Record Information
Creation date2011-09-21 00:23:49 UTC
Update date2015-07-21 06:57:29 UTC
Primary IDFDB023049
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameProstaglandin J2
DescriptionProstaglandin J2 (PGJ2) is an endogenous product of inflammation in humans. It induces neuronal death and the accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins into distinct aggregates. It may play a role in neurodegenerative disorders inducing a chain of events that culminates in neuronal cell death. An altered expression of enzymes in PGJ2 synthesis may represent a novel pathogenic mechanism in human obesity. The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) has a fundamental role in glucose homeostasis and adipocyte differentiation. Besides linoleate, linolenate and arachidonate, the most notable PPAR ligand is 15-deoxy-delta12-14-prostaglandin J2, a natural derivative of prostaglandin D2 and PGJ2. It is therefore plausible that the production of 15d-PGJ2 within adipose tissue may act as an endogenous mediator of adipocyte differentiation. PGJ2 disrupts the cytoskeleton in neuronal cells. This cyclopentenone prostaglandin triggered endoplasmic reticulum (ER) collapse and the redistribution of ER proteins, such as calnexin and catechol-O-methyltransferase, into a large centrosomal aggregate containing ubiquitinated proteins and alpha-synuclein. The PGJ2-dependent cytoskeletal rearrangement paralleled the development of the large centrosomal aggregate. Supporting a mechanism by which, upon PGJ2 treatment, cytoskeleton/ER collapse coincides with the relocation of ER proteins, other potentially neighboring proteins, and ubiquitinated proteins into centrosomal aggregates. Development of these large perinuclear aggregates is associated with disruption of the microtubule/ER network. This aberrant protein deposition, triggered by a product of inflammation, may be common to other compounds that disrupt microtubules and induce protein aggregation, such as MPP+ and rotenone, found to be associated with neurodegeneration. Many neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson disease, exhibit inclusion bodies containing ubiquitinated proteins. Concentrations of PGJ2 in biofluids have not been established, since this prostaglandin is further metabolized into delta12-PGJ2, and 15-deoxy-delta12,14-PGJ2. (PMID: 16737963, 16842938, 16774923) Prostaglandins are eicosanoids. The eicosanoids consist of the prostaglandins (PGs), thromboxanes (TXs), leukotrienes (LTs) and lipoxins (LXs). The PGs and TXs are collectively identified as prostanoids. Prostaglandins were originally shown to be synthesized in the prostate gland, thromboxanes from platelets (thrombocytes) and leukotrienes from leukocytes, hence the derivation of their names. All mammalian cells except erythrocytes synthesize eicosanoids. These molecules are extremely potent, able to cause profound physiological effects at very dilute concentrations. All eicosanoids function locally at the site of synthesis, through receptor-mediated G-protein linked signaling pathways. [HMDB]
CAS Number60203-57-8
9-Deoxy-delta-9-prostaglandin D2MeSH
11-oxo-15S-hydroxy-5Z,8Z,13E-prostatrienoic acidhmdb
9-Deoxy-δ-9-prostaglandin D2Generator
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.02 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.68ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.6 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count12ChemAxon
Refractivity99.09 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability38.6 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC20H30O4
IUPAC name7-[(1S,5R)-5-[(3S)-3-hydroxyoct-1-en-1-yl]-4-oxocyclopent-2-en-1-yl]hept-5-enoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C20H30O4/c1-2-3-6-10-17(21)13-14-18-16(12-15-19(18)22)9-7-4-5-8-11-20(23)24/h4,7,12-18,21H,2-3,5-6,8-11H2,1H3,(H,23,24)/t16-,17-,18+/m0/s1
Isomeric SMILES[H]C(=C[C@@]1([H])C(=O)C=C[C@]1([H])CC=CCCCC(O)=O)[C@@]([H])(O)CCCCC
Average Molecular Weight334.4498
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight334.214409448
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as prostaglandins and related compounds. These are unsaturated carboxylic acids consisting of a 20 carbon skeleton that also contains a five member ring, and are based upon the fatty acid arachidonic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassEicosanoids
Direct ParentProstaglandins and related compounds
Alternative Parents
  • Prostaglandin skeleton
  • Long-chain fatty acid
  • Hydroxy fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Ketone
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
SpectraNot Available
ChemSpider ID4444407
KEGG Compound IDC05957
Pubchem Compound ID5280884
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27485
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
EnzymesNot Available
Arachidonic Acid MetabolismSMP00075 map00590
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference