Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:11:19 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 03:10:13 UTC
Primary IDFDB014506
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • FDB030581
Chemical Information
FooDB NameL-5-Oxo-2-pyrrolidinecarboxylic acid
DescriptionPyroglutamic acid, also known as pyroglutamate or pidolate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha amino acids and derivatives. These are amino acids in which the amino group is attached to the carbon atom immediately adjacent to the carboxylate group (alpha carbon), or a derivative thereof. Pyroglutamic acid is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Pyroglutamic acid exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. Pyroglutamic acid is a mild, sweet, and ethereal tasting compound. Pyroglutamic acid is found, on average, in the highest concentration within soy beans and beers. Pyroglutamic acid has also been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as common buckwheats, allspices, butternut squash, pulses, and hazelnuts. This could make pyroglutamic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Pyroglutamic acid is a potentially toxic compound.
CAS Number98-79-3
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(-)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidChEBI
(S)-(-)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidChEBI
(S)-Pyroglutamic acidChEBI
5-Pyrrolidone-2-carboxylic acidChEBI
L-5-Pyrrolidone-2-carboxylic acidChEBI
L-Pyroglutamic acidChEBI
Pidolic acidChEBI
PyroglutamateChEBI
5-oxo-L-ProlineKegg
(-)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylateGenerator
(S)-(-)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylateGenerator
(S)-PyroglutamateGenerator
5-Pyrrolidone-2-carboxylateGenerator
L-5-Pyrrolidone-2-carboxylateGenerator
L-PyroglutamateGenerator
PidolateGenerator
(-)-PyroglutamateHMDB
(-)-Pyroglutamic acidHMDB
(5S)-2-Oxopyrrolidine-5-carboxylateHMDB
(5S)-2-Oxopyrrolidine-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
(S)-(-)-g-Butyrolactam-g-carboxylateHMDB
(S)-(-)-g-Butyrolactam-g-carboxylic acidHMDB
(S)-(-)-gamma-Butyrolactam-gamma-carboxylateHMDB
(S)-(-)-gamma-Butyrolactam-gamma-carboxylic acidHMDB
(S)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylateHMDB
(S)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
(S)-5-oxo-2-PyrrolidinecarboxylateHMDB
(S)-5-oxo-2-Pyrrolidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
2-L-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylateHMDB
2-L-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
2-Oxopyrrolidine-5(S)-carboxylateHMDB
2-Oxopyrrolidine-5(S)-carboxylic acidHMDB
2-Pyrrolidinone-5-carboxylateHMDB
2-Pyrrolidinone-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
5-Carboxy-2-pyrrolidinoneHMDB
5-L-OxoprolineHMDB
5-OxoprolineHMDB
5-Pyrrolidinone-2-carboxylateHMDB
5-Pyrrolidinone-2-carboxylic acidHMDB
Ajidew a 100HMDB
GlutimateHMDB
Glutimic acidHMDB
GlutiminateHMDB
Glutiminic acidHMDB
L-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylateHMDB
L-2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
L-5-Carboxy-2-pyrrolidinoneHMDB
L-5-oxo-2-PyrrolidinecarboxylateHMDB
L-5-oxo-2-Pyrrolidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
L-5-OxoprolineHMDB
L-Glutamic acid g-lactamHMDB
L-GlutimateHMDB
L-Glutimic acidHMDB
L-GlutiminateHMDB
L-Glutiminic acidHMDB
L-PyrrolidinonecarboxylateHMDB
L-Pyrrolidinonecarboxylic acidHMDB
L-PyrrolidonecarboxylateHMDB
L-Pyrrolidonecarboxylic acidHMDB
OxoprolineHMDB
OxopyrrolidinecarboxylateHMDB
Oxopyrrolidinecarboxylic acidHMDB
PidolidoneHMDB
PyrrolidinonecarboxylateHMDB
Pyrrolidinonecarboxylic acidHMDB
Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylateHMDB
Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
Pyrrolidonecarboxylic acidHMDB
5-KetoprolineHMDB
Pidolate, magnesiumHMDB
5-Oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acidHMDB
Magnesium pidolateHMDB
2-Pyrrolidone-5-carboxylic acidHMDB
5-OxoprolinateHMDB
PCAHMDB
(2S)-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acidbiospider
(s)-(-)-g-butyrolactam-g-carboxylatebiospider
(s)-(-)-g-butyrolactam-g-carboxylic acidbiospider
(s)-(-)-gamma-butyrolactam-gamma-carboxylatebiospider
(s)-(-)-gamma-butyrolactam-gamma-carboxylic acidbiospider
(S)-5-Oxo-2-pyrrolidinecarboxylatebiospider
(S)-5-Oxo-2-pyrrolidinecarboxylic acidbiospider
(s)-pyroglutamatebiospider
(s)-pyroglutamic acidbiospider
5-L-oxoprolinebiospider
5-Oxo-2-pyrrolidinecarboxylic acid; L-formdb_source
5-Oxo-L-prolinebiospider
L-5-Oxo-2-pyrrolidinecarboxylatebiospider
L-5-Oxo-2-pyrrolidinecarboxylic acidbiospider
l-5-Pyrrolidone-2-carboxylic acidbiospider
L-glutamic acid g-lactambiospider
L-glutamic acid gamma-lactambiospider
L-glutimatebiospider
L-glutimic acidbiospider
L-glutiminatebiospider
L-glutiminic acidbiospider
L-pyroglutamatebiospider
L-pyroglutamic acidbiospider
L-pyrrolidinonecarboxylatebiospider
L-pyrrolidinonecarboxylic acidbiospider
L-pyrrolidonecarboxylatebiospider
L-pyrrolidonecarboxylic acidbiospider
Pyroglutamic acidChEBI
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility151 g/LALOGPS
logP-1ALOGPS
logP-0.89ChemAxon
logS0.07ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.61ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area66.4 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity28.09 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability11.56 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC5H7NO3
IUPAC name(2S)-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C5H7NO3/c7-4-2-1-3(6-4)5(8)9/h3H,1-2H2,(H,6,7)(H,8,9)/t3-/m0/s1
InChI KeyODHCTXKNWHHXJC-VKHMYHEASA-N
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)[C@@H]1CCC(=O)N1
Average Molecular Weight129.114
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight129.042593095
Classification
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha amino acids and derivatives. These are amino acids in which the amino group is attached to the carbon atom immediately adjacent to the carboxylate group (alpha carbon), or a derivative thereof.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentAlpha amino acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Pyrroline carboxylic acid
  • Pyrroline carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Pyrroline
  • Cyclic carboximidic acid
  • Lactim
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 46.51%; H 5.46%; N 10.85%; O 37.17%DFC
Melting PointMp 156-157°DFC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water Solubility476 mg/mL at 13 oCBEILSTEIN
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical Rotation[a]20D -11.45 (c, 4.44 in H2O)DFC
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
EI-MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-001i-9000000000-6c87253da642bb4800dfSpectrum
GC-MSPsidiolic acid, 2 TMS, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0ab9-8900000000-f79dc90370ba38f587c9Spectrum
GC-MSPsidiolic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0ab9-8900000000-f79dc90370ba38f587c9Spectrum
GC-MSPsidiolic acid, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-0a4i-0900000000-90fb43273551aeb9b2c4Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPsidiolic acid, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0a6r-9000000000-130a8f31f82e83c4be07Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPsidiolic acid, 1 TMS, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-05fr-9200000000-d69b52257404ab658d5bSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPsidiolic acid, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPsidiolic acid, TMS_1_2, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPsidiolic acid, TBDMS_1_1, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPsidiolic acid, TBDMS_1_2, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
MS/MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 10V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-001i-9500000000-ebc64308ec5d5bdb303eSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 25V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-053r-9000000000-7377cb17491942e9589cSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Quattro_QQQ 40V, Positive (Annotated)splash10-053u-9000000000-fcab1396867356ebd6aeSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-0900000000-5b0c6536e1b3217b8544Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-0900000000-c30ac0bd264c8007ef92Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-004i-5900000000-ea3a164653e4235716aeSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0f89-9000000000-f6620738e68f990d0594Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0udi-9000000000-7937bee2e9a6d6b29cbdSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Negativesplash10-004i-0900000000-f20401903b234914b936Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-0900000000-9446bb65e0edd72cfd59Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Negativesplash10-0059-7900000000-74eccdeb9f0d5fd17614Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Negativesplash10-0f8a-9000000000-8786a9cd5e488192f34dSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Negativesplash10-0f6t-9000000000-ebcc1ac4acd525218e80Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-01q9-2900000000-754ae9b699ec1b22cd76Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-001i-9300000000-eabb8c4dc0d1111e0431Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-00lr-9100000000-1dd17702aee7e5bce618Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-067i-9000000000-c9669794d3a8746be498Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-014i-9000000000-9e103abb0a6ed890051eSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 10V, Positivesplash10-03e9-3900000000-da8cf252285c1d616586Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 20V, Positivesplash10-01q9-9400000000-96a7fe5a81188c49d1baSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 30V, Positivesplash10-014i-9000000000-356215339a43217dea66Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 40V, Positivesplash10-02vl-9000000000-ed47ec6e675eb338da19Spectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QQ (API3000, Applied Biosystems) 50V, Positivesplash10-014i-9000000000-f647da344adbdf7bfb1bSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Positivesplash10-001i-9200000000-0bddc68d58c6fb981d1aSpectrum
MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-QTOF (UPLC Q-Tof Premier, Waters) , Negativesplash10-004i-0900000000-c70c79fa828bbf137ebcSpectrum
NMR
TypeDescriptionView
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
2D NMR[1H,13C] 2D NMR SpectrumSpectrum
ChemSpider ID7127
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL397976
KEGG Compound IDC01879
Pubchem Compound ID7405
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID18183
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDDB03088
HMDB IDHMDB00267
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDHQL64-D:JRM15-X
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDPYROGLUTAMIC-ACID
BIGG ID1800372
KNApSAcK IDC00007403
HET IDPCA
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDrw1142131
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDPyroglutamic acid
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
anti lipolyticDUKE
insulinicDUKE
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Gamma-glutamylcyclotransferaseGGCTO75223
5-oxoprolinaseOPLAHO14841
AngiogeninANGP03950
Vascular endothelial growth factor AVEGFAP15692
OrexinHCRTO43612
Ig lambda-1 chain C regionsIGLC1P0CG04
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Glutathione MetabolismSMP00015 map00480
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
mild
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
sweet
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
ethereal
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSshow
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).