Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2011-09-21 00:13:52 UTC
Update date2019-11-26 03:21:03 UTC
Primary IDFDB022430
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameIsovaleryl-CoA
DescriptionIsovaleryl-CoA is an intermediate metabolite in the catabolic pathway of leucine. The accumulation of derivatives of isovaleryl-CoA occurs in patients affected with isovaleric acidemia (IVA, OMIM 243500) an autosomal recessive inborn error of leucine metabolism caused by a deficiency of the mitochondrial enzyme isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase (IVD, EC 1.3.99.10, a flavoenzyme that catalyzes the conversion of isovaleryl-CoA to 3-methylcrotonyl-CoA). IVA was the first organic acidemia recognized in humans and can cause significant morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis and treatment with a protein restricted diet and supplementation with carnitine and glycine are effective in promoting normal development in severely affected individuals. Both intra- and interfamilial variability have been recognized. Initially, two phenotypes with either an acute neonatal or a chronic intermittent presentation were described. More recently, a third group of individuals with mild biochemical abnormalities who can be asymptomatic have been identified through newborn screening of blood spots by tandem mass spectrometry. The majority of patients with IVA today are diagnosed pre-symptomatically through newborn screening by use of MS/MS which reveals elevations of the marker metabolite C5 acylcarnitine in dried blood spots. C5 acylcarnitine represents a mixture of isomers (isovalerylcarnitine, 2-methylbutyrylcarnitine, and pivaloylcarnitine). (PMID: 16602101, Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet. 2006 May 15;142(2):95-103.) [HMDB]. Isovaleryl-CoA is found in many foods, some of which are purple laver, alaska wild rhubarb, macadamia nut (m. tetraphylla), and green zucchini.
CAS Number6244-91-3
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
3-Methylbutanoyl-CoAHMDB
3-Methylbutanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Methylbutyryl-CoAHMDB
3-Methylbutyryl-coenzyme AHMDB
Isovaleryl CoAHMDB
Isovaleryl coenzyme AHMDB
Isovaleryl-coenzyme AHMDB
S-(3-MethylbutanoateHMDB
S-(3-Methylbutanoate) coenzyme AHMDB
S-(3-Methylbutanoic acidHMDB
S-Isovalerate CoAHMDB
S-Isovalerate coenzyme AHMDB
3-Methylbutanoyl-Coenzyme Ahmdb
3-Methylbutyryl-Coenzyme Ahmdb
S-isovalerate CoAhmdb
S-isovalerate Coenzyme Ahmdb
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility3.7 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.27ALOGPS
logP-5.5ChemAxon
logS-2.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count17ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count9ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area363.63 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count22ChemAxon
Refractivity185.98 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability76.98 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC26H44N7O17P3S
IUPAC name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-{[2-({2-[(3-methylbutanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}propoxy)phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C26H44N7O17P3S/c1-14(2)9-17(35)54-8-7-28-16(34)5-6-29-24(38)21(37)26(3,4)11-47-53(44,45)50-52(42,43)46-10-15-20(49-51(39,40)41)19(36)25(48-15)33-13-32-18-22(27)30-12-31-23(18)33/h12-15,19-21,25,36-37H,5-11H2,1-4H3,(H,28,34)(H,29,38)(H,42,43)(H,44,45)(H2,27,30,31)(H2,39,40,41)/t15-,19-,20-,21?,25-/m1/s1
InChI KeyUYVZIWWBJMYRCD-TVCSPYKZSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCC(C)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
Average Molecular Weight851.651
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight851.172723243
Classification
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to an acyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentAcyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Pentose monosaccharide
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyrimidine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Oxacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Route of exposure:

Source:

Biological location:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

Role

Biological role:

Industrial application:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0019-1931000110-b2afc6d2ba835d30ec49JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-01p9-1921000000-4c18b5732559828d4704JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2910000000-974dafa370412f89fd89JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-001i-8920041450-3ff7ad1794898ff16567JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-001i-4910110000-77f2bce58e0f539fbc13JSpectraViewer
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-7900100000-6838e5a598f72e52d653JSpectraViewer
ChemSpider ID388897
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC02939
Pubchem Compound ID439855
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID15487
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
HMDB IDHMDB01113
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG ID40861
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDIsovaleryl-coenzyme A
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
Enzymes
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Glycine N-acyltransferaseGLYATQ6IB77
Glycine N-acyltransferase-like protein 1GLYATL1Q969I3
Glycine N-acyltransferase-like protein 2GLYATL2Q8WU03
Bile acid-CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferaseBAATQ14032
Hepatic triacylglycerol lipaseLIPCP11150
Diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1DGAT1O75907
2-acylglycerol O-acyltransferase 2MOGAT2Q3SYC2
Diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 2DGAT2Q96PD7
2-acylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1MOGAT1Q96PD6
2-acylglycerol O-acyltransferase 3MOGAT3Q86VF5
Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 3AGPAT9Q53EU6
Fatty acyl-CoA reductase 2FAR2Q96K12
Acyl-CoA wax alcohol acyltransferase 2AWAT2Q6E213
Sterol O-acyltransferase 1SOAT1P35610
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gammaPPARGP37231
Long-chain fatty acid transport protein 3SLC27A3Q5K4L6
Long-chain fatty acid transport protein 4SLC27A4Q6P1M0
Fatty acyl-CoA reductase 1FAR1Q8WVX9
Acyl-CoA wax alcohol acyltransferase 1AWAT1Q58HT5
Cytosolic acyl coenzyme A thioester hydrolaseACOT7O00154
Acyl-coenzyme A thioesterase 2, mitochondrialACOT2P49753
Acyl-coenzyme A thioesterase 4ACOT4Q8N9L9
Acyl-coenzyme A thioesterase 8ACOT8O14734
Acyl-coenzyme A thioesterase 1ACOT1Q86TX2
Diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 2-like protein 6DGAT2L6Q6ZPD8
Putative diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 2-like protein 7DGAT2L7Q6IED9
Acyl-CoA-binding proteinDBIP07108
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor deltaPPARDQ03181
2-oxoisovalerate dehydrogenase subunit beta, mitochondrialBCKDHBP21953
Cytosolic acyl coenzyme A thioester hydrolase-likeACOT7LQ6ZUV0
Long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase ACSBG2ACSBG2Q5FVE4
Long-chain-fatty-acid--CoA ligase ACSBG1ACSBG1Q96GR2
3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, mitochondrialACAA2P42765
Peroxisomal trans-2-enoyl-CoA reductasePECRQ9BY49
Bile acyl-CoA synthetaseSLC27A5Q9Y2P5
Sterol O-acyltransferase 2SOAT2O75908
Acyl-CoA synthetase family member 4AASDHQ4L235
Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 1, mitochondrialGPAMQ9HCL2
Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 4AGPAT6Q86UL3
Glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase 2, mitochondrialGPAT2Q6NUI2
Very long-chain acyl-CoA synthetaseSLC27A2O14975
Lysophospholipid acyltransferase 5LPCAT3Q6P1A2
1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase gammaAGPAT3Q9NRZ7
1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase betaAGPAT2O15120
1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase alphaAGPAT1Q99943
1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase epsilonAGPAT5Q9NUQ2
1-acyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase deltaAGPAT4Q9NRZ5
Lysocardiolipin acyltransferase 1LCLAT1Q6UWP7
Lipoamide acyltransferase component of branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complex, mitochondrialDBTP11182
3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase, peroxisomalACAA1P09110
Trifunctional enzyme subunit beta, mitochondrialHADHBP55084
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferaseGNPATO15228
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alphaPPARAQ07869
Fatty acid-binding protein, heartFABP3P05413
Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family member 10ACAD10Q6JQN1
Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase family member 11ACAD11Q709F0
Lysophospholipid acyltransferase LPCAT4LPCAT4Q643R3
Enoyl-CoA delta isomerase 2, mitochondrialECI2O75521
Nef-associated protein 1C9orf156Q9BU70
Acyl-coenzyme A thioesterase 9, mitochondrialACOT9Q9Y305
Acyl-CoA synthetase family member 3, mitochondrialACSF3Q4G176
Acyl-CoA synthetase family member 2, mitochondrialACSF2Q96CM8
Acyl-coenzyme A thioesterase 11ACOT11Q8WXI4
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Valine, Leucine and Isoleucine DegradationSMP00032 map00280
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Files
MSDSNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference