Record Information
Creation date2011-09-21 00:30:05 UTC
Update date2015-07-21 06:57:43 UTC
Primary IDFDB023445
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameGanglioside GM3 (d18:1/16:0)
DescriptionA glycosphingolipid (ceramide and oligosaccharide)or oligoglycosylceramide with one or more sialic acids (i.e. n-acetylneuraminic acid) linked on the sugar chain. It is a component the cell plasma membrane which modulates cell signal transduction events. Gangliosides have been found to be highly important in immunology. Ganglioside GM3 carries a net-negative charge at pH 7.0 and is acidic. Gangliosides can amount to 6% of the weight of lipids from brain, but they are found at low levels in all animal tissues Gangliosides are glycosphingolipids. There are four types of glycosphingolipids, the cerebrosides, sulfatides, globosides and gangliosides. Gangliosides are very similar to globosides except that they also contain N-acetyl neuraminic acid (NANA) in varying amounts. The specific names for the gangliosides provide information about their structure. The letter G refers to ganglioside, and the subscripts M, D, T and Q indicate that the molecule contains mono-, di-, tri and quatra-sialic acid. The numbered subscripts 1, 2 and 3 refer to the carbohydrate sequence that is attached to the ceramide. In particular, 1 stands for GalGalNAcGalGlc-ceramide, 2 stands for GalNAcGalGlc-ceramide and 3 stands for GalGlc-ceramide. Deficiencies in lysosomal enzymes that degrade the carbohydrate portions of various gangliosides are responsible for a number of lysosomal storage diseases such as Tay-Sachs disease, Sandhoff disease, and GM1 gangliosidosis. The carbohydrate portion of the ganglioside GM1 is the site of attachment of cholera toxin, the protein secreted by Vibrio cholerae. [HMDB]
CAS NumberNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.029 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.06ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)2.51ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count23ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count14ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area380.39 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count43ChemAxon
Refractivity291.92 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability130.84 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Chemical FormulaC57H104N2O21
IUPAC name(2S,4S,5R)-2-{[(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-{[(2R,3S,4R,6R)-4,5-dihydroxy-6-{[(2S,3R)-3-hydroxy-2-[(1-hydroxyhexadecylidene)amino]octadec-4-en-1-yl]oxy}-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]oxy}-3,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-4-yl]oxy}-4-hydroxy-5-[(1-hydroxyethylidene)amino]-6-[(1R,2R)-1,2,3-trihydroxypropyl]oxane-2-carboxylic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C57H104N2O21/c1-4-6-8-10-12-14-16-18-20-22-24-26-28-30-39(64)38(59-44(67)31-29-27-25-23-21-19-17-15-13-11-9-7-5-2)36-75-54-49(71)48(70)51(43(35-62)77-54)78-55-50(72)53(47(69)42(34-61)76-55)80-57(56(73)74)32-40(65)45(58-37(3)63)52(79-57)46(68)41(66)33-60/h28,30,38-43,45-55,60-62,64-66,68-72H,4-27,29,31-36H2,1-3H3,(H,58,63)(H,59,67)(H,73,74)/t38-,39+,40-,41+,42+,43+,45+,46+,47-,48+,49?,50+,51+,52?,53-,54+,55-,57-/m0/s1
Isomeric SMILES[H][C@@](O)(CO)[C@@]([H])(O)C1O[C@@](C[C@]([H])(O)[C@@]1([H])NC(C)=O)(O[C@@]1([H])[C@@]([H])(O)[C@@]([H])(CO)O[C@@]([H])(O[C@@]2([H])[C@]([H])(O)C(O)[C@]([H])(OC[C@]([H])(NC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC)[C@]([H])(O)C=CCCCCCCCCCCCCC)O[C@]2([H])CO)[C@]1([H])O)C(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight1153.4365
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1152.7131584
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as glycosphingolipids. These are sphingolipids containing a saccharide moiety glycosidically attached to the sphingoid base. Although saccharide moieties are mostly O-glycosidically linked to the ceramide moiety, other sphingolipids with glycosidic bonds of other types (e.g. S-,C-, or N-type) has been reported.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassGlycosphingolipids
Direct ParentGlycosphingolipids
Alternative Parents
  • Glycosphingolipid
  • N-acylneuraminic acid or derivatives
  • N-acylneuraminic acid
  • Neuraminic acid
  • Fatty acyl glycoside of mono- or disaccharide
  • Fatty acyl glycoside
  • Pyranoid amino acid
  • C-glucuronide
  • Amino sugar
  • Alkyl glycoside
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Disaccharide
  • C-glycosyl compound
  • Pyran carboxylic acid
  • Pyran carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Amino saccharide
  • Fatty acyl
  • Pyran
  • Oxane
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty amide
  • Acetamide
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • Carboxamide group
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Acetal
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
SpectraNot Available
ChemSpider ID16744861
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC04730
Pubchem Compound ID20057285
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Ganglioside GM2 activatorGM2AP17900
N-acetylglucosaminyl-phosphatidylinositol de-N-acetylasePIGLQ9Y2B2
Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit QPIGQQ9BRB3
Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit APIGAP37287
Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit HPIGHQ14442
Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit PPIGPP57054
Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit CPIGCQ92535
T-cell surface glycoprotein CD1e, membrane-associatedCD1EP15812
Epididymal secretory protein E1NPC2P61916
Antigen-presenting glycoprotein CD1dCD1DP15813
GPI mannosyltransferase 1PIGMQ9H3S5
Phosphatidylinositol-glycan biosynthesis class W proteinPIGWQ7Z7B1
Phosphatidylinositol-glycan biosynthesis class X proteinPIGXQ8TBF5
GPI mannosyltransferase 4PIGZQ86VD9
Lactosylceramide 1,3-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyltransferaseB3GNT5Q9BYG0
Beta-1,3-galactosyltransferase 5B3GALT5Q9Y2C3
GPI mannosyltransferase 3PIGBQ92521
Phosphatidylinositol-glycan biosynthesis class F proteinPIGFQ07326
GPI ethanolamine phosphate transferase 2PIGGQ5H8A4
GPI ethanolamine phosphate transferase 1PIGNO95427
GPI ethanolamine phosphate transferase 3PIGOQ8TEQ8
GPI transamidase component PIG-SPIGSQ96S52
GPI transamidase component PIG-TPIGTQ969N2
Phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis class U proteinPIGUQ9H490
GPI mannosyltransferase 2PIGVQ9NUD9
Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit YPIGYQ3MUY2
Non-lysosomal glucosylceramidaseGBA2Q9HCG7
GPI-anchor transamidasePIGKQ92643
Beta-1,4 N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 1B4GALNT1Q00973
Beta-hexosaminidase subunit betaHEXBP07686
Beta-hexosaminidase subunit alphaHEXAP06865
Lactosylceramide alpha-2,3-sialyltransferaseST3GAL5Q9UNP4
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference