHMDB
2-amino-3-Methylsuccinic acidHMDB
2-AminosuccinateGenerator
2-Aminosuccinic acidChEBI
alpha-AminosuccinateHMDB
alpha-Aminosuccinic acidHMDB
AminosuccinateHMDB
AspChEBI
AsparagateHMDB
Asparagic acidHMDB
AsparaginateHMDB
Asparaginic acidHMDB
AsparatateHMDB
ASPARTateGenerator
Aspartic acid, INN, USAN; L-formdb_source
Aspartic acid, L- (8CI)biospider
DChEBI
FEMA 3656db_source
H-Asp-OHHMDB
L-(+)-Aspartatebiospider
L-(+)-Aspartic acidbiospider
L-2-Aminobutanedioic acidbiospider
L-Aminosuccinatebiospider
L-Aminosuccinic acidbiospider
L-Asparagatebiospider
L-Asparagic acidbiospider
L-Asparaginatebiospider
L-Asparaginic acidbiospider
L-AsparaginsaeureChEBI
L-Aspartatebiospider
L-Aspartic acid (9CI)biospider
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Chemical FormulaC4H7NO4
IUPAC name
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C4H7NO4/c5-2(4(8)9)1-3(6)7/h2H,1,5H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9)/t2-/m0/s1
InChI KeyCKLJMWTZIZZHCS-REOHCLBHSA-N
Isomeric SMILESN[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight133.1027
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight133.037507717
Classification
ClassificationNot classified
Ontology
Physiological effect

Health effect:

Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 36.10%; H 5.30%; N 10.52%; O 48.08%DFC
Melting PointMp 269-271° dec.DFC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water Solubility5.36 mg/mL at 25 oCYALKOWSKY,SH & HE,Y (2003)
Experimental logP-3.89CHMELIK,J ET AL. (1991)
Experimental pKapKa3 9.82-0 (25°,1-COOH)DFC
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical Rotation[a]D +25.4 (c, 1 in 5M HCl)DFC
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MSNot Available
MS/MSNot Available
NMRNot Available
ChemSpider ID5745
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL274323
KEGG Compound IDC00049
Pubchem Compound ID5960
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID17053
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDDB00128
HMDB IDHMDB00191
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDHJB19-Y:HJB17-W
EAFUS ID264
Dr. Duke IDASPARAGINIC-ACID|ASPARAGIC-ACID|ASPARTIC-ACID|L-ASPARTIC-ACID
BIGG ID33663
KNApSAcK IDC00001342
HET IDASP
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDrw1037291
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDAspartic_acid
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
anti morphinicDUKE
neuroexcitantDUKE
roborantDUKE
neurotransmitter25512 An endogenous compound that is used to transmit information across the synapse between a neuron and another cell.CHEBI
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Aspartate aminotransferase, cytoplasmicGOT1P17174
Aspartate aminotransferase, mitochondrialGOT2P00505
Asparagine synthetase [glutamine-hydrolyzing]ASNSP08243
Isoaspartyl peptidase/L-asparaginaseASRGL1Q7L266
60 kDa lysophospholipaseASPGQ86U10
Lysozyme CLYZP61626
Putative aspartate aminotransferase, cytoplasmic 2GOT1L1Q8NHS2
Glutamate decarboxylase 2GAD2Q05329
Glutamate decarboxylase 1GAD1Q99259
Argininosuccinate synthaseASS1P00966
AspartoacylaseASPAP45381
Aspartoacylase-2ACY3Q96HD9
Ribonuclease pancreaticRNASE1P07998
Aspartate aminotransferaseGIG18Q2TU84
Aspartate--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmicDARSP14868
Multifunctional protein ADE2PAICSP22234
N(4)-(beta-N-acetylglucosaminyl)-L-asparaginaseAGAP20933
Aspartate--tRNA ligase, mitochondrialDARS2Q6PI48
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Ammonia RecyclingSMP00009 map00910
Arginine and Proline MetabolismSMP00020 map00330
Aspartate MetabolismSMP00067 map00250
Beta-Alanine MetabolismSMP00007 map00410
Malate-Aspartate ShuttleSMP00129 Not Available
Transcription/TranslationSMP00019 Not Available
Urea CycleSMP00059 map00330
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
odorless
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Saxholt, E., et al. 'Danish food composition databank, revision 7.' Department of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark (2008).
— U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 2008. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 21. Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page.
— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).