Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:11:49 UTC
Update date2015-07-20 23:17:41 UTC
Primary IDFDB015395
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameSodium hypochlorite
DescriptionBleaching agent for starch; also used in washing and lye peeling of fruits and vegetables Chlorination of drinking water can oxidize organic contaminants, producing trihalomethanes (also called haloforms), which are carcinogenic. The extent of the hazard thus created is a subject of disagreement.; Household bleach sold for use in laundering clothes is a 3-6% solution of sodium hypochlorite at the time of manufacture. Strength varies from one formulation to another and gradually decreases with long storage.; Sodium hypochlorite is a chemical compound with the formula NaClO. Sodium hypochlorite solution, commonly known as bleach, is frequently used as a disinfectant or a bleaching agent.; Sodium hypochlorite is a strong oxidizer. Products of the oxidation reactions are corrosive. Solutions burn skin and cause eye damage, particularly when used in concentrated forms. However, as recognized by the NFPA, only solutions containing more than 40% sodium hypochlorite by weight are considered hazardous oxidizers. Solutions less than 40% are classified as a moderate oxidizing hazard (NFPA 430, 2000).; Sodium thiosulfate (hypo) is an effective chlorine neutralizer. Rinsing with a 5 mg/L solution, followed by washing with soap and water, quickly removes chlorine odor from the hands.
CAS Number7681-52-9
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
Hypochlorite sodiumChEBI
Hypochlorous acid, sodium saltChEBI
NaClOChEBI
NaOClChEBI
Sodium oxychlorideChEBI
TexantKegg
CloroxMeSH
Hypochlorite, sodiumMeSH
Sodium hypochlorite (solution)MeSH
AntiforminMeSH
Ad gelbiospider
B-k liquidbiospider
Chloric(I) acid sodium saltdb_source
Chlorinated water (sodium hypochlorite)biospider
Chlorosbiospider
Chloroxbiospider
Cloralexbiospider
Cloropoolbiospider
Clorox liquid bleachbiospider
Deosanbiospider
Deosan green label steriliserbiospider
Di-dak-solbiospider
Dispatchbiospider
Exseptbiospider
Exsept (0.114%)biospider
Hospital miltonbiospider
Household bleachbiospider
Hycloritebiospider
Hypochlorous acid sodium salt, 8CIdb_source
Hypochlorous acid, sodium salt (1:1)biospider
Hyposan and voxsanbiospider
Hypurebiospider
Hypure nbiospider
Javel waterbiospider
Javelle waterbiospider
Javexbiospider
Klorocinbiospider
Miltonbiospider
Milton crystalsbiospider
Natrum hypochlorosumbiospider
Neo-cleanerbiospider
Neoseptal CLbiospider
Parozonebiospider
Purin bbiospider
Sodium chlorate(I)db_source
Sodium hypochlorite (jan/usp)biospider
Sodium hypochlorite (naclo)biospider
Sodium hypochlorite (naocl)biospider
Sodium hypochlorite [hypochloride salts]biospider
Sodium hypochlorite [usan:jan]biospider
Sunnysol 150biospider
Surchlorbiospider
Texant (TN)biospider
Youxiaolinbiospider
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP0.32ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Acidic)10.13ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area23.06 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity7.58 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability3.15 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaClNaO
IUPAC namesodium hypochlorite
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/ClO.Na/c1-2;/q-1;+1
InChI KeySUKJFIGYRHOWBL-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILES[Na+].[O-]Cl
Average Molecular Weight74.442
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight73.953537004
Classification
Description belongs to the class of inorganic compounds known as alkali metal hypochlorites. These are inorganic compounds in which the largest oxoanion is hypochlorite, and in which the heaviest atom not in an oxoanion is an alkali metal.
KingdomInorganic compounds
Super ClassMixed metal/non-metal compounds
ClassAlkali metal oxoanionic compounds
Sub ClassAlkali metal hypochlorites
Direct ParentAlkali metal hypochlorites
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alkali metal hypochlorite
  • Inorganic sodium salt
  • Inorganic oxide
  • Inorganic salt
Molecular FrameworkNot Available
External Descriptors
Ontology
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateliquid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionCl 47.62%; Na 30.88%; O 21.49%DFC
Melting Point18 oC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-af546d0aa1567991a144JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-af546d0aa1567991a144JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00di-9000000000-2f23d1a7b4470cb8289bJSpectraViewer
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound ID23665760
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDKBT23-K:KBT23-K
EAFUS ID3445
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDSodium_hypochlorite
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference