Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:14:01 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 03:16:52 UTC
Primary IDFDB018909
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB Namealpha-Chaconine
Descriptionalpha-Chaconine, also known as α-chaconine, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as steroidal saponins. These are saponins in which the aglycone moiety is a steroid. The steroidal aglycone is usually a spirostane, furostane, spirosolane, solanidane, or curcubitacin derivative. alpha-Chaconine is a very strong basic compound (based on its pKa). alpha-Chaconine is a potentially toxic compound.
CAS Number20562-03-2
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
a-ChaconineGenerator
Α-chaconineGenerator
ChaconineHMDB
ConineMeSH
alpha-ChaconineMeSH
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Chemical FormulaC45H73NO14
IUPAC name
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C45H73NO14/c1-19-7-10-28-20(2)31-29(46(28)17-19)16-27-25-9-8-23-15-24(11-13-44(23,5)26(25)12-14-45(27,31)6)57-43-40(60-42-37(53)35(51)33(49)22(4)56-42)38(54)39(30(18-47)58-43)59-41-36(52)34(50)32(48)21(3)55-41/h8,19-22,24-43,47-54H,7,9-18H2,1-6H3
InChI KeyTYNQWWGVEGFKRU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCC1C2CCC(C)CN2C2CC3C4CC=C5CC(CCC5(C)C4CCC3(C)C12)OC1OC(CO)C(OC2OC(C)C(O)C(O)C2O)C(O)C1OC1OC(C)C(O)C(O)C1O
Average Molecular Weight852.0594
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight851.503106049
Classification
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as steroidal saponins. These are saponins in which the aglycone moiety is a steroid. The steroidal aglycone is usually a spirostane, furostane, spirosolane, solanidane, or curcubitacin derivative.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassSteroidal glycosides
Direct ParentSteroidal saponins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Steroidal saponin
  • Diterpene glycoside
  • Solanidane skeleton
  • Oligosaccharide
  • Diterpenoid
  • Steroidal alkaloid
  • Azasteroid
  • Delta-5-steroid
  • Terpene glycoside
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Alkaloid or derivatives
  • Indolizidine
  • Piperidine
  • Oxane
  • N-alkylpyrrolidine
  • Pyrrolidine
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Acetal
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Polyol
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Primary alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Biological location:

Source:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateNot Available
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 63.43%; H 8.64%; N 1.64%; O 26.29%DFC
Melting PointMp 243°DFC
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical Rotation[a]D -85 (Py)DFC
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MSNot Available
MS/MSNot Available
NMRNot Available
ChemSpider ID3328941
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC10796
Pubchem Compound ID4115417
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB39353
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDHDD62-A:LNF07-H
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDALPHA-CHACONINE|CHACONINE
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDC00002242
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDS
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / Bioactivities
DescriptorIDDefinitionReference
anti cholinesterase37733 An EC 3.1.1.* (carboxylic ester hydrolase) inhibitor that interferes with the action of cholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.8).DUKE
anti feedantDUKE
fungicide24127 A substance used to destroy fungal pests.DUKE
memranolyticDUKE
nematistatDUKE
pesticide25944 Strictly, a substance intended to kill pests. In common usage, any substance used for controlling, preventing, or destroying animal, microbiological or plant pests.DUKE
teratogenic50905 A role played by a chemical compound in biological systems with adverse consequences in embryo developments, leading to birth defects, embryo death or altered development, growth retardation and functional defect.DUKE
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference— Duke, James. 'Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases. United States Department of Agriculture.' Agricultural Research Service, Accessed April 27 (2004).
— Shinbo, Y., et al. 'KNApSAcK: a comprehensive species-metabolite relationship database.' Plant Metabolomics. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2006. 165-181.