Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:12:31 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 03:13:30 UTC
Primary IDFDB016592
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameChlorophyll
DescriptionChlorophyll belongs to the class of organic compounds known as chlorins. These are large heterocyclic aromatic ring systems consisting, at the core, of three pyrroles and one pyrroline coupled through four methine linkages. Chlorophyll is a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). Chlorophyll is found, on average, in the highest concentration within a few different foods, such as dates, garden tomato (var.), and apples. Chlorophyll has also been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as french plantains, carrots, green bell peppers, soft-necked garlics, and orange bell peppers. This could make chlorophyll a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods.
CAS Number8049-84-1
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
Biophylldb_source
C.I. 75810db_source
C.I. Natural green 3, 9CIdb_source
E140db_source
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility9.1e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP8.49ALOGPS
logP11.3ChemAxon
logS-7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-1.2ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)6.92ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area124.13 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count22ChemAxon
Refractivity260.82 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability107.96 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings6ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC55H73MgN4O5
IUPAC namemagnesium(2+) ion (3R,21S,22S)-16-ethenyl-11-ethyl-3-(methoxycarbonyl)-12,17,21,26-tetramethyl-4-oxo-22-(3-oxo-3-{[(2E)-3,7,11,15-tetramethylhexadec-2-en-1-yl]oxy}propyl)-7,23,24,25-tetraazahexacyclo[18.2.1.1⁵,⁸.1¹⁰,¹³.1¹⁵,¹⁸.0²,⁶]hexacosa-1,5(26),6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20(23)-decaen-25-ide
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C55H74N4O5.Mg/c1-13-39-35(8)42-28-44-37(10)41(24-25-48(60)64-27-26-34(7)23-17-22-33(6)21-16-20-32(5)19-15-18-31(3)4)52(58-44)50-51(55(62)63-12)54(61)49-38(11)45(59-53(49)50)30-47-40(14-2)36(9)43(57-47)29-46(39)56-42;/h13,26,28-33,37,41,51H,1,14-25,27H2,2-12H3,(H2,56,57,58,59,61);/q;+2/p-1/b34-26+;/t32?,33?,37-,41-,51+;/m0./s1
InChI KeySYHZSPMCAROBPW-WJQLOWBJSA-M
Isomeric SMILES[Mg++].[H]\C(COC(=O)CC[C@]1([H])\C2=C3/C4=N/C(=C\C5=C(CC)C(C)=C([N-]5)\C=C5/N\C(=C/C(=N2)[C@@]1([H])C)C(C)=C5C=C)/C(C)=C4C(=O)[C@]3([H])C(=O)OC)=C(\C)CCCC([H])(C)CCCC([H])(C)CCCC(C)C
Average Molecular Weight894.516
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight893.54258959
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as chlorins. These are large heterocyclic aromatic ring systems consisting, at the core, of three pyrroles and one pyrroline coupled through four methine linkages.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassTetrapyrroles and derivatives
Sub ClassChlorins
Direct ParentChlorins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Metallotetrapyrrole skeleton
  • Chlorin
  • Phorbine skeleton
  • Diterpenoid
  • Aryl alkyl ketone
  • Aryl ketone
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Fatty acyl
  • 1,3-dicarbonyl compound
  • Substituted pyrrole
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Methyl ester
  • Pyrrole
  • Ketone
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Azacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic salt
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic cation
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0006-0000000090-c36f2615dcfb6d8d224cJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0006-0000000090-c36f2615dcfb6d8d224cJSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-0000000090-c36f2615dcfb6d8d224cJSpectraViewer
ChemSpider IDNot Available
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC01793
Pubchem Compound ID4920
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28966
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDKRQ53-M:KRQ53-M
EAFUS ID627
Dr. Duke IDCHLOROPHYLL
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDChlorophyll
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
anti bacterial33282 A substance that kills or slows the growth of bacteria.DUKE
anti cancer35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
anti decubiticDUKE
anti halitosicDUKE
anti menorrhagic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti mutagenicDUKE
anti otitic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
antioxidant22586 A substance that opposes oxidation or inhibits reactions brought about by dioxygen or peroxides. In European countries, E-numbers for permitted antioxidant food additives are from E 300 to E 324.DUKE
anti rhinitic52217 Any substance introduced into a living organism with therapeutic or diagnostic purpose.DUKE
anti sinusiticDUKE
anti ulcer49201 One of various classes of drugs with different action mechanisms used to treat or ameliorate peptic ulcer or irritation of the gastrointestinal tract.DUKE
cancer preventive35610 A substance that inhibits or prevents the proliferation of neoplasms.DUKE
colorant37958 DUKE
deodorantDUKE
dye37958 DUKE
oxidant63248 A substance that removes electrons from another reactant in a redox reaction.DUKE
perfumery48318 A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell.DUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
vulnerary73336 A drug used in treating and healing of wounds.DUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).