Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:11:33 UTC
Update date2020-09-17 15:30:26 UTC
Primary IDFDB014941
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameL-Linalool
DescriptionBeta-Linalool or 3,7-Dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-ol, also known simply as linalool is a naturally occurring terpene alcohol. It belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyclic monoterpenoids. These are monoterpenes that do not contain a cycle. Linalool has a role as a plant metabolite, a volatile oil component, an antimicrobial agent and a fragrance. There are two stereoisomers of Linalool, (S)-linalool and (R)-linalool. Linalool is used as a scent in 60% to 80% of perfumed hygiene products and cleaning agents including soaps, detergents, shampoos, and lotions. Linalool is also used by pest professionals as a flea, fruit fly, and cockroach insecticide. Linalool is found in more than 200 different species of plants, including many flowers and spice plants. (S)-linalool is found, for example, as a major constituent of the essential oils of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), cymbopogon (Cymbopogon martini var. martinii), and sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) flowers. (R)-linalool is present in lavender (Lavandula officinalis), bay laurel (Laurus nobilis), and sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum), among others. Linalool is also found in plants from the Lamiaceae family (mint and other herbs), Lauraceae (laurels, cinnamon, rosewood), Cinnamomum tamala, Solidago Meyen, Artemisia vulgaris (mugwort), Humulus lupulus. Like the majority of monoterpenes, linalool starts with the condensation of dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP) and isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) to form geranyl pyrophosphate (GPP) (PMID: 7640522). Linalool is then synthesized with the aid of linalool synthase (LIS) (PMID: 12572612). Linalool has a citrus, floral, rose, woody aroma and a citrus, orange, waxy taste. Linalool is found in a few different foods and spices, such as spearmints, corianders, common thymes, limes, grapes, lemons, grapefruit, oranges, pineapples, blackcurrants, basil, and common oregano. This could make, Linalool a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Linalool is also synthesized, de novo, by yeast (C. cerevisiae) and may contribute to the floral tones found in some wines (PMID: 15668008).
CAS Number126-91-0
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(+)-LinaloolChEBI
(3S)-3,7-Dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-olChEBI
(3S)-LinaloolChEBI
(S)-(+)-LinaloolChEBI
(S)-3,7-Dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-olChEBI
(S)-LinalolChEBI
(-)-3,7-Dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-olHMDB
(-)-LinaloolHMDB
(-)-R-LinaloolHMDB
(3R)-3,7-Dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-olHMDB
(3R)-3,7-Dimethylocta-1,6-dien-3-olHMDB
(3R)-LinaloolHMDB
(R)-(-)-3,7-Dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-olHMDB
(R)-(-)-LinaloolHMDB
(R)-LinalolHMDB
(R)-LinaloolHMDB
L-LinaloolHMDB
LicareolHMDB
(-)-3,7-dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-olbiospider
(3R)-3,7-dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-olbiospider
(3R)-3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-dien-3-olbiospider
(R)-3,7-dimethyl-1,6-octadien-3-olbiospider
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.48 g/LALOGPS
logP2.68ALOGPS
logP2.65ChemAxon
logS-2.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)18.46ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity50.21 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability18.97 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC10H18O
IUPAC name(3S)-3,7-dimethylocta-1,6-dien-3-ol
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C10H18O/c1-5-10(4,11)8-6-7-9(2)3/h5,7,11H,1,6,8H2,2-4H3/t10-/m1/s1
InChI KeyCDOSHBSSFJOMGT-SNVBAGLBSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCC(C)=CCC[C@](C)(O)C=C
Average Molecular Weight154.2493
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight154.135765198
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyclic monoterpenoids. These are monoterpenes that do not contain a cycle.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassMonoterpenoids
Direct ParentAcyclic monoterpenoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Acyclic monoterpenoid
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 77.87%; H 11.76%; O 10.37%DFC
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointBp756 197-200°DFC
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical Rotation[a]20D -17DFC
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00xr-9100000000-ddd4389422ee0f3334dfJSpectraViewer
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0006-9810000000-fc748fa570a2ba218685JSpectraViewer
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , negativesplash10-052r-1900000000-8ca412f7f764aeb65060JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , positivesplash10-000i-4900000000-656054d8175600557e75JSpectraViewer | MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - Linear Ion Trap , positivesplash10-053r-0900000000-7fca9e4a66d81b435569JSpectraViewer | MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-052r-1900000000-b8dd7418c39ef6db8f40JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-05nr-9600000000-9d3208f5b352b9b9781cJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0gb9-9100000000-4bc6e60fbc702ce661a5JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0udi-0900000000-0405dd8fcdc66cf24c7aJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0udi-1900000000-db461e62c034d983da23JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0lei-9500000000-a32dadbfc03fff9b63f8JSpectraViewer
ChemSpider ID391430
ChEMBL IDCHEMBL235672
KEGG Compound IDC11388
Pubchem Compound ID443158
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB36101
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDJXL03-D:JXL04-E
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDL-LINALOOL|(R)-LINALOOL|(-)-LINALOOL
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00003047
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDrw1011631
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
fresh
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
floral
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
woody
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
natural
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
deep
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
lavender
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.