Record Information
Creation date2011-09-21 00:25:01 UTC
Update date2015-07-21 06:57:31 UTC
Primary IDFDB023122
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameTestosterone glucuronide
DescriptionTestosterone glucuronide is a natural human metabolite of testosterone. Testosterone is a steroid hormone from the androgen group. testosterone is primarily secreted in the testes of males and the ovaries of females although small amounts are secreted by the adrenal glands. It is the principal male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid. In both males and females, it plays key roles in health and well-being. There is a sex difference in the median values of testosterone glucuronide in the amniotic fluid specimens 15-19 wk gestation between female (median 160 pM, range 64-465 pM) and male (median 817 pM, range 68-3707 pM). This difference, when used in conjunction with amniotic fluid unconjugated testosterone values, increase the predictive accuracy of fetal sexing from 95.4 to 98.9%. In human newborns and young infants, urinary testosterone sulfate is higher than glucuronide. The high sulfokinase activity in fetal and neonatal testes is more likely responsible for this phenomenon than an impaired glucuronizing capacity of the liver. Urinary excretion of testosterone glucuronide increases significantly during puberty. The level of testosterone glucuronide exceeds the level of unconjugated testosterone in human seminal plasma. Urinary testosterone glucuronide excretion is increased in women with virilizing adrenocortical tumors. Concentration of testosterone glucuronide in urine from women with breast tumor in urine samples is not different from patients with benign or malignant breast disease, either before or after the menopause. (PMID: 8327267, 3560942, 6246233, 871373, 133773, 947290) [HMDB]
CAS Number1180-25-2
Testosterone 17beta-(beta-D-glucuronide)ChEBI
Testosterone glucuronosideChEBI
Testosterone 17b-(b-D-glucuronide)Generator
Testosterone 17β-(β-D-glucuronide)Generator
(17b)-3-Oxoandrost-4-en-17-yl b-D-glucopyranosiduronic acidHMDB
b-D-3-Oxoandrost-4-en-17b-yl glucopyranosiduronic acidHMDB
b-D-Androstane glucopyranosiduronic acidHMDB
Epitestosterone glucuronideHMDB
Testosterone 17-glucosiduronateHMDB
Testosterone 17-glucuronideHMDB
Testosterone glucopyranuronosideHMDB
Testosterone glucosiduronideHMDB
Testosterone glucuronateHMDB
(alpha)-Isomer OF testosterone glucuronateHMDB
(17b)-3-oxoandrost-4-en-17-yl b-D-Glucopyranosiduronic acidhmdb
b-D-3-oxoandrost-4-en-17b-yl Glucopyranosiduronic acidhmdb
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.26 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.63ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count8ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area133.52 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity116.71 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability49.29 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleNoChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleNoChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC25H36O8
IUPAC name(2S,3S,4S,5R,6R)-6-{[(1S,2R,10R,11S,14S,15S)-2,15-dimethyl-5-oxotetracyclo[²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-6-en-14-yl]oxy}-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C25H36O8/c1-24-9-7-13(26)11-12(24)3-4-14-15-5-6-17(25(15,2)10-8-16(14)24)32-23-20(29)18(27)19(28)21(33-23)22(30)31/h11,14-21,23,27-29H,3-10H2,1-2H3,(H,30,31)/t14-,15-,16-,17-,18-,19-,20+,21-,23+,24-,25-/m0/s1
Isomeric SMILES[H][C@@]12CC[C@H](O[C@@H]3O[C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]3O)C(O)=O)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CCC2=CC(=O)CC[C@]12C
Average Molecular Weight464.5485
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight464.241018128
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as steroid glucuronide conjugates. These are sterol lipids containing a glucuronide moiety linked to the steroid skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassSteroidal glycosides
Direct ParentSteroid glucuronide conjugates
Alternative Parents
  • Steroid-glucuronide-skeleton
  • Androgen-skeleton
  • Androstane-skeleton
  • 3-oxo-delta-4-steroid
  • 3-oxosteroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • Delta-4-steroid
  • 1-o-glucuronide
  • O-glucuronide
  • Glucuronic acid or derivatives
  • Hexose monosaccharide
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Cyclohexenone
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Pyran
  • Oxane
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Polyol
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Acetal
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors

Route of exposure:


Biological location:


Naturally occurring process:


Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted GC-MSTestosterone glucuronide, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-002s-7374900000-df9fd1c0a23d7096cf26Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSTestosterone glucuronide, 3 TMS, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, Positivesplash10-014i-1606029000-ace2748138aab320b602Spectrum
Predicted GC-MSTestosterone glucuronide, non-derivatized, Predicted GC-MS Spectrum - 70eV, PositiveNot AvailableSpectrum
TypeDescriptionSplash KeyView
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00rj-0190600000-c12508c47c05623543aeSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0079-0390000000-6967a132771292eb3775Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-00rl-0690000000-83b24c8c2b8d988ca1bfSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03y0-1260900000-8a8bad65d00272674fb8Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-1290200000-4ea1e726f18e48a97877Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-000i-3190000000-b41d42aa036b4867d7fcSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-0000900000-bd3da6f548433d38332dSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0571-9621300000-3022d77647816a41cad4Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0a4r-9034100000-4cb79673d1b5b82c353cSpectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-00di-0190500000-35f41b813389a2ebb839Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0301-0963500000-58248b539c8cea653977Spectrum
Predicted MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0cdl-1931000000-98e24f4d12e60e585a9cSpectrum
NMRNot Available
ChemSpider ID97270
KEGG Compound IDC11134
Pubchem Compound ID108192
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28835
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG ID2304840
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDTestim
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
NameGene NameUniProt ID
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B28UGT2B28Q9BY64
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B4UGT2B4P06133
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-4UGT1A4P22310
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B10UGT2B10P36537
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7UGT2B7P16662
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15UGT2B15P54855
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2A1UGT2A1Q9Y4X1
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-1UGT1A1P22309
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-9UGT1A9O60656
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-8UGT1A8Q9HAW9
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-3UGT1A3P35503
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-10UGT1A10Q9HAW8
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B17UGT2B17O75795
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-6UGT1A6P19224
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-5UGT1A5P35504
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B11UGT2B11O75310
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1-7UGT1A7Q9HAW7
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2A3UGT2A3Q6UWM9
Androgen and Estrogen MetabolismSMP00068 map00150
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference