Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2010-04-08 22:14:46 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 03:18:23 UTC
Primary IDFDB020050
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NamePentyl formate
DescriptionPentyl formate belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboxylic acid esters. These are carboxylic acid derivatives in which the carbon atom from the carbonyl group is attached to an alkyl or an aryl moiety through an oxygen atom (forming an ester group). Pentyl formate is an earthy, ethereal, and fruity tasting compound. Pentyl formate is found, on average, in the highest concentration within milk (cow). Pentyl formate has also been detected, but not quantified in, a few different foods, such as alcoholic beverages, fruits, and garden tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum). This could make pentyl formate a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. Based on a literature review very few articles have been published on Pentyl formate.
CAS Number638-49-3
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
Pentyl formic acidGenerator
3-Pentanol formateHMDB
Amyl formateHMDB
Amyl methanoateHMDB
FEMA 2068HMDB
Formic acid N-amyl esterHMDB
Formic acid, pentyl esterHMDB
m-Pentyl formateHMDB
Methanoic acid, pentyl esterHMDB
N-Amyl formateHMDB
N-Pentyl formateHMDB
N-Pentyl methanoateHMDB
Pentyl methanoateHMDB
Formic acid n-amyl esterbiospider
M-pentyl formatebiospider
N-amyl formatebiospider
N-pentyl formatebiospider
N-pentyl methanoatebiospider
Pentyl formatedb_source
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility4.09 g/LALOGPS
logP2.1ALOGPS
logP1.64ChemAxon
logS-1.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area26.3 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity31.4 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability13.36 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
BioavailabilityYesChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterNoChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC6H12O2
IUPAC namepentyl formate
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C6H12O2/c1-2-3-4-5-8-6-7/h6H,2-5H2,1H3
InChI KeyDIQMPQMYFZXDAX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCCCCCOC=O
Average Molecular Weight116.1583
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight116.083729628
Classification
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboxylic acid esters. These are carboxylic acid derivatives in which the carbon atom from the carbonyl group is attached to an alkyl or an aryl moiety through an oxygen atom (forming an ester group).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassCarboxylic acid derivatives
Direct ParentCarboxylic acid esters
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Biological role:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateLiquid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionC 62.04%; H 10.41%; O 27.55%DFC
Melting Point-73.5 oC
Boiling PointBp 130-131°DFC
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
Densityd 0.9DFC
Refractive Indexn20D 1.3988DFC
Spectra
Spectra
EI-MS/GC-MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
EI-MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0006-9000000000-6552ff855920880ee62fSpectrum
GC-MSPentyl formate, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-002f-9000000000-33963b0f66346230ad8eSpectrum
GC-MSPentyl formate, non-derivatized, GC-MS Spectrumsplash10-002f-9000000000-33963b0f66346230ad8eSpectrum
Predicted GC-MSPentyl formate, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-056u-9000000000-2cae4d28cd277f4361c9Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSPentyl formate, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
MS/MS
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-01b9-7900000000-bbbccf79c515bfb61548Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-00di-9100000000-57a7c2903a6932150948Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-006x-9000000000-994feb7be34abdc63969Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-2900000000-3e2021f6c983a3f536a5Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-014l-9600000000-f89199466f4daaf58adaSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-756b2ee30719849be1aeSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-006x-9000000000-860586bf9ee00901a21aSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-82d11e762e42d179be63Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9000000000-bab0aac2df0127f73b00Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014r-9800000000-4f7d06ddfa91b3f8e822Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-d948d5d95ae14e701f57Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0006-9000000000-4e7f79e8f081bc4943a2Spectrum
NMR
TypeDescriptionView
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumSpectrum
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumSpectrum
ChemSpider ID12012
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound ID12529
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB40327
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDDDT84-S:MJW89-X
EAFUS ID200
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDrw1015511
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
Flavours
FlavorCitations
powerful
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
ethereal
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
fruity
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
unripe banana
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
green
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
earthy
  1. The Good Scents Company (2009). Flavor and fragrance information catalog. <http://www.thegoodscentscompany.com/allprod.html> Accessed 15.10.23.
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference