Record Information
Creation date2011-09-21 00:51:37 UTC
Update date2015-07-21 06:58:17 UTC
Primary IDFDB025009
Secondary Accession NumbersNot Available
Chemical Information
FooDB NameDG(24:0/22:5(7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)/0:0)
DescriptionDG(24:0/22:5(7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)/0:0) is a diglyceride, or a diacylglycerol (DAG). It is a glyceride consisting of two fatty acid chains covalently bonded to a glycerol molecule through ester linkages. Diacylglycerols can have many different combinations of fatty acids attached at both the C-1 and C-2 positions. DG(24:0/22:5(7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)/0:0), in particular, consists of one chain of lignoceric acid at the C-1 position and one chain of docosapentaenoic acid at the C-2 position. The lignoceric acid moiety is derived from groundnut oil, while the docosapentaenoic acid moiety is derived from fish oils. Mono- and diacylglycerols are common food additives used to blend together certain ingredients, such as oil and water, which would not otherwise blend well. Dacylglycerols are often found in bakery products, beverages, ice cream, chewing gum, shortening, whipped toppings, margarine, and confections. Synthesis of diacylglycerol begins with glycerol-3-phosphate, which is derived primarily from dihydroxyacetone phosphate, a product of glycolysis (usually in the cytoplasm of liver or adipose tissue cells). Glycerol-3-phosphate is first acylated with acyl-coenzyme A (acyl-CoA) to form lysophosphatidic acid, which is then acylated with another molecule of acyl-CoA to yield phosphatidic acid. Phosphatidic acid is then de-phosphorylated to form diacylglycerol. Diacylglycerols are precursors to triacylglycerols (triglyceride), which are formed by the addition of a third fatty acid to the diacylglycerol under the catalysis of diglyceride acyltransferase.Since diacylglycerols are synthesized via phosphatidic acid, they will usually contain a saturated fatty acid at the C-1 position on the glycerol moiety and an unsaturated fatty acid at the C-2 position. [HMDB]
CAS NumberNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Chemical FormulaC49H86O5
IUPAC name
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C49H86O5/c1-3-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-19-21-23-24-26-27-29-31-33-35-37-39-41-43-48(51)53-46-47(45-50)54-49(52)44-42-40-38-36-34-32-30-28-25-22-20-18-16-14-12-10-8-6-4-2/h6,8,12,14,18,20,25,28,32,34,47,50H,3-5,7,9-11,13,15-17,19,21-24,26-27,29-31,33,35-46H2,1-2H3/t47-/m0/s1
Average Molecular Weight755.2041
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight754.647525862
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1,2-diacylglycerols. These are diacylglycerols containing a glycerol acylated at positions 1 and 2.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassDiradylglycerols
Direct Parent1,2-diacylglycerols
Alternative Parents
  • 1,2-acyl-sn-glycerol
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Fatty acyl
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
OntologyNo ontology term
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Physical stateSolid
Physical DescriptionNot Available
Mass CompositionNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Boiling PointNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental pKaNot Available
Isoelectric pointNot Available
ChargeNot Available
Optical RotationNot Available
Spectroscopic UV DataNot Available
DensityNot Available
Refractive IndexNot Available
EI-MS/GC-MSNot Available
MS/MSNot Available
NMRNot Available
ChemSpider ID24766474
ChEMBL IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
Pubchem Compound ID53478566
Pubchem Substance IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer IDNot Available
DrugBank IDNot Available
CRC / DFC (Dictionary of Food Compounds) IDNot Available
EAFUS IDNot Available
Dr. Duke IDNot Available
BIGG IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
HET IDNot Available
Food Biomarker OntologyNot Available
VMH IDNot Available
Flavornet IDNot Available
GoodScent IDNot Available
SuperScent IDNot Available
Wikipedia IDNot Available
Phenol-Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
Duplicate IDSNot Available
Old DFC IDSNot Available
Associated Foods
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Biological Effects and Interactions
Health Effects / BioactivitiesNot Available
NameGene NameUniProt ID
Pancreatic triacylglycerol lipasePNLIPP16233
Hepatic triacylglycerol lipaseLIPCP11150
Inactive pancreatic lipase-related protein 1PNLIPRP1P54315
Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3PNPLA3Q9NST1
Gastric triacylglycerol lipaseLIPFP07098
Endothelial lipaseLIPGQ9Y5X9
Diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1DGAT1O75907
Pancreatic lipase-related protein 2PNLIPRP2P54317
Lipoprotein lipaseLPLP06858
2-acylglycerol O-acyltransferase 2MOGAT2Q3SYC2
Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 4PNPLA4P41247
Diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 2DGAT2Q96PD7
2-acylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1MOGAT1Q96PD6
2-acylglycerol O-acyltransferase 3MOGAT3Q86VF5
Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 2PNPLA2Q96AD5
Pancreatic lipase-related protein 3PNLIPRP3Q17RR3
Choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase APCYT1AP49585
Acyl-CoA wax alcohol acyltransferase 2AWAT2Q6E213
Acyl-CoA wax alcohol acyltransferase 1AWAT1Q58HT5
Galactosylceramide sulfotransferaseGAL3ST1Q99999
Phosphatidate cytidylyltransferase 2CDS2O95674
Phosphatidylcholine:ceramide cholinephosphotransferase 2SGMS2Q8NHU3
Phosphatidylcholine:ceramide cholinephosphotransferase 1SGMS1Q86VZ5
Diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 2-like protein 6DGAT2L6Q6ZPD8
Putative diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 2-like protein 7DGAT2L7Q6IED9
CDC42 binding protein kinase beta (DMPK-like)CDC42BPBA9JR72
Kinase suppressor of Ras 2KSR2Q6VAB6
Tensin-like C1 domain-containing phosphataseTENC1Q63HR2
Kinase suppressor of Ras 1KSR1Q8IVT5
CDC42-binding protein kinase betaCDC42BPAQ8IWQ7
PathwaysNot Available
MetabolismNot Available
BiosynthesisNot Available
Organoleptic Properties
FlavoursNot Available
MSDSNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
General ReferenceNot Available
Content Reference